No Child Left Behind NSTA Summer Congress July, 2002
No Child Left Behind • NCLB is the reauthorized federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the federal law for K-12 education. Programs will begin Fall 2002 • Most sweeping change in federal law in a decade that affects virtually every public school in America.
No Child Left Behind • Three hallmarks of the new bill: testing flexibility accountability • All states will hold students and districts accountable for student proficiency gains by subgroups in math, reading, and eventually, science
NCLB: Testing and Accountability • States must ensure all students are tested annually in reading and math by the 2005-06 school year. • By 2007, all states must administer an annual assessment in science in at least one grade level: 3-5, 6-9 and 10-12.
NCLB: Testing and Accountability • States must set--then meet--annual yearly progress (AYP) targets toward the goal of having all children meet proficiency levels in core subjects by the 2013-14 school year. • Schools that fail to meet AYP face sanctions, including providing supplemental services, transportation to other schools, and restructuring.
NCLB: Highly Qualified Teachers • By the end of 2005-06 school year, all states must ensure that every classroom teacher is highly qualified. To meet this definition, teachers must be certified or licensed; hold a bachelor’s degree; and have demonstrated competencies in his or her teaching area, to be determined by the state.
NCLB: Highly Qualified Teachers States (and districts) must develop a measurable plan to increase the number of all core subject teachers who are highly qualified. This plan must include an increase in the number of teachers who are participating in high quality professional development.
NCLB: Title II Part A • To help districts and states reach the goal of having all highly qualified teachers, Congress created TITLE II, PART A, Improving Teacher Quality State Grants. • Under Title II Part A, $2.85 billion in FY 2002 will go to states based on formula
NCLB: Title II Part A • States MUST allocate 95 percent of these Title II funds to districts thru grants, also based on formula: 20 percent based on population, 80 percent on poverty. Schools MUST receive as much $ as they did for Ike and Class Size Reduction, then formula for additional $ kicks in.
NCLB: Title II Part A Districts must target funds to the schools with the highest # out of field teachers, high class size numbers, and schools targeted for improvement under Title I
NCLB: Title II, Part A • Title II Part A $2.85 billion is the combination of class size reduction program and Eisenhower state grants. Districts have expanded flexibility in the use of these funds, and are not required to use $$ just on math and science programs.
NCLB: Title II, Part A • BUT Congress intended that Title II funds CONTINUE to be used for science education.
NCLB: To Receive Title II Funds Districts apply to the state education agency for Title II Part A funds. First, the district must conduct a NEEDS ASSESSMENT of the teaching force. (Applications for FY2002 are already in, these requirements are for FY2003 applications.) *Teachers must be involved in the needs assessment!
NCLB: To Receive Title II Funds Using the results of the needs assessment, districts must develop a LOCAL IMPROVEMENT PLAN which will determine the activities the district will undertake to ensure ALL teachers are highly qualified. This plan must be included in the application to the state for Title II funds. (Applications for FY2003 funds) *Teachers must be involved in the Local Improvement Plan!
Title II Local Improvement Plan Must Include: • The results of the needs assessment. • Activities the district will carry out with funds, including professional development • How the activities are based on scientifically based research and why they are expected to increase student achievement
Title II Local Improvement Plan Must Include: • How district will ensure the professional dev needs of teachers will be met. • How the district will use the funds to increase the percentage of highly qualified teachers and increase the number of teachers receiving professional development. • How teachers, parents, etc. have collaborated to develop the local plan
Recruitment and Hiring (military, mid-careers, recent grads) Preparation: increase content knowledge Certification/Licensure/ Mentoring Ensuring quality (teacher testing) Retention efforts (merit pay, differential pay, performance bonuses) Accountability efforts NCLB: Title II Part A Funds Can Be Used For:
NCLB: Title II Part A Programs • Accountability: After 2 years without meeting annual goals/steps the state has determined to increase the number of highly qualified teachers, the district must develop strict improvement plan and the SEA must provide assistance. After 3 years, SEA steps in to provide prof dev.
