Unit 3 Back to the Past Huang Rui
Thinking According to the pictures, can you think out some features of civilization? • Agriculture • Social stratification • Manufacture • Monumental architecture • Writing • Literature • Code…
Four Cradles of Civilizations River Nile Valley Euphrates and Tigris Valley Huang He Valley Indus Valley
Do you know the Four Ancient Countries? • Ancient Babylon • Ancient Egypt • Ancient India • China
If you had the chance to take the time machine to go to one of the four ancient countries, which one would you like to go to? Why?
The Potala Palace, (locate) on “Red Hill” in Lhasa, was the (reside) of the Dalai Lama as well as the (religion) and political centre of old Tibet. It was (origin) built in the 640’s, during the reign of King SongtsanGampo. (stand) 117 meters high, the palace covers an area of 130,000 square meters. It is divided two sections, the Red Palace and the White Palace. Besides, the building (measure) 400 metres east-west and 350 metres north-south. The PotalaPalace was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. The number of visitors to the palace(restrict) to 1,600 a day, with opening hours reduced six hours daily (avoid) over-crowding from 1 May 2003. residence located religious originally Standing into measures was restricted to avoid to
What other ancient civilizations do you know about? Greek Civilization Roman Civilization Maya Civilization …
Discussion Context In recent years, some municipal governments in China have destroyed many ancient buildings in the city to provide more spaces for modern construction. This has raised concern among critics, but others are for it. Do you think it is important to protect objects from the past? Why or Why not? Do you have any suggestions on how to protect them?
Suggestions • Arise people’s awareness of protecting objects from the past • Call on people to be civilized tourists and show their respect for objects from the past • Write to the government for official protection • …
Reading Lost Civilizations
civilization A state of human society that is very developed and organized kingdoms cities objects lost civilization mysterious disappeared
Reading strategy: What should we pay attention to when we arereading diaries? ⑴. ⑵ . ⑶. dates and place names facts and historical information personal feelings and opinions
Read the diary entries quickly and answer the following questions. Where are Pompeii and Loulan? Pompeii is in Italy and Loulan is in China. What is one main similarity between the two cities? Both of them became lost civilizations long ago. What was Loulan buried beneath? It was buried beneath the sand.
Reading: Fill in the chart in Italy attended a lecture about Pompeii saw the ancient Roman city of Pompeii
arrived in Loulan knew some information about Loulan from a scholar, Professor Zhang
Fast Reading Skimming: Choose the correct main idea for each part. Diary 1 a lecture about Pompeii and the volcano a visit to the ancient Roman city ofPompeii Diary 2 Diary 3 general information about Loulan Diary 4 the purpose and destination of the trip Diary 5 the discovery of the Loulan kingdom
Careful Reading Task 1： Read the diary entries Day 2 and Day 3, and finish the exercises about Pompeii.
Basic information of Pompeii It was put under government protection It was taken over by the Romans A farmer discovered it The volcano erupted It was founded • in the 8thcentury BC in 89 BC on 24th Aug. 79 AD • in 18th century • in 1860
Task 1：Pompeii 1. What happened to Pompeii in August AD 79? 2. How was Pompeii discovered? 3. What were the stepping stones along the road in Pompeii used for?
1. What happened to Pompeii in August AD 79? A volcano erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside. Many people in Pompeii were buried alive, and so was the city.
2. How was Pompeii discovered? It was discovered in the 18th century when a farmer found a stone with writing on it. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage.
3. What were the stepping stones along the road in Pompeii used for? With the stones, people did not have to step in the mud on rainy days.
Summary：Pompeii Pompeii in Italy in the 8th century BC about 2,000 years ago (1) volcano eruption (2) (3) a farmer (4) streets, houses and bodies of people a rich city
volcano eruption rich city Ruins of Pompeii buried people
Task 2： Read the diary entries Day 10 and Day 11, and finish the exercises about Loulan.
