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DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. ANNUAL REPORT 2005/06 PRESENTED BY DIRECTOR-GENERAL Dr Phil Mjwara 12 September 2006. CONTENTS. R&D Strategic Focus Highlights/achievements during the year per programme Annual Financial Statements Human Resource Statistics Summary. QUOTES.

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DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


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    1. DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ANNUAL REPORT 2005/06 PRESENTED BY DIRECTOR-GENERAL Dr Phil Mjwara 12 September 2006

    2. CONTENTS • R&D Strategic Focus • Highlights/achievements during the year per programme • Annual Financial Statements • Human Resource Statistics • Summary

    3. QUOTES “…making science and technology a driver for economic growth and social transformation” Mosibudi Mangena Minister of Science and Technology “…the ultimate goal is a substantial improvement in the lives of our people” Derek Hanekom Deputy Minister of Science and Technology

    4. R & D STRATEGY FRAMEWORK Wealth Creation Quality of Life Business Performance Technical progress (Improvement and Innovation) SET Human Capital Imported Know-how Current R&D Capacity Future R&D Capacity

    5. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 1: Corporate Services • Capacity to execute remains robust (98.84% of voted funds spent). • Unqualified audit report by the Auditor-General. • Implementation of integrated internship programme in collaboration with the National Research Foundation (NRF). • SA/UK Day, Aichi World Expo 2005 in Japan, launch of the Africa-Japan Essay Competition, bilateral cooperation agreement signing ceremonies.

    6. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Transfer of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research to the DST. • Annual Shareholder compacts (Including Human Sciences Research Council, the Africa Institute of South Africa and National Research Foundation – Schedule 3A Public Entities) have been prepared. • Appointment of representatives of the DST on the boards of the Agricultural Research Council, Mintek, the South African National Energy Research Institute and the Water Research Council.

    7. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 2: Science and Technology Expert Services • The Framework for Intellectual Property from Publicly Financed Research was developed and presented to Cabinet in January 2006 and approved for public consultation. • Draft legislation on astronomy geographical advantage areas was developed and approved by Cabinet for public consultation in November 2005. • Establishment of the office of the National Indigenous Knowledge Systems

    8. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 3: International Cooperation and Resources • Strengthening strategic partnerships –European Union’s (EU) Framework Programme (FP); Sector budget support and Cooperation Framework on Innovation Systems between South Africa and Finland (COFISA). • Developments in multilateral cooperation – The second African Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology, where the Consolidated Plan of Action for Science and Technology in Africa was adopted. • Broader developing World participation e.g. G77+ China, and IBSA • Successfully completing South Africa’s bid to host the world’s largest radio telescope – the Square Kilometre Array

    9. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Preparation of South Africa’s bid to host the third major international laboratory, i.e. African node of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. • SA secured R80 million from the FP6 competitive funds for R&D

    10. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 4: Frontier Science and Technology • Inauguration of the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) by President Mbeki. • Launch of the Nanotechnology Strategy. • Construction of South Africa’s second microsatellite (Low earth orbiting satellite). • Developing an integrated national space programme. • Launching the Meraka Institute with the Department of Communications (High performance computing).

    11. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Human capital initiatives • A number of programmes are in a pilot phase, notably: • DST’s post-doctoral fellowship. • The Research Chairs Programme. (20) • Centres of Excellence programme has seen the establishment of six world-class centres of research in strategic areas, and more are being planned. • National Science Week • The aim of National Science Week is to showcase, celebrate and inspire innovation. • It is one of the ways in which the department delivers on its mandate of promoting public understanding of and engagement with science, engineering and technology. • Collaboration with the Department of Education has helped to broaden coverage of the event, reaching out especially to rural areas.

