Global Climate Change Issues: The Middle East Researched and compiled by Sami A. Habayeb, GEO 109, Winter 2008
The Middle East http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast.asp
Problems in the Middle East • Rise in Sea Surface Temperature • Evidence through coral bleaching • Rise in Global Temperature • Its effects on NAO, and intensity of seasons • Rise in Sea level • Wipes out cities in: Egypt (most cities), Tunisia, Qatar, Libya, UAE, and Kuwait.
Coral Bleaching • Effects being seen in Aqaba, and east tip of Red Sea. • Effects of coral bleaching of fish, and sea ecosystem.
Water Shortage • More intense summers, and more intense winters. • Increase in evaporation will reduce water supplies, and intensify rain seasons. • Drought and the effect of surface run off on dams and cities. • Inefficient use of water irrigation techniques • The shortage of fresh water
Solution to Water Problems • General solutions to water problems would be better water irrigation methods. • Harvesting rain water. • Increase in population means need to be more conservative with water supplies. • Awareness to people. • Waste water management. • Desalination.
Conclusion • Issues affecting Middle East: • Increase in sea level, and threat to cities • Increase in season intensities, much hotter summers, and more aggressive winters • Evaporation of water, its effect on water basins. And threat of famine that is related to water shortage. • Methods of Conservation and awareness. • Adapting to those changes
Sources • Coral Beaching Picture: http://www.stormcenter.com/media/envirocast/archive/060912/060912_07.jpg • Coral bleaching Diagram: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0006/13749/Bleaching-and-mortality-dia.gif • Climate.org: http://www.climate.org/2002/topics/climate/impacts_me.shtml • IRIN: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=77062 • The world bank • Papers: • Nature: Increased seasonality in Middle East temperatures during the last interglacial period, Felis Thomas, march 2004 • Social Science Research Network: Climate Change and Water Resources in the Middle East: Vulnerability, Socio-Economic Impacts, and Adaptation, El-Faddel, Bou-Ziad, 2001