Butterflies Created By: Jessica Mason-Stutzman
Table of Contents Habitats Monarch Activity – create a chrysalis! More games and activities from the web! Monarch Butterfly Life cycle Graph – how much time is spent in each step of the cycle? Sequencing Activity – make a comic strip. Habitats Monarch Activity – create a chrysalis! Web Quest! • QCC -15Topic: The Living World: Animals Standard: Recognizes and describes a variety of animal and plant life cycles. Illustrates the life cycles of a chicken, butterfly, frog, turtle, grasshopper, dog and fish. • Performance Standard – Life Science – S3L1. Students will investigate the habitats of different organisms and the dependence of organisms on their habitats. • C. Identify features of animals that allow them to live and thrive in different regions of Georgia. • D. Explain what will happen to an organisms if the habitat is changed. • What is a butterfly? • Body parts of a butterfly • Butterfly life cycle • Video of the life cycle • What happens in each stage of the life cycle? • The egg • The caterpillar • Pupation video • The butterfly • Monarch Butterfly Life cycle • Graph – how much time is spent in each step • of the cycle? • Sequencing • Activity – make a comic strip.
What is a Butterfly? • Butterflies are beautiful, flying insects with large scaly wings. Like all insects, they have six jointed legs, 3 body parts, a pair of antennae, compound eyes, and an exoskeleton. The three body parts are the head, thorax (the chest), and abdomen (the tail end). The butterfly's body is covered by tiny sensory hairs. The four wings and the six legs of the butterfly are attached to the thorax. The thorax contains the muscles that make the legs and wings move.
Head Abdomen Hindwing Antenna Leg Proboscis CompoundEye Thorax Forewing
A butterfly usually lays 200-500 eggs on plant leaves and stems. Eggs from different butterflies are different shapes and sizes. The caterpillars hatch from the eggs about 5 days later.
The caterpillar is also called the larva. Caterpillars first eat their eggshell, then they eat lots of leaves. Each time the caterpillar grows, it needs to shed its old skin or molt. They usually molt 5 times. After a few weeks the caterpillar stops eating and growing and looks for a place to change.
The caterpillar sheds its skin for the last time and becomes a pupa. The pupa stays inside a hard shell called a chrysalis. Inside the chrysalis, the pupa is changing from a caterpillar's body to a butterfly's body.
The adult butterfly emerges from the chrysalis after several weeks. The butterfly looks for another butterfly to mate with. After mating, the female butterfly lays her eggs. Adult butterflies usually live for only 2 weeks!
How Much Time Does A Butterfly Spend In Each Phase of the Life Cycle?
Sequencing • Students investigated butterfly life cycles. • Students read text on life cycles. • Students created a comic strip describing each phase of a butterfly’s life cycle. • Students added noodles for visual effect.
Fill in the table to show what happens during each stage. Laid on plant leaves and stems Eats its egg shell Caterpillar shed its skin one last time Emerges from the chrysalis after a few weeks Caterpillar hatches in 5 days Molts 5 times Caterpillar stays inside a hard shell or Chrysalis The butterfly looks for a mate and lays eggs Vary in size After a few weeks looks for a place to change Caterpillar changes into a butterfly Adult butterflies live for only 2 weeks
Where do Butterflies Live? • HABITAT Butterflies are found all over the world and in all types of environments: hot and cold, dry and moist, at sea level and high in the mountains. Most butterfly species, however, are found in tropical areas, especially tropical rainforests. Many butterflies migrate in order to avoid adverse environmental conditions (like cold weather). Butterfly migration is not well understood. Most migrate relatively short distances (like the Painted Lady, the Red Admiral, and the Common Buckeye), but a few (like some Monarchs) migrate thousands of miles.
Monarch Habitats: Monarchs are found all around the world in sub-tropical to tropical areas. They are found in open habitats including meadows, fields, marshes, and cleared roadsides.
Create a Chrysalis and watch your caterpillar change into a beautiful Butterfly! Activity
You will be responsible to complete the activities on the web Quest for Monarch Butterflies. Web Quest