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African-American Inventors

African-American Inventors

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African-American Inventors

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  1. African-American Inventors [Student Name] [Date]

  2. George Washington Carver • Lived 1865-1943 • Former slave • Born in Missouri • Earned advanced degrees from Iowa Agricultural College • Developed hundreds of industrial uses for farm products • Outstanding researcher and educator

  3. Norbert Rillieux • Lived 1806-1894 • New Orleans slave • Educated in France • Developed evaporator for refining sugar • Patented in 1846

  4. Elijah McCoy • Lived 1844-1929 • Son of escaped slaves from Kentucky • Invented lubricator for steam engines • Patented in 1872 • Awarded 57 patents in his lifetime

  5. Lewis Howard Latimer • Lived 1848-1929 • Worked for Boston patent attorney • Learned mechanical drawing • Invented electric lamp and carbon filament for light bulbs • Patented in 1881-1882 • Only African American on Thomas Edison’s engineering team

  6. Granville T. Woods • Lived 1856-1910 • Born in Ohio • Self-educated • Invented telegraph for railway train communication • Awarded more than 60 patents for electrical/mechanical inventions

  7. Madame C. J. Walker • Lived 1867-1919 • Born in Louisiana • Developed hair care system and other beauty products • One of the first self-made women millionaires • Successful businesswoman and generous benefactor

  8. Garrett Augustus Morgan • Lived 1877-1963 • Born in Kentucky • Invented gas mask for chlorine fumes during World War I • Patented 1914 • Also invented automated STOP and GO traffic signal

  9. Frederick McKinley Jones • Lived 1892-1961 • Born in Ohio • Experienced mechanic • Invented self-starting gas engine • Invented first automatic refrigeration system for trucks • Awarded over 40 patents for refrigeration

  10. David Crosthwait, Jr. • Lived 1898-1976 • Born in Tennessee • Earned degrees from Purdue University • Expert in heating, ventilation, air conditioning • Awarded 40 patents for HVAC systems

  11. Patricia Bath • Born 1949 in New York • World-famous ophthalmologist • First African-American woman doctor to receive patent for medical inventions • Invented laser device to remove cataracts • Transformed eye surgery • Awarded four patents for eye surgery methods