    12. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Karoo Array Telescope (KAT) • The KAT is South Africa’s demonstrator telescope in its bid to host the SKA site. • The KAT will be designed to have a modular and scalable upgrade path, and will consist of 20 parabolic dishes, each 10-15 metres in diameter. • KAT will not only demonstrate South Africa’s engineering competence and improve its chances of hosting the SKA, but will also serve as a test bed for R&D, as well as related digital signal processing and software efforts. • The KAT prototype, to be completed in 2007,

    13. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Southern African Large Telescope • SALT, one of South Africa’s flagship science projects, is the single largest optical telescope in the southern hemisphere. • On 1 September 2005, SALT reached a milestone by achieving its scientific “first light” – meaning that the full array of mirrors, together with the telescope’s new imaging camera, were fully operational for the first time. • President Thabo Mbeki inaugurated the SALT on 10 November 2005.

    14. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • South African National Antarctic Programme • DST has finalised the Antarctic Research Strategy for South Africa, which will inform research direction in the next five years. • DST has broadened the scope of research themes so that they speak to both the pure science and social science communities. • The strategy is associated with an increase in research activity and a renewed commitment by South Africa to full participation in research conducted in Antarctica and the Southern Oceans.

    15. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR • Biosciences platform • The African Coelacanth Ecosystems Programme (ACEP) continued to receive support to sustain research activities. • In November 2005, ACEP was reviewed to assess performance since its inception in 2002. The review report will guide future developments in marine research.

    16. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 5: Government Sector Programmes and Coordination • Energy sector research has been strengthened with the establishment of SANERI. • The Science Conference helped to raise awareness among industry, government and development specialists about the challenges of climate change. (Midrand, 2005) • The ICT sector saw important developments with the launch of the Meraka Institute, the architectural design of the South African National Research Network (SANReN) • The draft ICT Research and Development finalised. • R&D tax incentives were announced by the Minister of Finance in his 2006 budget speech. • Future planning will be more coherent with development of the integrated expenditure plan for science and technology reporting in all government departments. • Social Impact Programme was repositioned to focus Sustainable livelihoods( Aquaculture, Essential oils and indigenous medicinal plants,

    17. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 5: Government Sector Programmes and Coordination • Social Impact Programme was repositioned to focus on: • Sustainable livelihoods e.g. • Aquaculture, Essential oils and indigenous medicinal plants • Human settlements e.g. • Health innovation i.e. health problems caused by poor quality fuels and appliances for cooking • Increased service delivery • Rural connectivity • Digital doorway

    18. HIGHLIGHTS/ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR Programme 5: Government Sector Programmes and Coordination • Tshuminano established another technology station focusing on food processing technologies at Cape Peninsula University of Technology • Focused internship in Science and Technology

    19. ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS • Key Points • Expenditure within Voted Funds and Departmental Mandate. • No irregular and or unauthorised Expenditure in current financial year. • Unqualified Audit Report by the Auditor-General. • Expenditure Outcome * Approved by National Treasury for roll over to the 2006/07 financial year – Will be utilised for the Research and Development Management Information System.

    20. ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS • Key Points • Expenditure within Voted Funds and Departmental Mandate. • No irregular and or unauthorised Expenditure in current financial year. • Unqualified Audit Report by the Auditor-General. • Expenditure Outcome * Approved by National Treasury for roll over to the 2006/07 financial year – Will be utilised for the Research and Development Management Information System.

    21. ANNUAL REPORT – HUMAN RESOURCE STATISTICS Employment equity

    22. ANNUAL REPORT – HUMAN RESOURCE STATISTICS

    23. ANNUAL REPORT – HUMAN RESOURCE STATISTICS Staff turnover rate

    24. SUMMARY 98.84% of voted funds spent Unqualified Audit Report Refocusing of Poverty Alleviation The Framework for Intellectual Property from Publicly Financed Research was approved by Cabinet for public consultation. SA secured R80 million from the FP6 competitive funds for R&D President Thabo Mbeki inaugurated the SALT on 10 November 2005.

    25. RE YA LEBOHATHANK YOUSIYABONGA