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The Middle Colonies

The Middle Colonies

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The Middle Colonies

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  1. The Middle Colonies Chapter 6 section 2 Pages 157-162

  2. The middle colonies: • Included: • New York • Pennsylvania • New Jersey • Delaware

  3. Farming • Farmers in the middle colonies had many advantages: • Rich soil • Mild climate • Long growing season • Deep rivers

  4. Crops for sale • Because of good soil and climate people could produce crops to sell • These became known as Cash Crops- crops grown to sell for profit • They produced so much grain they became known as the bread basket colonies

  5. Port cities • Many farmers in the middle colonies shipped their goods through Philadelphia and New York • They shipped them via the Delaware river and the Hudson river

  6. Conestoga Wagon • Many of the Pennsylvania Dutch utilized the Conestoga wagon • It was: • Larger • More sturdy • Covered • Large wheels

  7. New York farmers • Owning land was very important to the colonists • 5 families owned most of the land (their estates could cover up to 2 million acres) • The owner or Patroon ran their estates like tiny kingdoms • People who farmed the land had to pay rent

  8. Business, Trade, and Cities Page 159

  9. Cities Grow Quickly • By the mid 1700’s Philadelphia and New York were the two largest cities in the colonies • They were important trading and manufacturing centers • Cities were a contrast to the quiet countryside • Streets were paved with brick or cobblestone • They were lined with shops and inns • Crowds of people spoke many languages

  10. A different kind of community: • The middle colonies were settled by people from many countries with different: • Beliefs • Customs • languages

  11. Many Religions: • The colonies did not have any single religion that was more powerful then the others • Religions included • Roman catholic • Jewish • Amish • Mennonite • Calvinists • Quaker • Lutherans

  12. Country Customs and Fun • People worked together to: • Clear land • Barn raising • Sheep shearing • Quilting

  13. The Frontier • Early colonists settled along the Atlantic coast and the banks of large rivers • As more people arrived they moved further inland • Frontier- a thinly settled area on the outer limits of the colonies • For the middle colonies the frontier was the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains

  14. People on the frontier • People who settled here were mainly seeking new adventure and freedom • They had to partake in extra chores like: • Cutting logs for their house and fires • Make furniture • Make candles • Make clothes • Educate their children

  15. Dangers on the frontier • Because families on the frontier all faced many dangers and hardships: • They gained a spirit of independence and equality • Women worked alongside men • Different culture groups shared thoughts and ideas • There were no social class distinctions