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ITS in the United Kingdom

ITS in the United Kingdom

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ITS in the United Kingdom

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  1. ITS in the United Kingdom Neal Skelton Head of Professional Services ITS United Kingdom

  2. UK ITS Activities - Overview • Scope of Presentation • ITS development in UK • Current and Future Activities • Impacts and Evaluation • Policy • Implementation issues

  3. ITS Development in United Kingdom • 1960’s • Early coordinated Traffic Control • 1970’s • Urban Traffic Control (TRANSYT) in major cities • Motorway monitoring and CCTV • 1980’s • SCOOT dynamic control • Variable message signs • 1990’s • Mobile information services to vehicles • Passenger information systems introduced in major cities • Freight vehicle fleet management including vehicle tracking • Driver assistance systems developed • 2000’s • Driver assistance systems available • Congestion charging introduced in London – 2003 and 2006 • Commercial information systems available • Wide area integrated traffic management schemes

  4. What is ITS? • ITS = Intelligent Transport Systems • Combined Information Technology & Telecommunications • Applicable to road, rail, air and sea transport • Improves travel security and journey safety • Efficient transport using electronic systems to improve traffic control & enforcement of traffic regulations • Effective management of vehicle fleets • ‘On-line’ information - bus/train passengers

  5. ITS Technologies • ANPR = Automatic Number Plate Recognition • Terrorism / Crime / Intelligence • EVI = Electronic Vehicle Identification • Crime Reduction / Road User Charging • CCTV = ‘intelligent’ CCTV / EPOS / Facial Recognition / VOIP / WiIP

  6. ITS Technologies • ‘Speed’ cameras – road safety • ‘On–line’ travel booking • VMS = Variable Message Signs • Motorway Signs • Public Transport Displays • ‘Smart’ Ticketing • ‘Oyster’ Card • ‘Near Field’ Communication • Onboard ‘on-line’ technologies • ‘Real time’ - ‘in vehicle’ reports on status/location

  7. Role of ITS Technology in UK • Improve safety • Extend traveller information • Increase integration • Manage congestion • Improve journey time reliability • Reduce vehicle emissions

  8. UK - Passenger Kilometres Statistics Source – ‘Integrated Transport’ White Paper (1997) – Office of National Statistics

  9. Travel Modes (1980 – 2005) • Source - ‘Transport Trends 2006’ - UK Department for Transport Publication

  10. Interurban Controland Monitoring • 6,500 miles - Motorways and Trunk Road Network • Motorway connects major population centres • Trunk roads provide • Regional links • Access to motorway • 1740 miles proposed - £10Bn p.a.

  11. (MIDAS) - MotorwayAutomatic Incident Detection • Notifies congestion on motorways • Aims to reduce collisions by 18% • Messages automatically removed once normal traffic flow restored • Ten-year plan to extend use of MIDAS to all congested motorways

  12. Incident management • Early Detection • CCTV, MIDAS • Reaction • VMS, Media Report • Internet/WAP/3G • Liaison • Emergency Services • Agencies • Analysis • ‘Post-Event’ review

  13. M25 MotorwayLane Signalling/Speed Control Better use of Lanes Less driver stress Improved Safety More Reliable Journeys

  14. Active Traffic Management and Tools • ATM Management • Infrastructure - road used safely and efficiently • Real-time traffic monitoring - CCTV • ATM Tools • Access management (ramp-metering) • Lane signalling & speed control • ‘Hard shoulder running’ during peak periods • Integrated incident response

  15. National Traffic Control Centre • Public and Private Partnerships • Fully operational - 2003 • Collects ‘real-time’ data • Provides information to drivers • Variable Message Signs • Telephone, internet, media • Value Added Service Providers (VASPs) • National and Regional Centres • Decision support tools and traffic models

  16. Traffic Management & Control • National /Regional Control Centres linked to Urban Traffic Management Control systems • UTC, SCOOT, MOVA • Active monitoring • ‘Red Light’ & ‘Speed’ Cameras • CCTV camera systems • ‘Park & Ride’ schemes • Systems Integrated with Interurban Control • Web-site Information Services • Mobile Phones, Internet, Broadcast, 3rd party Suppliers

  17. Total Journey Information • Value Added Service Providers (VASPs) • Traveller information via own market routes • Pre-journey, En-Route, Destination • Widespread Roadside Information • VMS (bilingual and pictorial information) • Kiosks • Internet Protocols • Mobile Data • In-vehicle systems • WiFi /Wireline • WAP/3G /4G terminals • GSM • Broadcast Media • Digital TV/Radio - RDS-TMC • DAB

  18. ITS Impacts and Evaluation • ‘Transport Direct’ • Traffic and Travel Information Centres • Integration of modes • ‘Real-Time’ web-based information • ‘In-vehicle’ Information • Multi-Modal Mobile Information • Interactive TV Services

  19. Road Traffic – Vehicle Types • Volumes - Billion vehicle kilometres • Source – Department for Transport - Transport Statistics Great Britain (2006)

  20. Key issues and future considerations • EU Initiatives • 7th Framework Programme • CO2 Emissions • ‘Galileo’ – EU GNSS Satellite Network • ‘EU Transport Policy for 2010’ - Sustainable Mobility • Congestion – cost £17Bn p.a. • Road User Charging • Environment – ‘carbon footprint’ • Government publications • ‘Stern’ Report – environmental impact • ‘Eddington’ Report – sustainable transport • ‘Intelligent Infrastructure Systems’ - Foresight Project

  21. ITS in the United Kingdom Thank you for your attention Neal Skelton ITS United Kingdom