Webcast 1: Municipal Pollution Prevention/ Good Housekeeping
Webcast 1: Municipal Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping May 14, 2009 Michael Novotney, Center for Watershed Protection Reggie Korthals, Indiana Department of Environmental Management Srinivas Valavala, Richland Co. (SC) Department of Public Works Dave Hirschman, Center for Watershed Protection
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Welcome to the Webcast • To Complete the Webcast Survey – After the webcast, we will have a short multiple choice survey to get feedback on your experience. Please take a few minutes to fill the survey out so we can identify areas for improvement. • Continuing Education Credits – We are offering CEUs for our watershed and stormwater management webcast series. A total of 1.0 CEU can be earned for attending five webcasts. Only the registered attendee is eligible to earn the CEU. The registered attendee must watch the entire webcast. Email email@example.com if you are interested in earning CEUs and did not indicate this during the registration process.
Webcast Outline • Introduction • Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Basics • Developing an Effective Program • Program Scoping • Focusing Your Efforts • Selecting and Implementing Pollution Source Control and Treatment Practices • Case Study • Richland County, South Carolina • Helpful Tips for Building a Better Program
What is Good Housekeeping? • Some may think that it’s just a monthly magazine • Others may offer up the following answers: • Part of a community’s overall stormwater program • Use of municipal facilities and operations to demonstrate better stormwater management (i.e., leadership) • Training municipal employees to prevent pollution in their everyday activities • In practice, it’s all of these…
What is Good Housekeeping? • So, let’s agree on a working definition… • Pollution prevention/good housekeeping is: • The assessment and subsequent alteration of municipal operations to reduce the amount of pollution entering the storm drain system and, eventually, receiving waters • Why undertake such a challenging task?
Why Good Housekeeping? • It is required! • NPDES Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Permit • It effectively prevents and reduces stormwater pollution • Our stormwater BMPs can’t do all the work… • Benjamin Franklin probably put it best when he said: “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Source: NPRPD, Version 3 (CWP, 2007)
Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Program Requirements • What do the NPDES Phase II stormwater rules require? • Develop and implement a program with the ultimate goal of preventing or reducing polluted runoff from entering the storm drain system and receiving waters • Train municipal employees on incorporating pollution prevention/good housekeeping practices into municipal operations • How does a community go about addressing this task?
Guest Speaker • Reggie Korthals • Program Coordinator, Indiana MS4 Rule 13 Program • Wetlands and Stormwater Section, Office of Water Quality, Indiana Department of Environmental Management • Works with Indiana communities on permit compliance and Stormwater Quality Management Plan implementation
Indiana Department of Environmental Management • Office of Water Quality, Wetlands and Stormwater Section • http://www.in.gov/idem • http://www.in.gov/idem/4900.htm
Guest Speaker • Srinivas Valavala • Stormwater Manager • Stormwater Management Division, Department of Public Works, Richland Co., South Carolina • Making great strides in building and improving the Richland Co. stormwater management program
Richland County, South Carolina • Population • 357,734 • Area • Land: 756.41 sq. mi • Water: 15.3 sq. mi • Stormwater Management Program • Funded through millage tax • 2008 mill rate = 3.3 mills • NPDES Phase I Permit • First Issued in 2001 • Renewed in 2006
Stormwater Management Program • Stormwater Management Division, Department of Public Works • Implements stormwater management program to meet NPDES Phase I permit requirements • Coordinates with other divisions and departments • Administration Division • Engineering Division • Roads and Drainage Division • Department of Planning & Development Services • Special Services • Utilities & Services Division
NPDES Phase I Permit • Has been a bumpy ride • EPA Audit in Dec 2003 • Consent Order in 2005 • Penalty of $830,549.00 • Quarterly payment plan of $41,500 till April 15, 2011 • Corrective Action Plan (CAP) incorporated into reissued permit • Good housekeeping program (e.g., SWPPPs, SPCCs, employee training program) is result of CAP requirements
Good Housekeeping Program • SWPPPs and SPCCs for publicly-owned or -operated hotspot facilities • Post-construction stormwater inspection and maintenance program • Publicly-owned or -maintained ponds and ditches • Maintenance of public stormwater infrastructure • Other pollution prevention programs • Publicly-owned or -maintained parking lots • Publicly-owned or -maintained dirt roads • Publicly-owned parks and recreational areas to control pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers • Employee training program
Poll Question #1 • I work for ________? • Phase I MS4 (city, county) • Phase II MS4 (town, city, county, other) • State/Federal Government • Consulting Firm • Nonprofit Organization • Other • Next to nothing
Poll Question #2 • How many people are participating in the webcast today at your location? • Just me • 2 to 5 • 6 to 10 • 10 to 20 • More than 20
Poll Question #3 • How did you hear about this webcast? • CWP Runoff Rundown • CWP Website • US EPA Website • NPS Information Exchange Email • NPDES News Email • CWP Presentation/Staff • Colleague • Other
Poll Question #4 • How would you characterize your community’s good housekeeping program? • Bought our magazine subscription this year • Just getting started • Has already started, but could use some guidance in scoping and developing the program • Has already started, but could use help evaluating and expanding the program • Has been in place for some time, looking for a few new tips
Municipal Operations Tour • The nature, scope and distribution of municipal operations can vary greatly • Within a single community • From one community to the next • To get a sense of this diversity, let’s take a tour of the fictional community of Cleanwater, Maryland
Municipal Operations Tour • As we hit each stop on the tour, ask yourself these questions: • What facility or operation is shown? • What impact does it have on water quality? • Is it a good example or bad example of municipal pollution prevention/good housekeeping? • What, if any, improvements could be made?
