ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY(AEA)SRI LANKA By H.M.N.R. Bandara Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Capital & Large City: Colombo Land Area: 65,610 sq km Population (2007 est.): 20,926,315 Growth Rate: 1.0% Infant Mortality rate: 19.5/1000 Life Expectancy: 74.8 Years Literacy Rate: 92% Monetary Unit: Sri Lanka Rupee Languages: Sinhala 74% (Official and National), Tamil 18% (National), Other 8% English is commonly used Religions: Buddhist 70%, Islam 8%, Hindu 7%, Christian 6% Brief Description about Sri Lanka
Introduction to the AEA • Establishment – By AEA Act No 19 of 1969 • Functions under the purview of Ministry of Science and Technology • Managed by a Board of Directors comprising of Seven Members. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Vision of the AEA To be a center of excellence, with emphasis on national relevance and international recognition, for activities related to peaceful applications of nuclear technology with due consideration to safety. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
The Mission of the AEA • Utilization of nuclear technology to its maximum potential with reference to quality and quantity in a cost effective manner, for socio-economic development of the country. • Implementation of a regulatory programme conforming to international standards on radiation safety, to ensure protection of workers, public and the environment from potentially harmful effects of ionizing radiation. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
SWOT Analysis on AEA • S -Strengths • W -Weaknesses • O -Opportunities • T -Threats ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Strengths • Well trained employees in various disciplines • Availability of laboratory complex • Self-reliance and sustainability. • The introduction of commercial uses of nuclear technologies, such as gamma irradiation for industrial and agricultural products. • Many nuclear based technologies are now well established in the AEA and there are clients obtaining services from these technologies. • The Nuclear Analytical Techniques (NAT) laboratory of the AEA obtained national accreditation conforming to ISO/IEC 17025 in 2007. • Availability of instruments required for accurate measurement of radiation doses for radiation safety so that protection of workers and the general public can optimized. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Weaknesses • Limited opportunities for research and development in many areas of nuclear science due to non-availability of resources for such works. • The available resources are not adequate to cope with the planned programmes and demands for services in radiation protection, non-destructive testing (NDT), repair and maintenance of nuclear instruments, environmental monitoring and emergency preparedness. • Available equipments are now outdated or malfunctioning • Inadequate publicity of services provided by AEA. • Outdated Act • Inability to compete with Private Sectors ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Opportunities • Assistance and cooperation received from IAEA, JICA,KOICA, RCARO, MEXT etc. • Availability of opportunities in development programmes in other sectors where nuclear technology could play a role. • Potential to increase the client base for the services provided by AEA in existing technical areas. • New opportunities arise due to multi disciplinary nature of nuclear technology. • Budgetary allocation made by Government. • Rules and regulations of Government. Eg. Disseminations of regulations for food preservation using ionizing radiation and for the marketing of irradiated food. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Threats • Lack of opportunities for staff to obtain postgraduate degrees in areas specific to their work. • Inability to compensate staff for good performance and increased income generation by providing benefits and rewards. • Inability to provide immediate relief to staff with regard to basic amenities such as transport, housing and social security. • Confusing situation with regard to revision of salaries and other emoluments for staff. • Fiscal measures adopted by the Government for curtailment of expenditure, resulting in inability to achieve the goals as planned. • Nuclear Technology is expensive and it needs to compete with conventional methods in most areas. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
MAIN AREAS OF ACTIVITIES • Coordination of the Programmes of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the Country • Scientific Programmes • Regulatory Programme • Publicity Programmes • Research and Development Programmes ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
COORDINATION OF THE IAEA PROJECTS IN SRI LANKA(Division of HRD & International Cooperation) • Atomic Energy Authority (AEA) functions as the focal point of the IAEA activities in Sri Lanka and it co-ordinates the medical, agricultural, and industrial projects supported by the IAEA. • It coordinates IAEA expert missions, equipment and fellowships awarded by the IAEA to Sri Lankan scientists, medical professionals etc. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Projects TC Projects 2007 05 TC Projects approved for 2009/11 05 RCA Projects 2007/08 Agriculture 03 Health 05 Industrial 03 Environment 02 Radiation Protection 02
Scientific ProgrammesPerformed by Three Scientific Divisions of AEA • Non-Destructive Testing Programmes • Gamma Irradiation Services for R & D • Gamma Spectroscopic Analysis • Personnel Dosimetry • Repair and Calibration of Nuclear • Electronic Equipment • Research & Development Programmes - Industrial Application Division General Scientific Division All Divisions ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Programmes(NDT Section) NDT Section Functions under the Industrial Applications Division of which the Mission is to promote and utilize of Nuclear Technology for enhancement of Quality, Safety and Productivity in industrial sector. The Non Destructive Testing (NDT) Section of AEA trains NDT personnel and promotes Non Destructive Testing Technique in industry. Those who are trained can easily find employments in Sri Lanka as well as overseas. ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
NDT Programmea (Cont..) Petroleum Corporation ( Oil & Gas Pipelines and Storage Tanks) Ship Building Industry Aerospace Industry (Inspection of Air Crafts) Industries engaged in Building and Fabricating / Steel Structures Power Industry (Ceylon Electricity Board) NDT services are provided to government and private institutes such as Kalanitissa Power Station, Uni Livers, Sapugaskanda Refinery etc. on regular basis ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Nuclear Analytical Testing (NAT) Section • Mission of NAT is to provide quality Nuclear Analytical Testing services in compliance with international standards to fulfill customer satisfaction • NAT laboratory of the AEA is the only laboratory in Sri Lanka for radioactivity measurements which has obtained national accreditation in compliance with ISO IEC 17025 from the National Accreditation Board of Sri Lanka ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Services Provided by the NAT Laboratory • Radioactivity measurements in milk food and export products (Tea, Coconut etc.) • Environmental radioactive assessments • Measurements of heavy metal contamination in food and other materials
NUMBER OF SAMPLES SCREENED FOR CONTAMINATION ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Radiation Processing Services(RP Section) • Mission of RP Section is Utilization of radiation technology in a cost effective manner to develop value added products for socio economic development in Sri Lanka • The Sri Lankan government has allocated funds for the establishment of a commercial scale Multi Purpose Gamma Irradiation Facility (MGIF). Once it is established it will cater to the medical product manufacturers, exporters of spices etc. and earn foreign exchange. It will also create employment.
