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Neck pain

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Neck pain

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  1. Neck​​​​pain Definition Neck pain is a common complaint. Neck muscles can be strained from poor posture-- whetherit's leaning over your computer or hunching over your workbench. Osteoarthritis also is acommon cause of neck pain. Rarely, neck pain can be a symptom of a more serious problem. Seek medical care if yourneck pain is accompanied by numbness or loss of strength in your arms or hands or if youhave shooting pain into your shoulder or down your arm. Symptoms Signs and symptoms include: ● Pain that's often worsened by holding your head in one place for long periods, such aswhen driving or working at a computer ● Muscle tightness and spasms ● Decreased ability to move your head ● Headache When to see a doctor Most neck pain improves gradually with home treatment. If not, see your doctor. Seek immediate care if severe neck pain results from an injury, such as a motor vehicleaccident, diving accident or fall. Contact a doctor if your neck pain: ● Is severe ● Persists for several days without relief

  2. ● Spreads down arms or legs ● Is accompanied by headache, numbness, weakness or tingling Causes Your neck is flexible and supports the weight of your head, so it can be vulnerable toinjuries and conditions that cause pain and restrict motion. Neck pain causes include: ● Muscle strains​​. Overuse, such as too many hours hunched over your computer or smartphone,often triggers muscle strains. Even minor things, such as reading in bed or gritting yourteeth, can strain neck muscles. ● Worn joints​​. Just like the other joints in your body, your neck joints tend to wear downwith age. Osteoarthritis causes the cushions (cartilage) between your bones (vertebrae) todeteriorate. Your body then forms bone spurs that affect joint motion and cause pain. ● Nerve compression​​. Herniated disks or bone spurs in the vertebrae of your neck can presson the nerves branching out from the spinal cord. ● Injuries​​. Rear-end auto collisions often result in whiplash injury, which occurs when thehead is jerked backward and then forward, straining the soft tissues of the neck. ● Diseases​​. Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis or cancer, can causeneck pain. Preparing for your appointment You might initially contact your family doctor about your neck pain, and he or she mayrefer you to: A doctor who specializes in nonoperative treatment of musculoskeletal conditions (physicalmedicine and rehabilitation).

  3. A doctor who specializes in arthritis and other diseases that affect the joints(rheumatologist). A doctor who specializes in treating nerve-related disorders (neurologist). A doctor who operates on bones and joints (orthopedic surgeon). What you can do. Before your appointment, you may want to write a list of answers to the followingquestions: ● When did your symptoms begin? ● Have you ever injured your neck? If so, when did the injury occur? ● Do any particular neck movements improve or worsen the pain? ● What medications and supplements do you take regularly? What to expect from your doctor. Your doctor might ask some of the following questions: ● Where exactly does your pain occur? ● Is the pain dull, sharp or shooting? ● Do you have numbness or weakness? ● Does the pain radiate into your arm? ● Is the pain made worse by straining, coughing or sneezing? ● Do you have other physical problems? Tests and diagnosis. Your doctor will take a medical history and do an exam. He or she will check fortenderness, numbness and muscle weakness, as well as see how far you can move your headforward, backward and side to side. Imaging tests. Your doctor might order imaging tests to get a better picture of the cause of your neckpain. Examples include:

  4. ● X-rays. X-rays can reveal areas in your neck where your nerves or spinal cord might bepinched by bone spurs or other degenerative changes. ● CT scan. CT scans combine X-ray images taken from many different directions to producedetailed cross-sectional views of the internal structures of your neck. ● MRI. MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create detailed images of bonesand soft tissues, including the spinal cord and the nerves coming from the spinal cord. It's possible to have X-ray or MRI evidence of structural problems in your neck withouthaving symptoms. Imaging studies are best used as an adjunct to a careful history andphysical exam to determine the cause of your pain. Other tests. ● Electromyography (EMG)​​. If your doctor suspects your neck pain might be related to apinched nerve, he or she might suggest an EMG. It involves inserting fine needles throughyour skin into a muscle and performing tests to measure the speed of nerve conduction todetermine whether specific nerves are functioning properly. ● Blood tests​​. Blood tests can sometimes provide evidence of inflammatory or infectiousconditions that might be causing or contributing to your neck pain. Treatments and drugs. The most common types of mild to moderate neck pain usually respond well to self-carewithin two or three weeks. If neck pain persists, your doctor might recommend othertreatments. Medications.

