Figurative Language In poetry
What is figurative language? Language that is not meant to be taken literally, In other words, it does not really mean exactly what it says It is used for effect!
Types of Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Personification Hyperbole
Simile A comparison- at least two things must be being compared (speaking of similarities) Nothing being compared= no simile Usually compares two “unlike” things, or things you wouldn’t normally think of together. Uses the word “like” or “as” Example: The wind tapped like a tired man. Example: Their voices sounded like bees.
Metaphor Also a comparison of two unlike things Without “like” or “as” Example: My blood boiled with anger. Example: Life is a roller coaster.
Personification Gives human qualities and abilities to non-human things Can be emotional qualities, physical qualities or abilities and talents Example: The trees danced in the wind. Example: The moon looked sadly over the empty desert.
Hyperbole Extreme exaggeration beyond the normal means of believability Example: Last night we ate a pizza that was as big as the sun. Example: She ran faster than the speed of light.