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S.TOME AND PRINCIPE Fisheries Crime PowerPoint Presentation
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S.TOME AND PRINCIPE Fisheries Crime

S.TOME AND PRINCIPE Fisheries Crime

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S.TOME AND PRINCIPE Fisheries Crime

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  1. S.TOME AND PRINCIPEFisheries Crime Natacha Amado Vaz Copenhagen, October 2018

  2. Objectives of the Presentation • Presentation of the country and the geographical environment (geographical characteristics) • Legislation in force and ratified conventions • National structures (internal bodies) governing the fisheries • Illegal fishing • Impact

  3. GeographicCharacteristics • Land territory: 1001 km² (about 5.6 times thesizeof Washington D.C) • Extensionofthecostline: 209 Km (143 Sao Tome and 66 Principe) • Exclusive Economic Zone. : 160.000 Km2 • Localization: GulfofGuinea • 300 km from West Gabon • 450 km SouthofNigeria • Population: 200 thousand(2007 INE) (42 % of which under 15 yrs. old) • The capital cityislocatedalongbays: Nazaré, Ana Chaves & Pantufo

  4. Legislation in force and ratified conventions • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), • Code of conduct for responsible fishing (1995) etc. • Decree-Law No 09/2001: Law on Fisheries and Fishery Resources • Decree-Law 28/2012: Fisheries Regulation • Draft law on VMS

  5. Fishing agreement STP / U.E. • • Supervision agreement between STP / GABÃO • • Fisheries and Coastal Surveillance Agreement • • Note: 22.11.2016 - STP ratified the FAO Agreement (2009) on Port State Measures; • • Law no. 13/2007: Maritime Safety and Pollution Prevention at Sea Act of 11 September • • Decree-Law no. 13/2007 of 11 September • • STP / Portugal Agreement: EEZ patrol (Portuguese navy ship)

  6. STP experience in thefightagainst IUU fishing 2016: 4 patrols being, 3 under agreement with Gabon and 1 using Coast Guard vessel; Result: Detention of a foreign vessel; Infractions: 1. Entry into zee without communicating; 2. Fishing log with incomplete information; 3. Fishing and separation of the head and fins of the body; 4. Fishing with gears for shark and non-tuna fishing; Punishment: fine of 66000 Euros, deposited in the public treasury and the ship was released.

  7. Impact of illegal fishing on STP Being a developing country, the fishing activity is one of the economic activities of the country, but mainly of subsistence. A considerable part of the population lives on fisheries and fish, in fact, the basis of feeding in PTS is fish. Given the existence of vessels in our waters that may engage in illegal fishing and even artisanal fishing, they have led to the destruction of marine habitats, weakened coastal communities and impoverished stocks. And the reduction of fish along the coast means that national anglers who use canoes risk venturing out of the coastal zone, leading to many being lost on the high seas or giving the coast of other countries, putting the their life at risk, taking into account the type of vessel used;

  8. In the context of public policies, the successive governments foresee the development of controlled industrial fishing, with the collaboration of international partners, as one of the ways of developing economic activity.

  9. Thank you.