Application with MGIF • Immediate applications • Sterilization of surgical and medical products • Decontamination of spices, seasonings and dried vegetables • Decontamination of medical herbs, Ayurvedic products, health diet supplements • Sterilization of food and pharmaceutical packaging • Decontamination of dried pharmaceutical and cosmetic ingredients
Beneficiaries • Producers of rubber latex gloves and • their employees • Exporters of agricultural products • including seafood • Producers of new medical products • and their employees • Patients • General public
Calibration and Maintenance of Nuclear Electronic Equipments Calibration and Maintenance of Nuclear Electronic Equipments are done by the General Scientific Division Mission of General Scientific Division is Provision of excellent support services in nuclear instrumentation for implementation of a sustainable nuclear technology program in the country.
Personal Monitoring Service General Scientific Division of AEA provides a personal monitoring service for about 1350 radiation workers island-wide, using Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (TLDs). The monitoring period is two months and new TLDs are provided to the users at the end of each monitoring period
Regulatory ProgrammesRadiation Protection Division AEA functions as the National Regulatory Authority in the use of radiation and radioisotopes to ensure the protection of the workers, the public and the environment from potentially harmful effects of ionizing radiation
Activities on Regulatory Programmes • Preparing manuals on Radiological emergency response and planning was prepared, Radiation Safety, Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology etc. • Providing advisory services • Radiation Protection Inspections etc.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT • RADIATION PROCESSING OF NATURAL POLYMERS AS A WOUND DRESSING FOR BURNT PATIENTS • MONITORING AIR-POLLUTION USING NUCLEAR TECHNIQUES ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Several Success Stories of the IAEA Projects 1.Human Tissue Bank (HTB): A HTB has been established by the Eye Donation Society in collaboration with the AEA & Ministry under the technical cooperation programme of the IAEA. It provides Radiation Sterilized human tissues obtained from cadavers to be grafted to patients in hospitals.
Processing of Human Tissues at HTB before radiation sterilization for grafting
2. Monitoring of Chemical Residues & Food Borne Pathogens for Livestock & Aquatic Products Project Site: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Peradeniya
3. Molecular Diagnosis of Dengue in Sri Lanka • A novel rapid laboratory diagnostic assay has been found by University of Kelaniya, Faculty of Medicine • It provides molecular diagnostic services to major infectious diseases.
4. Mutation Breeding of Banana Plant • A high yielding Banana Species has been found by the researchers of the University of Colombo. This project was coordinated by the AEA and supported by the IAEA
MEMBERS OF THE NUCLEAR KNOWLEDGE BASE - ESTIMATED NUMBERS in SRL 2006 • MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHERS ~ 340 • DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGISTS AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE SPECIALISTS ~ 70 • ONCOLOGISTS ~ 18 • MEDICAL PHYSICISTS ~ 06 • AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ~ 60 • UNIVERSITY STAFF ~ 50 • INDUSTRY ~ 600 • RADIATION SAFETY ~ 50 ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, SRI LANKA
Annex 1: Proposed Organizational Structure for the Atomic Energy Authority (to be considered in drafting a new Act) MINISTER OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN & BOARD OFMANAGEMENT EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR GENERAL MANAGER, GAMMA IRRADIATOR DIVISION HEAD & REGULATORY ADVISORY BOARD SCIENTIFIC SECRETARY ADMINISTRATIVE SECRETARY DEPUTY DIRECTOR, LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION DEPUTY DIRECTOR, INDUSTRIALAPPLICATION DIVISION DEPUTY DIRECTOR, GENERAL SCIENTIFICDIVISION DEPUTY DIRECTOR, FINANCE &SUPPLIES DIVISION DEPUTY DIRECTOR, HUMANRESOURCE DEVELOPMENT & INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION DIVISION DEPUTY DIRECTOR, RADIATION SAFETY REGULATORYDIVISION OTHER STAFF Head . Nuclear analytical service section Head, Radiation Processing Section Head, Non- Destructive testing Section InternationalCooperation Establishment General Administration Accountant Internal Auditor Acc. Asst. SSO-4 SSO-1 SS IO Cl/Ty AO SO-2 SO-2 SO-2 SO-2 SO TA Cl/Ty SA SA TA-1 TA-1 CC TA-1 Cl/Ty Cl/Typist Cl/Ty