NCLB: Title II Part A Programs • Districts must ensure the “equitable participation” of private schools in all Title II programs. • Funds can continue to be used to pay salaries of CSR teachers, no longer just at K-3 level. • Carry over funds from Class Size Reduction and Ike must be used in accordance with the new law.
NCLB: Flexibility at the District • Your district can opt to move 50 percent of its funds from one or all of four major federal programs: Teacher Quality (Title II), Education Technology (Title II Part D), Safe and Drug Free Schools (Title IV) and Innovative Education Programs (Title V) into Title I programs or any one of these programs.
NCLB: Flexibility • SO . . . 50 percent of Teacher Quality Title II funds can be moved to fund education technology programs or go to Title I programs. • BUT . . . 50 percent of Ed Tech funds, or Safe and Drug Free Schools, or Innovative Education Programs can be used for Title II Professional development including SCIENCE TEACHER TRAINING
NCLB and Professional Development States and districts must ensure that ALL core subject teachers, including science teachers, MUST be highly qualified by 2005-06. They must have a plan on how they will increase the # of highly qualified teachers, and increase the amount of professional development provided to teachers, including science teachers.
NCLB and Professional Development • Although the Eisenhower program is gone, Congress intends for districts to use Title II funds for science professional development. 50 % of funds from other federal programs can be used for Title II, science professional development. • States must begin testing students in science in 2007. Science teachers need continued professional development to help all students achieve in science.
NCLB and Professional Development • NSTA conventions and state conferences should be part of a science teacher’s individual professional development plan based on the school’s needs assessment. This individual professional development plan should be included in the district’s Local Improvement Plan. Teachers must be involved in developing the needs assessment and the Local Improvement Plan.
7 Quick Facts: NCLB • The law requires states to develop plans with annual measurable objectives that will ensure that all math and science teachers are “highly qualified” by the end of the 2005-2006 school year. (Highly qualified means all teachers must be certified or licensed, hold a bachelor’s degree, and have demonstrated competencies in his or her teaching area, as determined by the state.)
Quick Facts: NCLB 2. Over $2.8 billion will be made available to school districts nationwide under Title II Part A, Improving Teaching Quality State Grants, during the 2002-2003 school year. 3. While there is no set-aside for math and science in Title II, all of the funding that a district receives for Title II can be used for professional development, including math and science professional development if a district so chooses.
Quick Fact: NCLB 4. In order for a district to continue to receive Title II funding after the 2002-03 school year, it must conduct a assessment of its professional development and hiring needs. This needs assessment must be carried out with the involvement of teachers.
Quick Facts: NCLB 5. In order for a district to receive Title II funding, it must submit to the state an application which includes a plan to improve teacher quality, based on the results of the needs assessment. Teachers must be involved in the preparation of this plan.
Quick Facts: NCLB 6. States will be required to test students in math and reading every year in grades 3 through 8. States must set—then meet—rigorous annual yearly progress marks toward having all students proficient in these areas by the end of the 2013-14 school year. States must administer an annual assessment of student achievement in science at least once in grades 3-5, 6-9, and 10-12, beginning in 2007.
Quick Facts: NCLB 7. Districts have flexible use of Title II funds. They can opt to move 50 percent of funds from one or all of four major federal programs (Teacher Quality State Grants, Education Technology, Safe and Drug Free Schools and Innovative Education Programs) into Title I programs, or into any one of these programs.
Title II, Part B: Math and Science Partnerships • M/S Partnerships will receive $12.5 million in FY 2002. Congressional authorizers had requested $450 mil for this program. • If yearly appropriations are above $100 million, $$ goes to the states. Partnerships apply to the State Education Agency for the competitive grants.
NCLB: For More Information • NSTA Website: www.nsta.org • Title II guidance: www.ed.gov/offices/OESE/SIP/TitleIIguidance2002.doc • EMAIL YOUR QUESTIONS TO: TitleIIA@ed.gov --or– NCLB@nsta.org