Basic information of Loulan It was gradually covered over by sandstorms It was a commercial city Its ruins were discovered • 2000 years ago From AD 200 to AD 400 Around 1900
Task 2：Loulan • Why was Loulan an important city about 2,000 years ago? • Because it was a stopping point in the famous Silk Road between the East and the West. • According to the last sentence, how did the author feel about the loss of Loulan? • She felt that it was a pity.
Task 2：Loulan Loulan in China 2,000 years ago About 200 AD （1） sandstorms Sven Hedin, a Swedish explorer （2） treasures, ruins and an ancient water system （3） （4） a small, wealthy commercial city, a stopping point and a green land
The author’s feelings Day 10 Day 11 Day 2 Day 1 Day 3 unfortunate lucky amazing excited pitiful
Further understanding • 1. What happened soon after the ruins of Pompeii was found? • A. It was well protected by the local government. • B. It was dug by the Italian archaeologist . • C. It was badly damaged by people digging in • the area for treasure. • D. The bodies of people buried were stolen.
2. Which of the following statements is NOT true? Both of the two cities are lost civilizations about 2,000 years ago. B. Both of the two cities were discovered by local people. C. Pompeii was destroyed by a volcano while Loulanwas gradually covered over by sandstorms. D. Pompeii was in Italy while Loulan was in China.
3. The purpose of writing this message is _____. A. to show how happy the writer was to have a chance to visit the sites. B. to arouse people’s sense of protecting civilizations. C. to compare the civilizations of Pompeii and Loulan. D. to tell us how Pompeii and Loulanwere destroyed.
Compare Pompeii with Loulan Italy about 2000 years ago Because of the volcano eruption
A European explorer discovered the ruins of the Loulan Kingdom around the year 1900. A farmer found some stones with writing on it. In 1860, the area was put under government protection. History repeats itself 1. some treasures 2. some buildings such as the city walls, palaces, temples, workshops, and towers.3. water system that ran through the middle of the city. 1. streets with stepping stones. 2. houses decorated with wall paintings. 3. bodies that have been turned into stones
Discussion “History repeats itself”. What do you think this saying means? Do you agree with it? Why or why not? Is it useful for people to study things from the past? Why or why not?
found (founded-founded) vt.建立；创办；把…基于… be founded on 建立在…的基础上 【n.】foundation基础；基金 友好的关系通常建立在相互（mutual)尊重的基础之上。 A good relationship is usually founded on mutual respect. 这一理论为实践奠定了基础。 The theory lays a foundation for practice.
take over 控制；接管；(from sb.)接替 take over the party/country/ company 【拓展】 take in take up take on take off take to take for granted 认为…理所当然 吸入；理解；欺骗 开始从事；占据 呈现；承担 起飞；脱掉 开始喜欢
She hasn’ther new school yet. So she is unwilling to go there every morning. Do not let wandering outside too much of your time. Whoever signs the agreement should corresponding responsibilities. Volvo was by Geely Automobile several years ago. Halfway through the chapter I realized I hadn’t anything . Electricity is a modern convenience that most of us . taken to take up take on taken over taken in take for granted
【原句回放】Nearthe city was a volcano. 本句是。 表时间、地点、方位的介词短语、副词:(1)置于句首， (2)且句子的主语是名词（不能是人称代词），(3) 且句子只有一个动词时，用完全倒装结构。 倒装句 包裹里有一封信。 Inside the parcel was a letter. 在两座大楼之间有一棵大树。 Between the two buildings stands a tall tree.
erupt vi. 爆发；喷出；（~into) 突然发出（叫喊等） 【n.】eruption爆发 岩浆从火山中喷出。 Lava erupted from the volcano. 经济泡沫（economic bubble) 最终导致金融危机（economic crisis）的爆发。 Economic bubble eventually resulted in economic crisis erupting. 火山喷发是一种自然现象。 Volcano eruption is a natural phenomenon.