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Cloning and Stem Cell Research

Cloning and Stem Cell Research

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Cloning and Stem Cell Research

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  1. Cloning and Stem Cell Research Ethical Viewpoints Soraj Hongladarom Center for Ethics of Science and Technology Chulalongkorn University

  2. Viewpoints • Reproductive cloning • Therapeutic cloning • Thailand’s position

  3. Reproductive cloning • Is it ethical to reproduce another human being asexually? • What is the purpose of sexual reproduction? • Parthenogenesis • Cloning • What does it mean to be a human being?

  4. Therapeutic cloning • This is where the most controversies lie. • Is it ethical to ‘use’ what is potentially another human being as tissues to help treat another one? • Key point: what exactly is a potential human being?

  5. Three types of countries

  6. Key groups

  7. Problems • Is there a way to demarcate what is no more than a collection of tissues and a human embryo? • If cloned embryos at early stage could be used, then what about those at a later stage? Perhaps even a fetus? A baby? • What about remaining embryos from fertility labs? • Big problem: Who decides who lives and who dies?

  8. Julian Savulescu • There is no essential difference between a group of cells on my skin and a group of cells that will be cultured into stem cells. • In theory, any type of cells can be grown into a new, complete organism.

  9. What is unique about humans? • On the one hand, human beings are nothing more than a collection of cells. • But on the other, human beings comprise societies, with laws and histories and traditions. • The use of stem cells point to this ambivalence.

  10. What should we do? • Complete ban is out of the question. • But complete freedom is not acceptable either. • Alternatives should be found that do not destroy embryos. • Adult stem cells • More studies and discussions.