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Academic Research writing

Academic Research writing

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Academic Research writing

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  1. Academic Research writing

  2. Ethical Issues Concerning Research Writing: • Intellectual Property • Avoid fabricating, falsifying, or misrepresenting data • Patenting policies, data sharing policies, and confidentiality rules in peer review • Encourage collaborates • Plagiarism

  3. How to avoid plagiarism? • Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided by: •  Citing the proper sources and acknowledging the original material. •  Providing the sustainable model developed by the institutions in order to detect and prevent plagiarism. •  Teaching students about plagiarism and how to avoid it helps to minimize plagiarism. •  Introducing laws against plagiarism. •  Creating a culture of research rather than detecting and punishing for plagiarism.

  4. Plagiarism •  stealing and passing off others ideas and words as your own; •  using other’s production without crediting the source; or •  Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation. •  Providing inaccurate information regarding the sources making it impossible to find them. •  Accidental plagiarism: where students do not understand what document is and how to do it •  Ask students to keep a logbook of their learning throughout the • project/thesis. •  Intentional plagiarism: i.e., cutting/pasting, or presenting other’s work as their own.

  5. Documenting Research You need to be conscious and cautious that, • 1. You are systematic • 2. You are logical • 3. You authenticate what you say • 4. You synthesize materials, citations, examples etc.

  6. For writing, •  Set deadlines •  Write regularly •  Create a rhythm of work •  Write up a section as soon as it is ready •  Stop at a point from which it is easy to resume writing •  Leave space for revisions •  Publicize your plans

  7. Report writing

  8. Report writing • Standard Report Format : • 1: Introduction • Background • Identification of the Problem/ Research Problem • Significance of the Research • Hypothesis • Aims / Objectives • Delimitation • Scope/Range in Time and Space • Population/Sample • A Specific Class, Group, Gender, Age etc.

  9. Report writing • 2: Literature Review • 3: Research Methodology • 3.1 Population and Sample • 3.2 Instruments of Data Collection • 4: Data Presentation and Analysis • 4.1 Presentation and analysis • 4.2 Tabulation etc. • 5: Conclusion • 5.1 Suggestions • 5.2 Recommendations • 5.3 Lesson Plans • 5.4 Other Alternatives • 6: References and Bibliography

  10. Academic Writing for other Purposes • ??-------------- • ??------------- • ??--------- • ??---------

  11. Activity • Q 1: How would you write the reference of the material that you have taken from television? • Q 2: How would you write the reference of the material you have taken from an unpublished thesis?