Chapter 9.2 Life during the Great Depression The Depression Worsens • By 1933: • 9,000 banks had failed • 30,000 companies out of business in 1932 alone • 12 million people out of work • Income had dropped from $2,300 to $1,600 (1933)
How people Survived: Soup Kitchens Private charities
Living conditions during the Depression: Foreclosures – many people lost their homes because they could not pay their mortgages.
People lived in “shantytowns” A.K.A. Hoovervilles
Hobos travelled the railways looking for work all over the country. Mostly men and boys.
Where? The Great Plains What was it? The farmland turned to dust for several reasons and was no longer productive.
Cause of the Dust Bowl: • Due to overproduction farmers left their fields uncultivated • Due to overproduction, crop prices fell – the barns were full. • Scant rainfall – farmers did not farm with irrigation like we do here in the valley. They relied on the rainfall. • The soil dried up. No nutrients in the soil. • It became a Dust Bowl.
The impact of the Dust Bowl: • People went broke and lost their farms. • They moved out of the area to find work. Many went West to California where they thought they could find work in agriculture. • This led to a new movement of people called the “Okies” – poor people from Oklahoma. • They came out in their cars with all their family and belongings.
Are you listening? Thumbs Up Thumbs Down = No = Yes Most of the migration from the Dust Bowl was eastward where the larger metropolitan areas were located so people could find jobs. Answer:
Escaping the Great Depression: Entertainment provided a way to escape the hardships of the depression. Many found escape in …. • Hollywood – • Movies – moving pictures, nickel movies • Disney – Snow White was the first full length animated film.
Radio: • Comedy shows – • Burns and Allen • Wild West – • The Lone Ranger • Adventure – • The Green Hornet • Soap Operas – • The Guiding light
The Depression and Art: Grant Wood – American Gothic
Give me the Finger(s): Answer the following question by showing me the correct number of fingers to the corresponding “best” answer. Don’t show me until I ask you to show me. Why were radio shows, movies, soap operas, etc. so popular during the Depression? 1. They provided jobs for people They made money for big business Provided avenues of escape and relief for people It provided pure entertainment. Answer: 3