Multiple Intelligence Theories Key: AWL to Study, Low-frequency Vocabulary What is intelligence? What is multiple intelligence?
Emergence of MI Theories • Psychologists reject the notion that IQ tests accurately assess general intelligence or measure full intellectual capacity. • Researchers suspect there may be better predictors for success in academic and professional spheres. What is IQ? Do you think IQ tests can accurately measure a person’s full range of intelligence?
Gardner’s MI Theory • IQ testing is too limited. • A focus on verbal and logical skills leads to labeling of truly gifted people as underachievers. What types of intelligence does an IQ test not measure?
High IQ Scores • Positive evaluations by school teachers. • Employment opportunities where IQ screeningis part of the application process. • IQ-equivalent entrance exams are required for college and university students in the US. Are IQ tests used for university entrance or employment applications in your country?
Gardner’s Research • Gardner conducted brain research on brain-damaged individuals. • He mapped nine regions of the brain that governnine types of intellectual behavior. • Individuals possess aptitudefor all nine types but are strong in only three areas. Which three types of intelligence do you possess?
The Nine Intelligences • Strengths reflect working styles and career direction • verbal: language instructor • logical: engineer • musical: composer • visual: artist • bodily-kinesthetic: dancer • interpersonal: teacher • intrapersonal: psychologist • naturalistic: biologist • existential: philosopher Do your career goals match the types of intelligence you possess?
Sternberg’s Theory • Sternberg’s Theory of Successful Intelligence is based on social and environmental factors. • Three sub-intelligences: • analytic • creative • practical Which type of intelligence do you think is most important for a successful life? Why?
Analytic Intelligence • Skills and abilities: • analyzing and evaluating various options • academic problem-solving of tasks with one correct answer • People with analytic intelligence often do well in school and are considered “book smart.” Do you possess analytic intelligence? Explain.
Creative Intelligence • Skills and abilities: • generating unique and appropriate solutions to novelproblems • resolvingone issue in a variety of formats • People with creative intelligence are “idea smart.” Do you possess creative intelligence? Explain.
Practical Intelligence • Skills and abilities: • dealing with everyday problems • adapting to a new environment • People with practical intelligence are “street smart.” Do you possess practical intelligence? Explain.
Successful Intelligence • The power to achieve a personal definition of success within a specific social and cultural milieu. • Analytic intelligence or IQ measures academic achievement. • However, the ability to generate ideas and common sense play a more significant role in determining success in the real world. Do you agree that creative intelligence and practical intelligence are more important than IQ?
Personal Success • Success begins with an assessment of personal strengths and weaknesses. • Use this knowledge to make the most of strengths and overcome limitations. • Create optimal life circumstances within a particular environment. Do you make the most of your strengths to overcome limitations in your life?