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Australia CRCT Lecture Notes

Australia CRCT Lecture Notes

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Australia CRCT Lecture Notes

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  1. Australia CRCT Lecture Notes Please answer all questions, learn for upcoming tests, & the CRCT

  2. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the major physical features of Australia, and where are they located on a map?

  3. Today’s Standard SS6G12 The student will be able to locate selected features of Australia. a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert.

  4. Coral Sea Great Barrier Reef Ayers Rock “Uluru” Great Victoria Desert

  5. Australia & Oceania

  6. Intro to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the major physical features of Australia, and where are they located on a map (Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert)?

  7. Great Barrier Reef

  8. The Coral Sea

  9. Ayers Rock“Uluru”

  10. Great Victoria Desert

  11. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the major physical features of Australia, and where are they located on a map (Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert)?

  12. Today’s Standards SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Australia. • Describe how Australia’s location, climate, and natural resources have affected where people live. b. Describe how Australia’s location, climate, and natural resourcesimpact trade.

  13. Intro to our……. “Essential Question(s)” How does the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect where Australians choose to live and work? How do the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect trade?

  14. Location

  15. Climate

  16. Natural Resources

  17. Where Do People Live?

  18. Major Trading Partners

  19. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” How does the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect where Australians choose to live and work? How do the factors of location, climate, access to water, and natural resources affect trade?

  20. -Southern/Eastern Hemisphere’s -Around 2,000mi. Southeast of Asia -Between the Indian & Pacific Oceans -Most people live in the cities in Southeastern & Southwestern coasts b/c of the Mild Climate (Not Too Hot or Cold) -80% of the population lives in urban (city) areas

  21. -Southern/Eastern Hemisphere’s -Around 2,000mi. Southeast of Asia -Between the Indian & Pacific Oceans Summer (Dec-Mar) Winter (June-Sept) North – Tropical Central- Hot/Dry (Desert Conditions) Southeast & Southwest- Mild (Not Too Hot or Cold) -Most people live in the cities in Southeastern & Southwestern coasts b/c of the Mild Climate (Not Too Hot or Cold) -80% of the population lives in urban (city) areas

  22. -Southern/Eastern Hemisphere’s -Around 2,000mi. Southeast of Asia -Between the Indian & Pacific Oceans Summer (Dec-Mar) Winter (June-Sept) North – Tropical Central- Hot/Dry (Desert Conditions) Southeast & Southwest- Mild (Not Too Hot or Cold) Arable Land for Farming & Grazing Minerals- Many (Iron, Copper, Tin, Gold, Etc.) Energy- Coal, Oil, Natural Gas ***ABUNDANT RESOURCES*** -Most people live in the cities in Southeastern & Southwestern coasts b/c of the Mild Climate (Not Too Hot or Cold) -80% of the population lives in urban (city) areas Major Partners- Japan, China, & United States Major Exports- Coal, Iron, Gold, Meat, Wool, Aluminum, Wheat Currency- Australian Dollar *Exchange Rate (3/11/2011)→ 1USD = 1.29 AD

  23. Review Standard SS6H8 The student will describe the culture and development of Australia prior to contact with Europeans. a. Describe the origins and culture of the Aborigines.

  24. Intro to our……. “Essential Question(s)” How are the origins of the Aborigine people explained? How have the traditions and beliefs of the Aborigine people shaped their cultures over time?

  25. Aboriginal Australians

  26. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” How are the origins of the Aborigine people explained? How have the traditions and beliefs of the Aborigine people shaped their cultures over time?

  27. The Worlds Oldest Inhabitants? • Did people arrive first in Europe or Australia? 2. What evidence was found in 1971 to validate this idea? 3.When did the first fleet of European settlers arrive?

  28. Aboriginal Australians

  29. Aborigines And Their Culture 4. How did the first Aborigines reach Australia? 5. When did they first arrive?

  30. Aboriginal Australians

  31. A Perfect Environment; Land, The Ultimate Provider; Gatherers 6. How did Aborigines get the food they needed? 7. Why do you think the Aborigines did not cultivate crops like others in Asia, Africa, & Europe?

  32. Aboriginal Australians

  33. Hunters 8. What were some of the methods that the Aborigines used to hunt animals for resources 9. What role did women play in Aboriginal life?

  34. Aboriginal Australians

  35. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” How did Aborigines migrate to Australia? How are the origins of the Aborigine people explained? How have the traditions and beliefs of the Aborigine people shaped their cultures over time?

  36. Today’s Standard SS6H9 The student will explain the impact European exploration and colonization had on Australia. a. Explain the reasons for British colonization of Australia; include the use of prisoners as colonists. b. Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia in terms of diseases and weapons on the indigenous peoples of Australia. Colonial Flag of Australia

  37. Intro to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the reasons for British colonization of Australia (use of prisoners as colonists)? How are the indigenous people (Aborigines) affected by colonization (diseases and weapons)?

  38. Cook Early Map produced by the Royal Navy Gold Prospectors In Colonial Australia An Engraving of the Discovery (1770) The Indigenous cost of European Empire Building

  39. 1770- Discovery 1788- 1st prisoners arrive 1793- 1st Free Settlers Arrive -Good base for Royal Navy in the Pacific -Easy access to far eastern trading partners -Penal Colony for British Prisoners PRISONERS : Sent to perform hard labor & build colonial towns Positive/Good: Aborigines helped them learn to survive in harsh conditions Good to Bad→ Aborigines were forced off traditional lands & tried to fight the British settlers Many died fighting the British Diseases killed approx. ½ of the Aborigines The Aborigines that survived suffered in poverty & lower class social status Language – English (78.5%) Religion – Christianity (Catholic- 25.8%; Anglican-18.7%) Source: CIA World Fact Book

  40. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the reasons for British colonization of Australia (use of prisoners as colonists)? How are the indigenous people (Aborigines) affected by colonization (diseases and weapons)?

  41. Review Standard SS6H8 The student will describe the culture and development of Australia prior to contact with Europeans. a. Describe the origins and culture of the Aborigines.

  42. Today’s Standard SS6H9 The student will explain the impact European exploration and colonization had on Australia. a. Explain the reasons for British colonization of Australia; include the use of prisoners as colonists. b. Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia in terms of diseases and weapons on the indigenous peoples of Australia. Colonial Flag of Australia

  43. Today’s Standard SS6G14 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of people who live in Australia. a. Explain the impact of English colonization on the language and religion of Australia.

  44. Intro to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What is the impact of English colonization on the language and religion of Australia?

  45. “My Aussie Adventure”By: J.Maiden I’m on an airplane to Los Angeles. The in-flight movie is something terrible called High School Musical. I’ve decided that the next few hours would be best spent documenting my recent trip to Australia. I guess the beginning would be the best place to begin. I arrived in Sydneyabout one week ago. This is a beautiful harbor city which is home to more Australians than any other city in the country. Most people around the world assume that Sydney is the capital, but Canberra is the actual capital city of this country/continent. It is located in the Australian Capital Territory. Immediately, I was greeted by a very excited sheila. She exclaimed “G’Day Mate” and welcome to Australia! I asked her if she could direct me to the nearest restroom. “See that bloke on the red pushysmokin’ a fag?” I said “yeah.” “The dunny is just through that door behind him.” I said thanks & was on my way. Later that night, I decided to get some early rest because the next day I was going to visit the largest coral reef in the world. The Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland is a place I’ve always wanted to visit. I was making sure that I had the correct name of the banana-benderI was meeting up with tomorrow in Brisbane (the capital of Queensland State). We would leave there by boat & head to the reef. While imagining how cool the next day would be, I dozed off into a deep sleep.