Immaculate Conception Objectives Be able to correctly identify to what the Immaculate Conception refers Define protoevangellium Use typology and scripture to defend the doctrine that Mary was sinless
Immaculate Conception • That Mary was preserved from: • Original sin • Condition we inherit from Adam • Actual sin • Always chose God’s will • Concupiscence • No attraction to evil or the pull of the flesh • Beginning with her conception in St. Ann’s womb • This doctrine concerning Mary points to JESUS!
Protoevangellium • Literally = 1st Good News • Genesis 3:15 • “I will place enmity between you and the woman and between your offspring and hers.” • What does enmity mean? • Ill will, nothing in common; enemies • To what woman is God referring? • Who is the offspring of the serpent (the Devil)? • Who is the offspring of the woman? • Who, then, is the woman?
New Testament • Luke 1:28 The angel Gabriel greets Mary as “full of grace” • Sin diminishes grace. • She cannot be simultaneously full of grace and a sinner.
Typology • The new Eve • Mary’s yes would untie the knot of disobedience that Eve’s no created • It is fitting that she should be sinless as Eve was
Mary and the Ark of the Covenant • How much effort and care did God put into the Ark? • It was going to carry the two stone tablets which were God’s word • What was Mary going to carry? • Would not God want to make her as “golden” and as perfect a vessel? • What would be more perfect than to be sinless?
In Summary • God got to create His own mother • There is strong scriptural evidence that Mary was sinless • Jesus would take His human nature entirely from Mary • It is fitting that that nature never have been touched by sin
Objections • St. Paul says all have sinned • Is this absolute? • Would it include babies who died ? • Mary refers to God as her savior • Mary redeemed in anticipation of the merits of her son. • So that Jesus was her redeemer as He is ours • Hers was a preservation rather than a remedy • Catholic saint objections? • Thomas Aquinas
Quiz • 1. Define hypostatic union • 2. List the 4 disputed Marian doctrines • 3. Immaculate Conception means Mary conceived Jesus without sex. T/F • 4. What does “protoevangellium” mean? • 5. Jesus was Mary’s savior. T/F