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POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE. A Prismatic Perceptions Project Robin Medeiros Last update 11.9.00. Purpose Definitions of culture Art Dance Fashion Festivals. Literature Music Recreation Religion Theatre. POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE. PURPOSE.

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  1. POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE A Prismatic Perceptions Project Robin Medeiros Last update 11.9.00

  2. Purpose Definitions of culture Art Dance Fashion Festivals Literature Music Recreation Religion Theatre POPULAR CULTURE IN THE RENAISSANCE

  3. PURPOSE • The purposes of this project are to: • Provide students with a model for thesis statements, outlines, research papers, and the MLA citation format (parenthetical and works cited). • Consider definitions of Popular Culture • Discuss various modes of Popular Culture in the Renaissance

  4. THESIS STATEMENT • The study of popular culture is a 20th Century phenomenon. However by examining popular culture in the Renaissance, we can achieve a greater understanding of this historical period, as well as those who lived during this time.

  5. CONCEPTS OF CULTURE • Definition of terms (Storey) • What is culture? • High culture • Low culture • Popular culture NOTE: Provide examples

  6. ART • Competitors • Strengths • Weaknesses

  7. DANCE • Court vs. folk dances • Court dances • Galliard • Pavane • Folk dances

  8. FASHION • Clothing (Annenberg/CPB) • Discuss requirements, benefits, and issues of using new procedures

  9. FESTIVALS • Carnivals • Parades • Gambling

  10. LITERATUREORAL TRADITION • Folk humor • Proverbs • Songs • Stories

  11. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION • Literacy • The Written Word • Established Genres • Ballads • Plays

  12. LITERACY • Great number of ordinary people had some knowledge of book learning • The world of work—seaman, merchants and agents of landlords jobs required regular compilation or consultation of lists must know alphabet; possess rudiments of mathematics • Richard II (1391) • Decreed any parent in the kingdom was free to send their child to school, if they could find one • Formal education (Chamberlain)

  13. HISTORY OF THE WRITTEN WORD • Handwritten manuscripts • Army of copiers (scriptorium) at centers of learning; at each great court; monasteries • Reproduction without plan • Materials (parchment, vellum) • Due to cost, require recycling • Vellum scraped down written over (palimpsest) • Manuscripts lost forever • Archimedes palimpsest (Noel et al.)

  14. HISTORY OFTHE WRITTEN WORD • Problems • Error through ignorance or negligence would multiply with successive editions of the work • “Establishing of the correct text” becomes a major problem • Demand for great works (e.g. The Bible) ensured their continued existence • Lesser known works • Fewer copies/ Lack of interest • Disappear for years, if not forever • As a result, people continued to struggle with problems which had already been solved in different places and times

  15. HISTORY OFTHE WRITTEN WORD • Origins of Printing (Chamberlain) • Opened channels of communication • Work of the few swiftly available to the many • Gutenberg (Rubenstein) • The development of movable type • 1462--Civil War broke out in Maintz • Established printers settle throughout Europe • 1476--William Caxton established England’s first printing press • Earliest use print indulgences (Chamberlain)

  16. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION • Montaigne’s “poesie populaire” • Ballads (Legends) • Chanson du Roland • Orlando Furioso (Online Medieval & Classical Library) • (Bullfinch’s Mythology)

  17. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION • Established Genres • Fabliaux (Harvard College) • Romance • Morte D’Arthur (Legends) • English folk songs • Corpus Christi Carol

  18. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS • Development of the vernacular drama • Mystery Plays (Harvard College) • Full-text—Twycross • Four surviving cycles • Present the whole history of Mankind from the beginning to the Last Judgment • Selection of biblical episodes • Center on the life and Passion of Christ

  19. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS • Mystery Plays • Written by local clerics—uneven quality • Joint ecclesiastical and municipal enterprises • The Wakefield Master is recognized as the best author— • 2 Shepherds play • Part of the Wakefield Cycle (Britannica.com)

  20. LITERATUREWRITTEN TRADITION--PLAYS • Morality Plays • Allegorical dramas • Subject not biblical history but “the life history of an individual as typical ‘Humanism Genus’ or ‘Everyman’ (The Oxford Illustrated History of English Literature) • Two surviving examples • Castle of Perservance--early 15th Century • Everyman--translated from the Dutch, early 16th Century • (Luminarium)

  21. MUSIC • Chansons • Chanson du Roland • Ecclessiastical plainsong • Minstrels • Troubadours

  22. RECREATION • Fighting • Football • Hunting • Jousting • Wrestling

  23. RELIGION • High-level overview of progress against schedule • On-track in what areas • Behind in what areas • Ahead in what areas • Unexpected delays or issues


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