  5. Your doctor might prescribe stronger pain medicine than what you can get over-the-counter,as well as muscle relaxants and tricyclic antidepressants for pain relief. Therapy. ● Physical therapy​​. A physical therapist can teach you correct posture, alignment and neck-strengthening exercises, and can use heat, ice, electrical stimulation and other measuresto help ease your pain and prevent a recurrence. ● Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)​​. Electrodes placed on your skin nearthe painful areas deliver tiny electrical impulses that may relieve pain. ● Traction​​. Traction uses weights, pulleys or an air bladder to gently stretch your neck.This therapy, under supervision of a medical professional and physical therapist, mayprovide relief of some neck pain, especially pain related to nerve root irritation. ● Short-term immobilization​​. A soft collar that supports your neck may help relieve pain bytaking pressure off the structures in your neck. However, if used for more than threehours at a time or for more than one to two weeks, a collar might do more harm than good. Surgical and other procedures. ● Steroid injections​​. Your doctor might inject corticosteroid medications near the nerveroots, into the small facet joints in the bones of the cervical spine or into the musclesin your neck to help with pain. Numbing medications, such as lidocaine, also can beinjected to relieve your neck pain. ● Surgery​​. Rarely needed for neck pain, surgery might be an option for relieving nerve rootor spinal cord compression. Lifestyle and home remedies. Self-care measures you can try to relieve neck pain include:​.

  6. ● Over-the-counter pain relievers​​. Try over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen(Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve) and acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). ● Alternate heat and cold​​. Reduce inflammation by applying cold, such as an ice pack or icewrapped in a towel, for up to 20 minutes several times a day. Or alternate the coldtreatment with heat. Try taking a warm shower or using a heating pad on the low setting. ● Home exercises​​. Begin daily gentle stretching, including neck rolls and shoulder rolls,once the worst of your pain has subsided. Gently tilt, bend and rotate your neck. Warmyour neck and back with a heating pad or in the shower or bath before doing theseexercises. Your doctor or a physical therapist can instruct you in doing these exercises. Alternative medicine. Talk to your doctor if you're interested in trying alternative treatments for your neckpain. Your doctor can discuss the benefits and risks. Alternative treatments include:​. ● Acupuncture​​. Acupuncture involves the insertion of thin needles into various points onyour body. Studies have found that acupuncture may be helpful for many types of pain. Butstudies in neck pain have been mixed. For best results, you may need to undergo severalacupuncture sessions. Acupuncture is generally considered safe when performed by acertified practitioner using sterile needles. ● Chiropractic​​. Performed mainly on the spine, a chiropractic adjustment applies acontrolled, abrupt force to a joint. Chiropractic treatments to the neck can provideshort-term pain relief, and, for many people, carry minimal risks. ● Massage​​. During a massage, a trained practitioner manipulates the muscles in your neckwith his or her hands. Little scientific evidence exists to support massage in people withneck pain,

  7. though it may provide relief when combined with your doctor's recommendedtreatments. Prevention. Most neck pain is associated with poor posture combined with age-related wear and tear. Tohelp prevent neck pain, keep your head centered over your spine. Some simple changes inyour daily routine may help. Consider trying to:​. ● Use good posture​​. When standing and sitting, be sure your shoulders are in a straight lineover your hips and your ears are directly over your shoulders. ● Take frequent breaks​​. If you travel long distances or work long hours at your computer,get up, move around and stretch your neck and shoulders. ● Adjust your desk, chair and computer​​ so that the monitor is at eye level. Knees should beslightly lower than hips. Use your chair's armrests. ● Avoid tucking the phone​​ between your ear and shoulder when you talk. Use a headset orspeakerphone instead. ● If you smoke, quit​​. Smoking can put you at higher risk of developing neck pain. ● Avoid carrying heavy bags with straps over your shoulder​​. The weight can strain your neck. ● Sleep in a good position​​. Your head and neck should be aligned with your body. Use a smallpillow under your neck. Try sleeping on your back with your thighs elevated on pillows,which will flatten your spinal muscles. https://nydnrehab.com/what-we-treat/back-pain-and-neck-pain/neck-pain -treatment/