2nd Chronicles A History of God’s People in Worship
Purpose of the Books of Chronicles • To set forth a record of the priestly worship of God’s people from David to the exile • To give the fulfillment of the promises of the Mosaic Law regarding faithfulness and unfaithfulness to the covenant • To show the importance of the Scriptures in providing the rule of faith for God’s people
Temple Temple David’s City
2 Chronicles 7:1-2 1Now when Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house. 2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD filled the LORD's house.
ASSYRIA Solomon’s Kingdom EGYPT
Rehoboam • Kingly Succession • A Divided Kingdom
Dan ISRAEL Samaria Penuel Shechem Bethel JUDAH
Asa • Period of Reformation And Asa did good and right in the sight of the LORD his God, 3 for he removed the foreign altars and high places, tore down the sacred pillars, cut down the Asherim, 4 and commanded Judah to seek the LORD God of their fathers and to observe the law and the commandment. (2 Chronicles 14:2-4).
Asa • Period of Reformation • Ethiopian Invasion Now Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and 300 chariots, and he came to Mareshah. 10 So Asa went out to meet him, and they drew up in battle formation in the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. (2 Chronicles 14:9-10).
Asa • Period of Reformation • Ethiopian Invasion 11 Then Asa called to the LORD his God, and said, "LORD, there is no one besides Thee to help in the battle between the powerful and those who have no strength; so help us, O LORD our God, for we trust in Thee, and in Thy name have come against this multitude. O LORD, Thou art our God; let not man prevail against Thee." (2 Chronicles 14:11).
Asa • Period of Reformation • Ethiopian Invasion So the LORD routed the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled. (2 Chronicles 14:12).
Asa • Period of Reformation • Ethiopian Invasion • Blessings of Reformation And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin and those from Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon who resided with them, for many defected to him from Israel when they saw that the LORD his God was with him. (2 Chronicles 15:9).
Asa • Period of Reformation • Ethiopian Invasion • Blessings of Reformation • Assistance from Aram against Bashan At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, "Because you have relied on the king of Aram and have not relied on the LORD your God, therefore the army of the king of Aram has escaped out of your hand.” (2 Chronicles 16:7).
JUDAH ASA Jehoshaphat Ahaziah Joram Athaliah Jehoram Ahaziah Joash SIDON ISRAEL Ethbaal (Itto-Baal) OMRI Jezebel Ahab He was hidden with them in the house of the Lord six years while Athaliah reigned over the land (1 Chronicles 22:12).
Uzziah • Right in the sight of the Lord • Prosperity • Pride • Leprosy
Jotham • Right in the sight of the Lord, but he did not enter the temple Ahaz • He did not do right in the sight of the Lord • Defeat and the hands of Aram and Israel • Assyria
Assyria Aram Israel Jerusalem EGYPT
Hezekiah • Restoration of the Temple • Passover Observance
2 Chronicles 30:1 Now Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover to the LORD God of Israel.
2 Chronicles 30:6 And the couriers went throughout all Israel and Judah with the letters from the hand of the king and his princes, even according to the command of the king, saying, "O sons of Israel, return to the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that He may return to those of you who escaped and are left from the hand of the kings of Assyria.
Hezekiah • Restoration of the Temple • Passover Observance • Restoration of worshipers • Sennacherib’s Invasion Manaseh • Idolatry • Babylon Amon
2 Chronicles 34:1-2 1 Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. 2 And he did right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the ways of his father David and did not turn aside to the right or to the left.
2 Chronicles 34:3-4 3 For in the eighth year of his reign while he was still a youth, he began to seek the God of his father David; and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, the Asherim, the carved images, and the molten images. 4 And they tore down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and the incense altars that were high above them he chopped down; also the Asherim, the carved images, and the molten images he broke in pieces and ground to powder and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them.
2 Chronicles 34:6-7 6 And in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, even as far as Naphtali, in their surrounding ruins, 7 he also tore down the altars and beat the Asherim and the carved images into powder, and chopped down all the incense altars throughout the land of Israel. Then he returned to Jerusalem.
Scythians Carchemish Medes Assyria Megiddo Babylon EGYPT
Joahaz Eliakim (Jehoiakim) Zedekiah Jeconiah (Jehoiachin) Josiah
610 600 590 580 570 560 550 540 530 Amos Babylonian Captivity Return from Exile Kings of Judah Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed Joel? Zephaniah The Prophet of Social Justice Daniel Jeremiah Habakkuk Obadiah? Ezekiel
Lydians Medes Persians Babylon