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Chinese Instruments. Qin . Qin is a seven-strings zither Qin was established by the time of the Tang dynasty(618-907). Qin has three categories of pitch: 1 . Harmonic 2 . Open-strings notes 3 . Pressed notes Qin’s function at ancient time. 1. Enjoyment. 2. Associated tool.
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Qin • Qin is a seven-strings zither • Qin was established by the time of the Tang dynasty(618-907). • Qin has three categories of pitch: • 1 . Harmonic • 2 . Open-strings notes • 3 . Pressed notes • Qin’s function at ancient time. • 1. Enjoyment. • 2. Associated tool. • The Qin in the modern time • The famous Qin pieces: • Meihuasannong (Plum Blossoms in Three Variations) • Guanshanyue (Moon over the Mountain Pass)
Pipa • A four-string, pear-shaped plucket lute • Pipa’s history:originally imported from Central Asia in Han Dynasty • Pipa:was originally used to as a generic term to name all kinds of plucketed lute • The Bent-neck pipa • The Straight -neck pipa • The Straight-necked lute • Performance methods and skills • Famous pieces • Great ambuscade • Moonlight over the Spring River
Sanxian • A three-string plucket lute: oval body, long unfretted neck • Where can you see sanxian: primarily in narrative music as the major accompanying instrument, as in traditional operas • Types of sanxian: • Larger model • Smaller model • History: first mentioned in China during the Yuan dynasty (early fourteenth century)
Zheng • A bridged long zither • Size: approximately 3 feet • Number of strings: varying, but 16-stringed zheng has been the most popular one in recent 200 years • History: dated back to Zhou and Han dynasties (sixth century B.C.) • Modern time:most popular of common-practice instrument in China • Features: • Tuned to pentatonic scale • Applying pressure for vibration and pushing to obtain non-pentatonic pitches • Famous pieces: • Creek in High Mountains • Song of the Fishermen’s Light