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Deposit-refund Systems

Deposit-refund Systems

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Deposit-refund Systems

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  1. Deposit-refund Systems Thomas Lindhqvist IIIEE MESPOM Waste Policies March 2006

  2. Refund Deposit Systems • Natural deposits - the economic value of the discarded product motivates the refund • Artificial deposits - the economic value of the discarded product (material) is lower than the cost of the system

  3. Refund Deposit System in Sweden • Return in shops • Use of automatic vending machines

  4. Which are the revenues in a deposit refund system • Unclaimed deposits • Interest on capital • Revenue from selling the material or product • Artificial fees

  5. Can manufacturer Recycling at aluminium smelting plant Brewery Returpack Brewery depot Trade Consumer Trade Anti-litter campaigns Aluminium Can Recycling in Sweden

  6. Economy and feesin the Swedish Al-can Recycling • Deposit including VAT - 50 öre • Administration fee - 6 öre • Scrap income - approx. 10 öre • Handling fee (brewery) - 6 öre • Handling fee (retailer) - 14 öre • Transportation and administration fee - 2 öre

  7. Aluminium Cans for Beer and Soft DrinksSweden - Return rates 1983-2004

  8. Aluminium Cans for Beer and Soft DrinksSweden - Return rates and deposit size 1983-2004

  9. Aluminium Cans for Beer and Soft DrinksSweden - return rates and relative increases of the deposit size 1983-2004

  10. Aluminium Cans for Beer and Soft DrinksSweden - return rates and market shares for beer 1983-1995

  11. Bottles for wine and liquor with depositSweden - return rates 1970-89

  12. Bottles for wine and liquor with depositSweden - return rates and deposit size 1970-89

  13. Bottles for wine and liquor with depositSweden - return rates and relative increases of the deposit size 1970-89

  14. Non-refillable PET-bottles for Soft DrinksSweden - Return rates 1994-2004

  15. Germany - Refillable bottles • Protection of refillable systems through mandatory deposits • In particular for beverages: • Beer, mineral and spring water, table, drinking and therapeutic water, carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks, fruit juice, fruit nectar, vegetable juice, wine • Exemption if part of dual system and market share for refillables above 72% • Retraction of exemption if below level in two consecutive years • The retraction applies only to those types of beverage that are below their specific quota:- 82.16% for beer- 91.33% for mineral water- 28.63% for wine- 73.72% for carbonated soft drinks- etc.

  16. Germany - Refillable bottles %

  17. Germany – Deposit-refund Mandatory deposits for beer, mineral water, carbonated soft drinks Exemptions: beverage cartons and pouches, and wine, spirits and dietary foods Deposit level: Euro 0.25 <= 1.5 litres Euro 0.50 > 1.5 litres Island-solutions

  18. Germany - Refillable bottles %