Take Home Points • Communities typically conduct many different operations that can influence water quality • Some for better, some for worse • Although there are some easy “fixes”, it’s difficult for a community to assess and improve all of its operations • Particularly with limited resources • These complexities make building a good housekeeping program a challenging task!
The Indiana Experience • Challenges in Indiana include: • Huge diversity in municipal operations • Limited program planning and scoping • Level of effort based on available staff and funds • Developing realistic program goals and milestones • Limited training for both large and small communities to help them address these challenges • Both IDEM and consultants provide training and resources to MS4 communities • Solution: Guidance, Guidance, Guidance!
Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Program Development • Take a strategic approach to developing or improving your community’s pollution prevention/good housekeeping program…
http://www.cwp.org Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Program Development • Guidance on scoping and developing a pollution prevention/good housekeeping program • Our approach: Use a seven step process to rapidly identify, prioritize and investigate municipal operations to determine what improvements can be made • Remember, the approach can be tailored to the needs of and resources available to your community
Step 1: Identify Existing Municipal Operations • Purpose • Scope the program • Key tasks • Inventory and categorize existing municipal operations
Park and Landscape Maintenance Street Repair and Maintenance Residential Stewardship Employee Training Hotspot Facility Management Street Sweeping Storm Drain Maintenance Stormwater Hotline Response Utility Maintenance
Step 1: Identify Existing Municipal Operations 10 major municipal operations that can impact stormwater quality: Hotspot Facility Management Construction Project Management Street Repair and Maintenance Street Sweeping Storm Drain Maintenance Stormwater Hotline Response Park and Landscape Maintenance Residential Stewardship Stormwater Management Practice Maintenance Employee Training Create a simple list of municipal operations
Stormwater Hotspots Produce high levels of stormwater pollutants Present a high risk for spills, leaks or illicit discharges
Potential Municipal Stormwater Hotspots • Public Works Yards • Vehicle Storage and Maintenance Yards • Equipment Storage and Maintenance Yards • Water and Wastewater Treatment Facilities • Landfills • Solid Waste Handling and Transfer Facilities • Composting Facilities • Public Buildings (e.g. Schools, Libraries, Police and Fire Departments) • Public Parks • Public Golf Courses • Public Swimming Pools
Step 2: Collect Information About Each Operation • Hotspot facilities: • Location • Street address • Watershed information • Map • Facility type • Facility manager information • All other operations: • Area/locations served • Watershed information • Map • Operation manager information Build on list you created during Step 1
Program Development Step 2: Collect Information About Each Operation • Coordinate with operations managers • Learn specific information about the operations they manage • Educate them on: • The requirements of the NPDES MS4 permit • The link between municipal operations and stormwater quality • Build relationships and cooperation…
The Indiana Experience • Statewide move towards coordination • Successful communities: • Have support from elected officials • Develop a communications chart • Define staff responsibilities • Include superintendents and department heads in program planning • Unsuccessful communities: • Are a one man operation • Have no program planning or internal coordination • Have no support from elected officials
The Indiana Experience • Statewide move towards coordination • IDEM encourages making employees part of the team: • Consistent training • Eyes in the community (e.g., spill kits & emergency response numbers in vehicles) • Seek input • Recognize outstanding employee performance • Organize efforts through training workshops and partnership building • IDEM has developed an annual statewide stormwater meeting