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Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

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Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

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  1. Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke

  2. Thomas Hobbes • All humans are naturally selfish and wicked

  3. Thomas Hobbes • STATE OF NATURE- life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, short • Without government, man will fight against man to the death

  4. Thomas Hobbes • To escape the state of nature- submit to a social contract • People give up their rights to a strong ruler

  5. Thomas Hobbes • The best government is an absolute monarchy

  6. John Locke • “Two Treatises on Government” • People are good and want to learn and improve

  7. John Locke • All people are born free and equal • Criticized absolute monarchy

  8. John Locke • All people are born free and equal • Criticized absolute monarchy

  9. John Locke • 3 Natural Rights • Life, Liberty and Property • Purpose of government is to protect natural rights • If government does not do this  people SHOULD overthrow government

  10. John Locke • In a modern democracy, power comes from the PEOPLE