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Fisheries and Trade

Fisheries and Trade

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Fisheries and Trade

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  1. Fisheries and Trade SouthEastAsia Fishers for Justice Pepe Tanchuling Coordinator

  2. Reality Given in Fisheries • Common Property , Open Access Management System • Most traded Agricultural Product, • Biological Limits, Carrying Capacity • Most Vulnerable Sector on Changing Climate • Concentration of Poorest Population • Precautionary Principle

  3. Current Issues in NAMA-Deeper cuts for developing countries  thandeveloped countries (so where is the S and D for smaller economies?) -Tariff cuts now linked with flexibility—meaning the greater flexibility you invoke, the greater tariff reduction you will need to do and vise versa--Anti-concentration—is the current provision in NAMA that will essentially prevent countries from producing all  supply chain inputs • WTO - Non Agricultural Market Access

  4. Regional and National Trade Agreements (ASEAN) • 0 – 5 % tariff by 2015 • Harmonization of product procedures and standards • Integration to global economy • Single market • Predictability of the Market • RECIPE for Trade Liberalization

  5. Implications • Government Promotion of High Value Fish Species through Aquaculture and Marine culture….heavily dependent to trash fish from capture fisheries • De link small producer to the processing plants, using imported fish for processing and canning plants

  6. Implication • Dual Market ( domestic and International market), two product standards • Overfishing and Overcapacity • Violation of Fishery Rights , • Poverty

  7. Aquaculture Expansion Mekong Delta (MCD) Shrimp Aquaculture Catfish Aquaculture

  8. Growth of Fishing & Aquaculture production in Indonesia (1950-2006) KIARA . (Fishstat, 2008)‏

  9. Industrial aquaculture expansion and mangrove degradation KIARA. a. Kejahatan lingkungan: Pesisir Lampung Citra Satelit 1982 Sekitar 80% mangrove musnah

  10. Fish Density T / km2 1960 2000 WHAT HAS HAPPENED?Where are the fish?

  11. Action • Domestic Subsidy • Fish Trading based on Biological Limits • Prioritize development of coastal fisheries, addressing food security and sovereignty • Improve Post Harvest Facilities at the village level • Realize Preferential Rights of Fishers on Coastal Fisheries