Progressive Era Mr. Potts 7th Grade Social Studies
BIG Business • Big business is large-scale, corporate-controlled, financial or business activities. Use vertical & horizontal integration to buy to take over other business to become a BIG BUSINESS. • Robber Baron BIG BUSINESS owners: • John D. Rockefeller • Andrew Carnegie • Cornelius Vanderbilt • Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) • Law that made illegal to create a monopoly
Capitalism vs. Socialism • Capitalism: private businesses run most industries and competition determines the price of goods and profits for owners. • Socialism: government owns and operates most industries with profits being distributed among the society or workforce. Capitalism vs. Socialism Video
Political and Social Problems • The Progressive Era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States that flourished from the 1890’s to the 1920’s. • CAUSE: • The rise of the Industrial Revolution and BIG business combined with the arrival of immigrants. • GOAL: • Improve life for everyone in America as well as fix a corrupt government.
Muckrakers • Journalists • Exposed corruption and abuse • Informed the public of social and economic problems • EFFECT = united the progressive movement
Making Changes in Society & Politics • Sherman Antitrust Act • The Jungle • Triangle Factory Fire • Conservation • Settlement Houses • Prohibition • Women’s Suffrage • NAACP • Political Reforms: recall, initiative, referendum, and direct primary
The Jungle – CLOSE Reading The Jungle CLOSE Read Summary Health Issues POWER Words • Label an OUTPUT page “The Jungle CLOSE Read” • Create 3 columns on the page and label each page Summary, Health Issues, and POWER Words.
The Jungle • Upton Sinclar • Chicago meat-packing industry • EFFECT – passage of legislation requiring Federal inspection of meat and the Pure Food & Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act. Single click speaker to hear audio
Output Activity - Political Cartoon What 3 images does the artist use to show this as Progressive Era reforms cartoon? Who is the person in the cartoon and why is he holding a rake? What words or phrases are used in the cartoon?
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire • March 25, 1911 • 146 factory workers were killed locked inside the factory • EFFECT – led to laws improving factory safety standards
Chapter 21, Section 2 “Reforming the Workplace” • As a class we will listen an read Chapter 21, Section 2 “Reforming the Workplace” and learn about child labor, Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, and labor organizations.
Knowledge Web capitalism Triangle Shirtwaist Fire IWW muckraker tragedy large Union Child labor reform socialism William “BIG Bill Haywood
Women’s Suffrage Movement • Women's suffrage in the United States was achieved gradually, at state and local levels during the late 19th century and early 20th century, culminating in 1920 with the passage of the 19th Amendment. • "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.“ • 1st Women’s rights convention was held in Seneca Falls, NY • Led by: • National Women’s Suffrage Association (NWSA) • Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton • American Women’s Suffrage Association • Lucy Stone & Julia Ward Howell • Both groups eventually merges into the National American Woman Suffrage Association
Chapter 21, Section 3“The Rights of Women & Minorities” • What types of jobs did women go into after college and what jobs did they avoid because they were dominated by men? • What causes did Women’s clubs campaign for? • What is Temperance supporter Carry Nation famous for? • What were two reasons why people were not willing to allow women the right to vote? • What organization did Alice Paul start? Name two ways the group drew attention to the suffrage movement.
Chapter 21, Section 3“The Rights of Women & Minorities” • Who were the three African American’s that challenged discrimination from the readings? • Who encouraged African Americans to improve their economic and educational opportunities as the best means of fighting discrimination? • Who, as a journalist wrote about unequal education for African American children and lynching's? • What is W.E.B. Du Bois famously know for creating in 1909? • How did the NAACP fight grandfather clauses?
African American Reformers Name FIGHT METHOD Historical Fact Booker T. Washington Used the courts to fight grandfather clauses Started a newspaper called Free Speech
Mount Rushmore Thomas Jefferson 1. Name the presidents that are carved into Mt. Rushmore. Abraham Lincoln George Washington 2. Is there a president you think should be added to the monument? Theodore Roosevelt WHO? – WHY?
Progressive Presidents • Theodore Roosevelt – 26th President • Trustbuster • Square Deal • Conservation • Pure Food and Drug Act • William Howard Taft – 27th President • Continued antitrust efforts • 16th Amendment = Income Taxes • 17th Amendment = Direct Election of Senators • Woodrow Wilson – 28th President • 18th Amendment = Prohibition • 19th Amendment = Women’s Suffrage VIDEO - Crash Course
President Roosevelt • Square Deal – balance the interests of businesspeople, laborers, and consumers. • Three C’s • conservation of natural resources • control of corporations • consumer protection • Conservation – the protection of nature and its resources. • Created the U.S. Forest Service • 100 million acres protected as national forests • 5 national parks established • 51 federal wildlife reservations • 150 national forests
Political Reforms & Amendments • Recall – voters remove elected officials from office. • Initiative – allows voters to propose new laws. • Referendum – voters approve or reject proposed laws. • EFFECT – expanding voting POWER! • 16th • 17th • 18th • 19th
Progressive Era Foldable • Fold you paper as directed and make 3 scissor cuts to create 4 “amendment windows.” • Label the foldable “Progressive Era Amendments” • Write a 1-2 sentence summary of each amendment and create a colored drawing that illustrates each amendment.
Chapter 21, Section 4“The Progressive Presidents” • Who was the Square Deal suppose to balance the interests of? • How did William Howard Taft lose the support of Progressives before the election of 1912 over the issue of tariffs? • What was the name of the political party started by Theodore Roosevelt to run against Taft? • How did the plan for Roosevelt run for president against Taft backfire? • Use the map graph on page 682 to answer the following questions about the Election of 1912. • How many states did Taft win? • How many states did Roosevelt win?