Government: How it works for you
A body of persons that constitutes the governing authority of a political unit or organization.
The President of The United States is the head of the Executive Branch
The Constitution created a government of three equal branches, or parts. The Constitution is the plan and set of rules for our government. United States government
The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress- the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Constitution created Congress. It is a group of people elected to make laws for the country. Congress has two parts: The Senate and The House of Representatives. The legislative branch
The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. • There are 100 senators in the senate, two from each state. • There are 435 representatives in the House of Representatives. The number of representatives is based on each state’s population.
There are 100 senators. Each state has two senators. A Senator is in office for 6 years. This is called a “term.” Senators meet in the U.S. Capitol building. The senate
There are 435 representatives. The more people that live in a state, the more representatives it has. Representatives serve for a term of two years. They can be elected for more than one term. The house of representatives
The President, or Chief Executive, is the head of the government. Americans vote every four years for their leader of their democratic society. After elected to serve his/her country, the president lives and works in the White House. The president is in charge of the armed forces. The president works with leaders of other countries. The Executive Branch
The Judicial Branch oversees the court system of the United States. • Explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. • Rules on whether something is unconstitutional or constitutional.
On the Supreme Court there are nine justices, or judges; eight associate and one chief justice. • Judges are nominated by the President and approved by the Senate. • Its decisions are final, and no other court can overrule their decisions.
The Supreme Court is the highest court is the U. S., and is the system of courts to settle questions about the laws. The nine justices can serve for as long as they live, or wish to retire. The Judicial branch
Government • The president carries out the laws of the United States. • The Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) makes the laws. • The Supreme Court explains the laws.
Did you know that each state’s constitution also separates power between three branches of government? Kansas, like the federal government has Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of government to protect its citizens.
The state judicial branch is made up of five court systems: • The Kansas Supreme Court • Kansas Court of Appeals • Circuit Courts • District Courts • City Courts
The Governor is the head of the state executive branch. The executive branch also includes the Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, State Auditor and the State Land Commissioner. Governor Kathleen Sebelius
The state legislative branch, like the federal legislative branch is made up of two houses: The Senate and the House of Representatives. The state legislative branch also creates laws.
Do you know how a bill becomes a law? We know that the legislative branch makes them, but do we know how?
First, a concerned citizencontacts his/her senator or representative about an idea that they would like to see become a law.After the researching is done the legislator has the bill drafted by their staff. After a bill is drafted, it can be introduced by any member of the house or senate, and more than one legislator can sponsor a bill. The bill is filed with the bill clerk, who assigns the bill a number.
The bill is then introduced and read in the house or the senate for the first and usually a second time ( a bill must be read three times before final passage). After reading, the bill is assigned to the appropriate committee. The committee schedules the bill to be read at a public meeting where legislators and anyone interested can speak for or against the bill. The committee can also add amendments to a bill. The committee then votes on the bill. The committee votes do pass, do pass as amended, do not pass, or without recommendation.
If a bill is amended, the bill is changed to include the amendment. When a bill comes out of committee it is placed on the calendar for a third reading. At the third reading, the reading clerk reads the title of the bill for the third and final time. Vote: Most bills are adopted by a simple majority. Appropriation bills require a 3/4 vote. Initiated acts may be amended or repealed by a 2/3 vote of both houses.
If the bill fails, it dies on the floor. If the bill passes, it is sent to the opposite chamber and repeats the process that it followed in the previous chamber. If the house amends a senate bill, it is then referred to the senate and then referred to a committee.
Conference Committee: If the 2 houses cannot agree on a bill, the differences are reconciled by a conference committee with representatives from each House. Compromises subject to approval by both houses. When bills are passed by both houses, the enrolled bill is certified by the presiding officer of each house and sent to the Governor.
The Governor must sign, veto, or refer the bill back to its House of origin with his objections within 5 days. The bill may be passed over the Governor’s veto by a simple majority vote of both houses. A bill not signed or returned within 5 days of session must be signed or vetoed by the Governor within 20 days of adjournment of the general assembly or they become law without his signature. All acts are given a number and filed with the Secretary of State.
Quiz Time!!! Name the three branches of our Federal Government.
In ABC order…The first branch of our Federal Government is… 1. Executive
The second branch of our Federal Government is… 1. Executive 2. Judicial
The final branch of our Federal Government is… 1. Executive 2. Judicial 3. Legislative