Unit 9 Saving the earth Reading: Welcome to the Earth Summit lecturer: He Naiying
Fast reading Please read this passage quickly with the following tasks. Q1. What is the Earth Summit? ______ A. name of a place B. a big meeting Q2. Find out the topic sentence or the main idea of each paragraph. Q3. Try to divide this passage into 3 parts and then summarize the main idea of each part. B
Topic sentence or main idea of each paragraph A brief introduction to the Earth Summit Para. One: Para. Two: Para. Three: Para. Four: Para. Five: Para. Six: Most of the speakers talked about “the big three” Many speakers also spoke about poverty, war, and violence The ES/ help/ understand there exist serious problems/ there is still time to take action Meetings like the Earth Summit can tell us what we can do to help The ES is not just about problem. In fact, it is a place to find solutions for the future.
Outline of the passage Welcome to the Earth Summit Part one (Para.1): Part two (Para. 2 --- 3): Part three (Para. 4---6): Introduction Problems discussed at the summit (Content or Body) Importance of the Summit and one of the practical solutions (Conclusion)
Some important phrases Sustainable development Contaminated drinking water Have no access to clean drinking water Rural areas Global development Conference(s) Earth issues
Careful Reading Part One Let’s read some extra information about the Earth Summit The Earth Summit is the informal and best-known name for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Earth Summit was first held in Stockholm, capital of Sweden, to exchange ideas on how to protect the earth. Since 1972 to 2002, the Earth Summit has altogether been held 21 times, each with a theme. For example, the theme of the first Earth Summit was on the Human Environment, the theme of the 14th Earth Summit in Beijing in 1995 was on Action for Equality,Development and Peace, and the theme of the 21st Earth Summit in Johannesburg in 2002 was on Sustainable Development.
Try to finish the box below according to Paragraph one and what we have read just now The Earth Summit Stockholm The Human Environment Action for Equality, Development and Peace Beijing Sustainable development Johannesburg
Part two Please read this part carefully and try to answer thefollowing questions. Q1. What does the “big three” mean? And why do people callthe “bigthree” the three biggest killers in the world? Contaminated drinking water, poor sanitation and air pollution Because they cause more than 7 million deaths every year. 15% of all the deaths in the world. Q2. Why do the deaths caused by air pollution mainly happen in rural areas? People burn wood and coal to cook food and stay warm there.
Q3. What’s the essential (必要) condition for us to develop the world successfully? To make sure that everyone is able to develop the world successfully/ Every country /person can take part in this process The whole human beings’ / not only the developed countries’ Q4. Usually what does global development mean? Can we achieve “Sustainable development” in this case? It means that rich people get richer while the poor get poorer. No. We can’t. Q5. How can we make “Sustainable development” possible? By international cooperation esp. between developing countries and developed countries. Equality and fairness
Part three End of the big three Better understanding of society and nature Pleasant future Wipe out poverty Better educated Less violence and fewer wars Q1. Summarize the importance of the Earth Summit in simple words. Help us understand the existence of problems and tell us it’s not too late to take action Tell us what we can do to help solve the “earth issues” Put forward some possible /practical solutions Q2. How to understand education is the key to the future? better education
Multiple choices 1. “Sustainable development” was put forward______. A. at the Stockholm Summit B. at the Johannesburg Earth Summit C. by the World Health Organization. D. by China’s former Premier Zhu Rongji. 2. Which of the following is the main cause of millions of deaths in rural areas? A. Lack of drinking water. B. Poor sanitation C. Air pollution. D. Freezing cold. B C
3. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage? A. Different countries have different opinions about development. B. Equality and fairness are badly needed in the today’s world. C. The Earth Summit, a way to save the earth D. Sustainable development, the future for the world. 4. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. The Earth Summit was once of great help to China. B. The Earth Summit is the best way to solve all kinds of problems. C. Without poverty, war or violence we can develop the world successfully. D. Our willingness to take action is necessary for the protection of our environment. C D
Discussion 1.Think about what kind of things we often do may be bad for the environment? take a walk on the grass use one-time chopsticks to eat use plastic bags to hold things pick flowers to our heart content often throw used paper everywhere When doing washing ,waste too much water keep the light on when we are all out 2.As a student, what can we do to help solve the problems facing our earth? Learn our lessons well / try to know more about our environment and the world /master as much knowledge as we can Change our way of living life wipe out our bad habits Try to be friendly/kind / warmhearted/ generous/ Be ready to help others still in poverty Don’t use power/ strength/ violence to solve problems.
Homework: 1. Read this passage more then recite the last paragraph. 2. Finish “Word study” on page 69