ASEAN OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH 8th June 2010 ASETUC NATIONAL ADVOCACY WORKSHOP: ASETUC for ASEAN Community – From Vision to Action Federal Hotel, Kuala Lumpur FADZIL OSMAN GENERAL MANAGER OF OPERATIONS NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)
OSH ACTIVITY IN MALAYSIA MoHR, NCOSH Setting of OSH Policy Standard Setting Regulations DOSH Enforcement DOSH Training Consultation NIOSH Certification DOSH,NIOSH,CIDB Information Dissemination & Services, OSH Awareness Promotion DOSH,NIOSH,PERKESO NIOSH,Private & Public Universities Research & Development Compensation PERKESO, Welfare Department
Background • Registered on 24th June 1992 as a company limited by guarantee under the Companies Act 1965. • NIOSH was established with an endowment fund from SOCSO and from the Government. • started operations in March 1993 • 15 Board of Directors representing various group VISION : To be theLeading Centre of Excellencein OccupationalSafety and Health MISSION : To be thePreferred Partnerin Enhancing Occupational Safety and Health
2000 NORTHERN REGIONAL OFFICE (PENANG) OFFICE LOCATIONS 2007 SABAH & F.T LABUAN REGIONAL OFFICE (K.KINABALU) 2004 EAST COAST REGIONAL OFFICE (KEMAMAN) 2002 SARAWAK REGIONAL OFFICE (BINTULU) 1997 2003 2008 NIOSH HEADQUARTERS (BANDAR BARU BANGI) SITE OFFICE (KUCHING) SITE OFFICE (MELAKA) 2004 NIOSH CERTIFICATION SDN BHD (BANDAR BARU BANGI) SOUTHERN REGIONAL OFFICE (JOHOR BAHRU) 4 2001
TRAINING • OSH Practitioners’ / Certificated • Safety and Health Officer (SHO) • Authorised Gas Tester (AGT) • Occupational Health Doctor (OHD) • Occupational Health Nurse (OHN) • Industrial Hygiene Technician (IHT) • Chemical Health Risk Assessor • 2. Trainers • Competent Persons/General OSH • Safety Passport System • PETRONAS, OSFAM, SHELL, TNB, Nestle, TM, TITAN
Occurrence of Occupational Accidents vs Number of OSH Personnel Trained
RESEARCH & CONSULTANCY Consultancy: • Legal compliance • Chemical health risk assessment (CHRA), noise exposure monitoring and dust exposure monitoring. • Medico-technical services • Laboratory analysis and medical examination for industrial workers. • Customized training • On-shelf training module modified to suit the clients’ requirements. • OSH solutions • Gap analysis and establishment of the OSH Management System. Research: • Research projects using external sources / research grants from government and private sector; supervision research projects for students in higher learning institutions; and article writing for journal publication.
INFORMATION DISSEMINATION • OSH Information • Library, website, publication: newsletter, journal. NIOSH Exhibition Centre, Mobile Exhibition Team • Awareness programs • OSH Talk and Managing OSH Events / campaigns, conference, seminar, workshops. • OSH Products • OSH products such as books, VCDs, posters, souveniers and personal protective equipment are sold here to enable clients to buy at one-stop shop.
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY • Discounted fees of 25% for members, ex-service men, union members, SMEs and schools • Free information dissemination activities to public (e.g.: Exhibition, Flyers, Seminar, Talks). • Provide places for practical students from private and public universities. • NIOSH funded research • Co-funding ASEAN-OSHNET activities i.e 50% NIOSH & 50% from Government fund. (e.g: Free training for ASEAN-OSHNET member countries). • OSH in School Projects
- Directive from Minister of Human Resources: “To promote and contribute on OSH development amongst the ASEAN countries as to gain recognition and to be a leader in OSH...” - Grant approval under the Malaysian Technical Cooperation Program (MTCP), Ministry of Foreign Affairs received on 16 December 2008; -Course are held at NIOSH which is fully equipped with facilities as training center including accommodation, laboratories, recreational facilities etc.; with trainers from NIOSH, DOSH and related organization. 10
MTCP – Safety and Health Officer Program for Developing Country (ISHO) 2009 & 2010 OBJECTIVES: • TO EQUIP PARTICIPANTS WITH BASIC OSH TO SET MALAYSIA AS CENTRE OF EXCELENT ON OSH WITHIN ASEANTO PROMOTE TECHNICAL COLLABRATION OBJECTIVES: -PROVIDE KNOWLEDGE IN OSH CONCEPTS & PRINCIPLES -TRAIN TO PERFORM OSH ACTIVITIES /PROGRAMMES -TO EQUIPP THE PARTICIPANT WITH KNOWLEDGE OF A SAFETY & HEALTH OFFICER MODULE TARGET COUNTRY PARTICIPANTS NOTES • Officers in Charge of enforcement on OSH ( Ministry of labor); or/and • Officers in Charge of Training on OSH • Country report from each participant is compulsory • May include visit to PETRONAS and other related industry • OSH Management • OSH Legislation • Occupational Safety • Occupational Health • ASEAN Members (Excl. Singapore) • Timor Leste • Maldives • Bangladesh • Sri Lanka • Malaysia TOTAL : 20 pax VENUE : NIOSH BANGI 12
Future of MTCP for OSH • LEVERAGING OF OSH • Increased: • Collaboration / networking / knowledge sharing • OSH marketing opportunities • Image / trade & investment gain ASIA PACIFIC OSH CENTER OF EXCELLENCE Precursor / forerunner in regional OSH development and strategic alliance.
