The Sonnet A 14-line poem about romantic loveFrom the Italian word for “little song”
A very structured form • 14 lines • 10 syllables per line • 140 syllables total • Written in iambic pentameter • Though this might seem restrictive to us, it was actually quite pleasing to those who lived in the Elizabethan era. • Consider how you like the guidance of how long a paper should be.
Two Basic Types of Sonnets • Elizabethan/Shakespearean • Italian/Petrarchan VS.
Elizabethan/Shakespearean • 4 lines (quatrain) • 4 lines (quatrain) • 4 lines (quatrain) • 2 lines (couplet) • Common rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG • The couplet generally provides an ironic twist. • Example: The first 12 lines are about how a woman does not conform to conventional standards of beauty; the final 2 lines are about how she is beautiful just the way she is.
Italian/Petrarchan • 8 lines (octave) • 6 lines (sestet) • Common rhyme scheme: ABBAABBA CDFCDF ABABCDCD EFGEFG • The sestet usuallyprovides a shift in tone. • Example: The octavemight be about events happening in thepresent, and the sestet might be about events thatwill happen in the future.
The Romeo and Juliet Sonnet • When Romeo and Juliet first meet, they actually speak in sonnet form. • Why would this be an appropriate form for these two characters? • Read and discuss Romeo and Juliet sonnet. • Answer discussion questions. • Complete rhyme scheme graphic organizer.