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fire safety PowerPoint Presentation
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fire safety

fire safety

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fire safety

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  1. fire safety

  2. IN THE EVENT OF FIRE Call Point • OPERATE CALL POINT • CLOSE DOORS • DO NOT RUN • FOLLOW THE EXIT SIGNS • GO TO YOUR ASSEMBLY POINT Fire Alarm

  3. EVACUATION • Use Your nearest available Fire Exit • Do not go back for personal belongings • Do not use Lifts • Do not re enter building till advised to do so

  4. MEANS OF ESCAPE • Keep all exit routes free from obstruction • There is emergency escape lighting in the corridor as well as the staircase

  5. Fire Action Sign

  6. Assembly Point Sign

  7. Flammable gases, liquids, solids Hot surfaces Electrical equipment Static electricity Smoking materials Naked flame Fuel heat Oxygen From the air Oxidising substances

  8. SOURCES OF FUEL • FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS • Ethanol, Acetone and a whole range of other solvents • FLAMMABLE GASES • Hydrogen, Acetylene • CARBONAECOUS MATERIALS • Wood (benches, furniture), Paper (tissues, books and office paperwork), cardboard (boxes), foam and plastics (packing materials, contents of upholstered furniture), textiles (clothing, curtains), animal bedding materials.

  9. SOURCES OF IGNITION • NAKED FLAMES • . Bunsen Burners • HOT SURFACES • . Hotplates • FAULTY ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT • Extension leads are a particular hazard and have caused fires in the past). • HEATERS • Radiant or other types of heaters • OBSTRUCTION OF EQUIPMENT VENTILATION • MACHINERY • Materials stored up against vents of fridges and centrifuges

  10. FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS • These require to be properly stored in a fire rated cabinet • These should have appropriate signage on them • Avoid excess storage of solvents • Should be handled in well ventilated areas ( Fume Cupboards) • Waste should be disposed of regularly • Fume Cupboards should not be used as storage areas

  11. FLAMMABLE GASES • Need to be secured • Regulators and accessories suitable for the purpose • Leak testing should be carried out

  12. P.A.T TESTING • All Electrical equipment should be subject to P.A.T.Testing • Extensions leads should be tested and ensure they are not being overloaded

  13. FIRE DOORS • All Fire Doors must be kept closed • when marked as Fire Door keep Shut • Unless they are electronically designed to shut on a fire activation

  14. FIRE DETECTIONANDWARNING • In some buildings there will be voice activated warning • In others either bells or sounders • There is Smoke Detection in corridors ,stairwells, and some laboratories • There is Heat Detection in plant rooms and kitchen areas • The alarm must be audible in all areas

  15. Carbon Dioxide Electrical Fire Blanket Wet Chemical Class F AFFF Foam Class A & B

  16. Key Points for use of Fire Extinguishers • Know how they operate • Always leave yourself an exit and ensure it is clear • Know the colour coding • Never attempt to fight a fire Unless it is Safe to do so • Remember it can be dangerous to use the wrong extinguisher • Do Not Use if you have not be Trained