ASEAN-OSHNET Activities • NIOSH is offering regular OSH training programmes for other Member States, whereby selected participants would only be required to cover their airfare and the local costs would be borne by NIOSH.
ASEAN-OSHNET Activities • Malaysia as member and also Host Country for the ASEAN-OSHNET Secretariat for the period of July 2004 to July 2008 has organised/ co-organised various projects/activities for ASEAN Member States. • 6-10 March 2006: Workshop on CLP and GHS in Kula Lumpur • 20 December 2006: OSH Awareness Campaign for Service Sector Mindset Change:The Unions Role in OSH in Kula Lumpur • 26 - 27 March 2007: Conference on OSH for Service Sector Empowering Workers to Prevent Workplace Accidents in Kula Lumpur • 5-6 December 2007: 1st ASEAN-OSHNET+3 Policy Dialogue on OSH MS in Kula Lumpur, Malaysia. • 12-14 May 2008 , ASEAN-OSNET Workshop on National OSH Framework, in Hanoi, Vietnam. • 16-17 December 2008:The 2nd ASEAN-OSHNET +3 Policy Dialogue on OSHMS in Genting Highland, Malaysia
ASEAN-OSHNET Activities • Malaysia as member of ASEAN-OSHNET participated in various projects/ activities for ASEAN Member States. • 8-9 February 2006 : Workshop on Inspection Policy for Workplace Safety and Health in Singapore • 5-17 February 2006: Pilot Course on KYT Technique in Bahasa Melayu for Malaysian and Indonesian Trainers in Tokyo Japan. • 23 - 25 January 2007: ASEAN Policy Dialogue on National OSH Framework in Singapore • ASEAN-OSHNET Workshop on Good OSH Practices 18-19 February 2009 in Singapore. • 12-13 February 2010 The 3rd ASEAN- OSHNET +3 Policy Dialogue on OSHMS in Luang Prabang Lao PDR. • 16 - 17 March 2010 Strategy Conference on Prevention - Risk Management and Social Security : “ The Seoul - Roadmap towards better Safety and Health at Work”. in Hanoi Vietnam.
ASEAN-OSH Challenges • Funding; • Development & maintenance of sufficient & competent manpower; • Acquisition & maintenance of adequate & up-to-date equipment and facilities • Establishment & maintenance of adequate information management systems • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) do not suit ASEAN climate or physical features and budget. • New materials, processes & technology give rise to new health hazards.
ASEAN-OSH Prospects • With strong support and strategically organized, R&D capable institutions (universities, national industrial research centres, local high-tech firms) could potentially spawn a viable new industry. • Towards becoming creators rather than mere consumers of technology in OSH. E.g. Some PPE already being manufactured in some Member Countries
ASEAN-OSH Recommendations • OSH – Economics and compassion viewpoints: • Top management of enterprises needs to BETTER UNDERSTAND that work safety and health is something that CAN be managed and SHOULD be, considering its implications to business • OSH professionals need BETTER TOOLS for measuring the ECONOMIC impact of work injuries and illnesses to enable them to BETTER CONVINCE the top management of enterprises of the importance of proper OSH management to their business. • URGENT NEED to develop MEANS & METHODS for measuring the INDIRECT COSTS of injuries & illnesses with GREATER CERTAINTY.
ASEAN-OSH Recommendations • Harmonization of OSH Rules – Minimizing Trade Barriers While Increasing Compliance & Effectiveness: • Individual nations impose technical regulations & associated product standards based on their own domestic social & economic considerations. By adopting a common set of internationally aligned or harmonized regulations or standards (ISO, IEC). • Barriers can be significantly reduced, if not eliminated all together; • Help facilitate increased regional trade & cooperation in OSH products, expertise & services • E.g.: ASEAN Guidelines on Classification, Packaging & Labelling of Hazardous Chemicals,
ASEAN-OSH Recommendations • The SME sector is a very important sector in the majority of ASEAN Member Countries, taking up a major portion of each country’s labour force and thus significantly affected by many OSH issues. Therefore, it is also important to take this fact into account in initiating activities or developing existing ones further such as : • Provide incentive for sharing with & learning from one another for common benefit. • Help smaller undertakings to implement effective occupational injury & illness prevention systems without having to reinvent the proverbial wheel.
ASEAN-OSH Recommendations • Considering that security and OSH are complementary to each other in the wider realms of risk management and total loss control, where significant cost savings could potentially be made by the enterprise through optimal alignment and integration between OSH and security. For example, they can perhaps be trained to spot and report potential OSH hazards relating to inadequate ventilation, poor lighting, unsafe lifts or escalators due to inadequate maintenance etc., in the premises that they work in.
ASEAN-OSH Recommendations • The other way forward to improve OSH amongst ASEAN is the possibility of engaging the global/international corporation that operating within ASEAN region. By so doing, we can promote cross border improvement on OSH amongst Asean members. This is in-line with Malaysian Government policy on private financing initiative. Malaysia, for example could leverage the existing of PETRONAS or Air Asea that are operating in other region of Asean to promote their best practices in the respective countries.
Ministry of Human Resources Thank you