FIRE SAFETY Preventing Fire Injury Incidents
FIRE REQUIREMENTS • Source of Fuel • Oxygen or other oxidizer • Source of ignition • Chemical chain reaction
FIRE CONTROL METHODS • Control source of fuel • Control source of oxygen • Control ignition source • Prevent chemical chain reaction
TO KNOW OR TO DO TODAY • Know emergency routes, procedures, and evacuation plans. Review often in staff meetings. • Know where fire extinguishers and manual alarms are located. • Know what is expected of you in an emergency. • Know all fire exits and where they lead. • Mentally practice going through evacuation process. • Physically practice the process at least quarterly.
TO KNOW OR TO DO TODAY • Treat every alarm as an actual emergency. • Know locations and types of fire extinguishers. • Know types and limitations of every fire extinguisher. • Apply safety guidelines at home and when traveling. • Never use exits not rated as fire exits. • Have at least two exit routes in different directions depending on fire location.
WHAT TO DO AT A FIRE • Foremost, make sure you are safe as possible at all times. • Call 7747!! • Turn off equipment, close doors, and help evacuate. • Decide if you should fight the fire.
SO YOU WANT TO FIGHT THE FIRE • Be sure the fire is confined and not spreading. • Be sure everyone has been evacuated. • Know precisely how you are going to attack the fire. • At all times, stay between the fire and one or more safe exits.
YOU ARE GOING TO LEAVE • Keep calm! Hurry, but don’t rush. • Turn off equipment, gather belongings, and advise others of intentions. • Close doors and windows. Do not lock. • Use nearest available safe fire exit. • Do not use elevator!
YOU ARE GOING TO LEAVE • Never open a door without feeling the knob and door with the back of the hand. If warm, do not open! • Keep as low as possible. Crawl if necessary. • Go directly to your assembly area. • Direct professionals to the fire. • Never return to a burning building!
IF YOU ARE TRAPPED • If possible, call 7747 and others. Let them know exactly where you are. • Do anything to buy time. Even seconds. • Distance yourself from the fire as much as possible.
IF YOU ARE TRAPPED • Seal cracks and vents as much as possible. • Cover mouth and nose with wet cloth. • Remain as low to the floor as possible. • Remember, gases and smoke from fire cause many more deaths than heat.
ASSISTING A BURN VICTIM • First, call emergency personnel. • Eliminate source of heat. • Remove smoldering clothing, jewelry, or other metallic materials. • If electrical, turn off power. • Hold burn area under cold water or gently rub with ice. Do not massage!
FIRE EMERGENCYCollege Procedure No. 3048 • Know exits, manual fire alarms, and fire extinguishers. • If fire is detected: • Activate manual fire alarm system. • Call 7747 and state location and severity of fire. • Determine if you are going to fight the fire.
FIRE EMERGENCYCollege Procedure No. 3048 • If the fire alarm sounds: • Always evacuate the building. • Direct students, employees, and visitors to nearest safe fire exit. • Direct persons to at least beyond the circle drive. • Re-enter building only when directed by Security.