Objectives of today's lesson • Self Assessment (Quick Scan Organisation) • Elements of a Field Security Plan (FSP) • Case Study Bekuran
Statistics Major attacks on aid workers: Summary statistics, 2002-2012 * Victims survived or not yet determined (those killed while kidnapped are counted under ‘killed’ totals) ** Local (host country) non-governmental organisations and National Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies Source: Aid Worker Security Report 2013 – Humanitarian Outcomes
Vulnerability to violence • More NGOs are working in the field, closer to violence (humanitarian space challenged) • Rise in criminality and banditry worldwide • Loss of the perception that aid agencies are neutral, impartial and non political • Perception of aid agencies being "wealthy targets” • Perception that aid agencies are a "soft target"
Objectives of Organisational Security Management • To enable the continuation of (humanitarian) operations under insecure conditions • To provide adequate safety & security requirements for staff • To protect the materials & premises and safeguard name and reputation of the organisation
Levels of responsibility Organisational Level – HQ • Organisation-wide security policies, protocols, and general guidelines Local (Field) Level – operational • Local Security Plans, adapted to local situation Personal Level – acceptance • Personal responsibility: awareness and compliance
Self Assessment Organisation CSD Matrix
1. Context analysis Internal Analysis • Mission, Vision and Values • Mandate and Reputation • Organisational Capacity External Analysis • General Context Analysis • Conflict Dynamics • Criminal Activity • Actor Analysis • Incident Mapping
2. Risk Assessment Threat • A danger to you, your organisation or your property Vulnerability • Your level of exposure to a particular threat
Risk Analysis Probability Impact
3. Risk reduction strategies Acceptance Reducing threats by gaining acceptance of the environment for presence and work of agency Protection Reducing vulnerability through protective procedures and devices; (unarmed) guards, alarm systems, barbed wire Deterrence Containing threats through deterrent actions F.e. armed guards
4. Standard Operational Procedures (SOPs) SOPs are: • Securityrelatedrules and procedures thatapply to the areayouwork/live in. • Location and organisationspecificrules and procedures. Common SOPs: • Personal Safety and Security • Language and Communications • Vehicle Travel and Movement • Site Security • Staff Health and Welfare • Financial Security • Information Management • Security Incident Reporting
5. Contingency planning • Medical Emergency • Natural/Manmade Disasters • Hostage Taking • Death Threats • Hibernation/Relocation/Evacuation
6. Incident reporting & analysis • What is an incident? • Reporting procedures • Sharing information Immediate incident report • Who, What, Where, When Full incident report • Full chronological account of the incident Near miss incident • Should always result in a full incident report!