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Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

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Industrial Revolution

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  1. Industrial Revolution By J. Collins

  2. Industrial Revolution The IR is when people stopped making stuff at home and started making stuff in factories.

  3. Cottage Industry

  4. Factory system

  5. Cotton gin • His cotton gin removed the seeds out of raw cotton.

  6. Steam Engine • The steam engine was not just a transportation device. It ran entire factories the way rivers used to.

  7. Steam engine

  8. Railroads

  9. Transcontinental RR • The transcontinental railroad made travel across the country faster, cheaper and more efficient.

  10. The transcontinental RR met in Utah

  11. Canals • Canals are manmade waterways dug between 2 large bodies of water. • The Erie Canal was a short cut from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.

  12. Erie Canal 1825

  13. Panama Canal • The Panama Canal was a shortcut from the Atlantic to the Pacific (or backwards).

  14. Panama Canal

  15. Telegraph • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. It communicated using a series of beeps (Morse code).

  16. telephone • Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.

  17. Robber Barons • Andrew Carnegie owned US Steel.

  18. Steel Mill at night.

  19. Robber Barons • John D. Rockefeller owned the railroads and the oil industries

  20. Monopoly • Carnegie and Rockefeller ran their competition out of business. • A monopoly is when one company controls the entire industry.

  21. Thomas Edison • The light bulb allowed factories to work at night.

  22. Phonograph

  23. Edison’s inventions • Motion picture camera

  24. Immigration

  25. Pull factors • Immigrants come to the USA for jobs and opportunities.

  26. Pull factors are good stuff to bring immigrants here like jobs.

  27. Jobs pulled immigrants here.

  28. Free land was a pull factor

  29. Push factors • Push factors are bad stuff to push immigrants away like war or disease. This is potato famine.

  30. Many immigrants lived in tenements.

  31. tenement

  32. Child labor • Many immigrants put their children to work ASAP.

  33. Child labor • Shoeshine boys

  34. Child labor • Bowling pin boys

  35. Child labor • Coal miner boys

  36. Child labor • Young miner

  37. Girls were preferred over boys. They were paid less, had smaller hands.

  38. Any questions before quiz?

  39. Progressivism

  40. Progressivism • Progressivism is a series of reform movements during the late 1800 and early 1900s.