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Winter Fire Safety

Winter Fire Safety

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Winter Fire Safety

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  1. Winter Fire Safety Minnesota Department of Public Safety State Fire Marshal Division

  2. What is the leading cause of home fires in Minnesota? • Heating • Electrical • Cooking • Candles (Open Flame) • Cigarettes

  3. Leading Causes of Fires in Minnesota 76% of reported fires are in residential property • #1 - Cooking: 49% • #2 - Open Flame: 10% • #3 - Heating: 9% • #6 - Cigarettes: 4% *leading cause of fire fatalities • #8 - Electrical: 1%

  4. Reduce Your Chance of a Cooking Fire • Pay attention to your cooking! • If you leave the room, turn off the stove • Don’t cook if you’re sleepy or if you’re impaired • Keep flammable items away from heat sources • Curtains, potholders, towels, clothing, etc.

  5. Reduce Your Chance of a Cooking Fire • Clean your stovetop frequently to avoid grease build up • Keep flammable cleaners and other pressurized bottles away from heat sources

  6. If You Have a Grease Fire • Oil and water don’t mix! Never add water to a grease fire • Turn off the burner • Cover the pan with a lid or cookie sheet to cut off the oxygen • Don’t move the pan, the hot grease that could severely burn you • Leave your home and call 9-1-1

  7. What is the top day for candle related home fire in the U.S.? • Halloween • Christmas Day • New Years Day • Easter • Christmas Eve • Thanksgiving

  8. Top Days for Home Candle Fires • Christmas Day • Christmas Eve • New Year’s Day • Halloween • December 23

  9. Candle Safety Tips More than half of December home-decoration fires nationwide are started by candles • Use flameless candles when possible. • Always blow out candles when you leave the room or go to bed • Keep candles out of children’s reach • Have candles on a solid base

  10. Candle Safety Tips • Keep a “Circle of Safety” • Keep flammable materials one foot away from lit candles • Keep lit candles away from decorations and other things that can burn

  11. Heating Safety • In 2010, heating related fires were the 3rd leading cause of residential fires in Minnesota (375 fires) • 68% of those fires occurred in a fireplace or chimney area • Most chimney fires are due to a build up of creosote

  12. Heating Safety Heating Fires Peak 6:00 – 8:00 p.m. 26%: Failure to clean (creosote) Heating Fire Deaths Peak 12:00 – 2:00 a.m. 53% : Combustibles too close to heating equipment Half of all heating related fires occur in December, January & February

  13. Space Heater Safety • Over the past 5 years there have been 84 fires in Minnesota related to space heaters • Nationwide, almost 80% of heating related deaths are due to careless use of space heaters • Usually combustibles too close

  14. Smoking Related Fires • Ensure cigarettes are completely extinguished • Use a proper, heavy ashtray which won’t tip easily • Don’t extinguish cigarettes in planters • Cigarettes can smolder for hours

  15. Smoking Related Fires • Don’t smoke in bed • Don’t smoke if you’re tired, taking medications, or if you’ve been drinking or are otherwise impaired Smoking is the leading cause of fire deaths 20% of people that die in smoking related fires weren’t the smoker

  16. Electrical Safety Click on picture to see holiday fire safety PSA • Don’t overload outlets • Avoid putting cords across doorways • Do not link more than three light strands, unless directions indicate it is safe

  17. Oh Christmas Tree… • Make sure your tree gets plenty of water • Keep tree and other decorations out of exit pathways • Each year in the United States there are an estimated: • 250 home fires involving Christmas trees • 170 home fires involving holiday lights and other decorative lighting • These fires resulted in 21 deaths and 43 injuries Click on picture to see a watered vs. unwatered tree fire comparison

  18. Plan & Practice Your Home Escape Plan

  19. Important Safety Elements • Alarms • Smoke • Carbon Monoxide • Fire extinguishers • Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems

  20. Smoke Alarms Check them once a month Change the batteries once a year Replace them every 10 years There were 39 fire deaths in Minnesota in 2010 Only six of those deaths happened in homes with a working smoke alarm

  21. Alarm Placement & Maintenance • Make sure you can hear the alarm in every place in your home • They should be loud enough to wake you from sleep

  22. Carbon Monoxide Alarms • Carbon monoxide is an invisible, odorless, colorless gas • There is no way to detect it without an alarm • Minnesota law requires carbon monoxide alarms in all homes • within ten feet of all sleeping areas

  23. Carbon Monoxide Alarms • Symptoms of CO poisoning mimic flu-like symptoms • If you’re feeling symptoms, immediately move to an open window or go outdoors High levels of CO can be fatal, causing death within minutes

  24. Fire Extinguishers • There are different types of extinguishers • Each are labeled with letters or pictures • Make sure you have the right extinguisher for the type of fire When in doubt, get out!

  25. Fire Extinguishers • Learn how to use the fire extinguisher P – Pull A – Aim S – Squeeze the trigger S – Sweep back and forth at the base of the fire

  26. Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems Fire sprinkler systems save lives and reduce damage to your property. Only the sprinkler closest to the fire will activate, spraying water directly on the fire 90% of fires are contained by the operation of just one sprinkler

  27. If you have a fire… • Leave, close the door, and call 9-1-1 from outside • Report ALL fires to the fire department, even if you think you put them out! • Don’t ignore alarms! • Even if your building has frequent alarms, you need to leave when they go off • Once you’re out, STAY OUT! • Don’t go back inside for possessions or pets • Notify the fire department if anyone is unaccounted for