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Exploring the Basics of Windows XP

Exploring the Basics of Windows XP

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Exploring the Basics of Windows XP

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  1. Exploring the Basicsof Windows XP Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  2. Objectives • Start Windows XP and tour the desktop • Explore the Start menu • Run software programs, switch between them, and close them • Manipulate windows • Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  3. Objectives • Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer • Change the view of the items in your computer • Get help when you need it • Shut down Windows Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  4. Starting Windows XP • Windows XP • Starts when computer is turned on • Elements of the desktop • Icon • Pointer • Desktop • Date/Time control • Taskbar • Start button • Notification area Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  5. Starting Windows XP Figure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  6. Starting Windows XP • Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface • Graphical user interface (GUI) • Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer • Icons: Pictures of familiar objects Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  7. The Windows XP Desktop • Desktop • Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts • A workspace for projects and tools • Uses default settings when the computer is first started • Default settings: settings preset by the operating system • Appearance can be changed by the user Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  8. Using a Pointing Device • A pointing device • Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen • Comes in many shapes and sizes • Mouse • Most common pointing device Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  9. Pointing • Pointing device • Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop • Pointing • Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  10. Pointing • ScreenTips • Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects • Display the purpose or function of the object • Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  11. Clicking • Clicking • Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it • Menu • A list of options which can be used to perform tasks • Submenus • Start menu • Appears when the Start button is clicked • Provides access to programs, documents, etc. Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  12. Clicking Figure 1-6 shows the Start menu Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  13. Selecting • Selecting a menu command • Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP • Pointing to an object • Pointing to and then clicking an object • A selected object is highlighted Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  14. Selecting Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  15. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin • Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin • Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  16. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  17. Right-Clicking • Right-clicking • Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse • Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu • Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  18. Right-Clicking Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  19. Exploring the Start menu Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  20. Starting and Closing a Program • Starting a program • A program must be started before it can be used • To start a program • Click the Start button • Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus • An open or running program • A program which has been started Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  21. Starting and Closing a Program Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  22. Starting and Closing a Program • Program button • Appears on the taskbar for each open program • Click to switch between open programs • Close button • Located in the upper-right corner of the program window • Click to close the program Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  23. Starting and Closing a Program Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  24. Running Multiple Programs • Multitasking • Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time • Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time • The active program is the one you are currently using Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  25. Switching Between Programs • Program buttons • Located on the taskbar • Offer the easiest way to switch between programs Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  26. Closing Inactive Programs from the Taskbar • Options for closing a program • Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window • Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  27. Anatomy of a Window • A window • A rectangular area of the screen that may contain • A program • Text • Graphics • Data Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  28. Anatomy of a Window • Controls • Located in a window • Graphical or textual objects used for • Manipulating the window • Using the program • Examples • Menu bar • Sizing buttons • Status bar • Title bar • Toolbar • Workspace Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  29. Anatomy of a Window Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  30. Manipulating a Window Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  31. Moving a Window • To drag an object • Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse • To move a window • Drag the window by its title bar Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  32. Changing the Size of a Window • Options for changing a window’s size • Sizing handle • Located at the lower-right corner of the window • Window borders • Can be dragged left, right, up, or down Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  33. Changing the Size of a Window Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  34. Using Program Menus • Menus • Organize a program’s features and available functions • Menu bar • Typically located at the top of the program window • Shows the names of the menus Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  35. Selecting Options from a Menu • Menu items or commands • Choices for a menu • Appear when a menu name is clicked • Possible actions when clicked • Immediately carry out an action • Show submenus • Ask the user for more information about the desired action Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  36. Selecting Options from a Menu Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  37. Selecting Options from a Menu Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  38. Using Toolbars • Toolbars in the program window • Provide one-click access to frequently used commands • Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks • To perform a command • Select a toolbar button by clicking it Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  39. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars • List box • Displays a list of available choices • Usually includes • Array buttons • A scroll bar • A scroll box Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  40. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  41. Using Dialog Box Controls • Dialog box • Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected • Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task • Groups different kinds of information in panes • Panes: bordered rectangular areas Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  42. Using Dialog Box Controls Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  43. Exploring Your Computer Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  44. Changing the View • Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  45. Using Help • Windows XP Help • Provides on-screen information about programs • Available by • Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu • Windows Help and Support Center window • Provides access to • Help files stored on the computer • Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  46. Using Help Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  47. Using Help • Windows XP Help and Support window • Organizes information into pages • Home page • Index page • Favorites page • History page • Support page • Options page • Search box • Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP

  48. Shutting Down Windows XP • Turn Off Computer option • Located on the Start menu • Turns off the computer • Log Off option • Located on the Start menu • Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Windows XP