Industrial Revolution By J. Collins
Industrial Revolution The IR is when people stopped making stuff at home and started making stuff in factories.
Cotton gin • His cotton gin removed the seeds out of raw cotton.
Steam Engine • The steam engine was not just a transportation device. It ran entire factories the way rivers used to.
Transcontinental RR • The transcontinental railroad made travel across the country faster, cheaper and more efficient.
Canals • Canals are manmade waterways dug between 2 large bodies of water. • The Erie Canal was a short cut from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.
Panama Canal • The Panama Canal was a shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific (or backwards).
Telegraph • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. It communicated using a series of beeps (Morse code).
telephone • Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
Robber Barons • Andrew Carnegie owned US Steel.
Robber Barons • John D. Rockefeller owned the railroads and the oil industries
Monopoly • Carnegie and Rockefeller ran their competition out of business. • A monopoly is when one company controls the entire industry.
Thomas Edison • The light bulb allowed factories to work at night.
Edison’s inventions • Motion picture camera
Pull factors • Immigrants come to the USA for jobs and opportunities.
Push factors • Push factors are bad stuff to push immigrants away like war or disease. This is potato famine.
Child labor • Many immigrants put their children to work ASAP.
Child labor • Shoeshine boys
Child labor • Bowling pin boys
Child labor • Coal miner boys
Child labor • Young miner
Girls were preferred over boys. They were paid less, had smaller hands.
Progressivism • Progressivism is a series of reform movements during the late 1800 and early 1900s.