Wells specific HSE information required while working on Wells worksites. Onshore Wells HSE Requirements HSE Requirements
HSE Requirements • All employees working at a Shell location shall wear a shirt and long pants at all times when in the field. • Tank tops, sleeveless shirts, skirts, short pants or cutoffs, and hi-heels are not permitted in the field. • FRC’s are required on all Wells locations. • Loose or floppy clothing is prohibited around rotating or moving equipment. • Long hair is to be secured under a hat or hair net. • Rings, neck chains or loose jewelry shall be removed.
Incident Management Incident Reporting & Case Management
Incident Management An incident is defined as an unplanned event that results in, or if the situation were slightly different, could result in: • Harm to People • Damage to an asset • Effect the Environment • Impact Company Reputation
Incident Management Incident Reporting As per the Onsite Orientations: • Report all incidents immediately: • Notify the Onsite Shell Representative of any incident or emergency regardless of the severity. This includes all injuries, near misses, asset damage, and environmental issues The Onsite Shell Representative’s must: • Ensure that the Contractor’s senior site representative or designee and/or Shell HSE personnel accompany any injured worker requiring medical attention. CASE MANAGEMENT • Initiate the local Emergency Response Plan (ERP) / Medical Emergency Response (MER) as required. • Ensure that an appropriate contractor incident investigation is completed to determine the immediate and basic cause of all incidents. • Ensure regulatory reporting as required.
Incident Management Quick attention to an incident assures proper response, including medical attention, and can often prevent an event from becoming more serious. Incident Investigation • The primary objective of an incident investigation is to prevent reoccurrence of similar incidents by identifying root causes and recommending remedial actions. • Root cause determination and identification. • Development and implementation of Corrective Action Plans • Communication throughout the organization.
Incident Management Case Management Our first priority is to provide the best possible medical care available however, manage recordability aggressively! This means, • We will ensure that an injured worker receives the appropriate medical care • Having a medic assess an injured worker • Having the injured worker go to a clinic or hospital based on the medic’s professional opinion and the workers wishes • We will ensure that the contractors senior representative escorts a worker to ensure they are aligned with our Case Management philosophy We MUST notify HSE of any worker going to the Clinic or Hospital prior to leaving location
Incident Management Once at the Clinic / Hospital Two questions to always ask an attending doctor • When offered a prescription, always ask if over-the-counter substitute is available • If you are able to return to work, ask for a full release to regular duty Key Points for the Physician • We assist workers recover from injuries/illnesses, & facilitate continued work, or early safe return to work, as soon as possible • We have a modified work program & are able to accommodate those with work restrictions • Due to our safety sensitive work environment, the use of over-the-counter medications where possible (instead of prescription medications) would be greatly appreciated - request for minimal invasive, but effective & clinically appropriate management
MER Medical Emergency Response (MER)
MER The objective of MER is to minimize the potential health consequences of workplace injury or acute illness. The principles of MER management are to: • Create awareness of emergency situations and of their potential for escalation; • Communicate MER procedures to staff who may respond to medical emergency at work as appropriate to their training, qualification, competence and available resources; • Develop an integrated consistent approach to managing MER at a Site, providing for coordinated action through several escalation tiers by several levels of expertise; • Provide reliable communications as needed to provide continuous medical support from the incident scene to the hospital if needed.
MER First Response • What is First Response? • Theimmediateassistance delivered by the person(s) nearest to the casualty at the time of the incident • All personnel are being trained in First Response • ensures we all know what to do in the event of an incident YOURactions in the first few minutes are critical You have a key role in starting Medical Emergency Response and helping ensure casualties receive adequate, timely care
MER Shell Tiered Medical Emergency Response Structure • Tiered Response Structure • Aims to ensure availability of adequate care in the event of a medical emergency
MER First Response • What are the Basic Steps to take? • Recognizea potential medical emergency • Call for help • Assessthe Areafor danger – make sure it’s safe to enter • Assess the Casualtyfor illness/injury • Provideinitial care – the “Do’s and Don’ts” • Remember, in reality these steps usually occur in parallel and involve more than one person
Shell Short Service Employee Policy SSE Policy
Short Service Employee (SSE) defined as employee new to company or position in the last (6) months A SSE may be … - New to the industry - New to the employer (e.g. From one drilling company to another drilling company even in the same position) May be new to their position (e.g. Promotions within the company) Out of Position worker (OOPs) Note: Contract personnel pre-approved to temporarily fill job positions for purposes of providing relief shall be managed per the Wells “Out of Position Relief Worker” Recommended Practice. SSE Policy Short Service Employees (SSE)
Short Service Employee Process • Crews with 5 persons or more must seek approval if the crew compliment exceeds 20%. Crews exceeding 30% SSE require a written variance approved by upper Shell management. • Minimum requirements for SSE employees: • SSE form • Mentors • Orientation • SSE stickers/hardhats • Removal from SSE status • Sub-contractors SSE Policy SSE Short Service Employee
SSE Policy Ensure Contractor submits appropriate SSE Forms prior to SSE’s arrival at the worksite. • Prior to each contractor arriving onsite, the contractor must send the SSE documents (Attachments I and J) and they must be approved by the OSR before work starts. • Must be completed by contractor for EACH SSE • Must be submitted and approved locally by OSR prior to arrival onsite • If there are SSEs then form must be completed to asses the overall crew SSE ratio • Must be submitted to OSR and approved prior to arrival onsite (e.g. Locally/Supt/WDM) • * see SSE Policy at uacontractor.com for proper forms
SSE Policy Ensure SSE is assigned a competent mentor to closely supervise the SSE and prevent the SSE from performing tasks for which he or she is not properly trained. Mentors: • are responsible to provide enhanced, close supervision to the new worker. • are Experienced Workers who are role models, willing to share knowledge, teach, coach and guide new workers. • can be an experienced worker/journeyman or a supervisor. • are responsible to provide task related guidance. • should ensure the trainee exhibits safe work practices and is managed appropriate to the risk.
SSE Policy Review recommendations for reduction of the 6-month SSE period for individual crew members and approve if competency demonstrations are met. As a minimum, a worker must demonstrate that they know and understand: • Safety rules and policies • Reporting procedures • Emergency Preparedness • Hazards of the job • Unsafe acts or conditions (know what NOT to do) • The SAFE procedures for the job • Who to go to for more information
Out of Position Worker OoPS Out of Position Relief Worker Policy
Out of Position Worker OoPS Case for Action: • Numerous accidents, injuries & near misses have occurred as the result of Out of Position or relief workers. • Industry activity level and staffing shortages have compounded the problem.
Out of Position Worker OoPS Policy Purpose: • Establish clear, fit-for-purpose guidelines that detail industry best practices regarding the management of risk associated with worker working in relief roles. • Minimize exposure to individual and crew members while staff work ‘Out of Position’. • Continue to provide means for on the job training (OJT) and allow individuals to gain experience and to progress/promote.
Out of Position Worker OoPS Policy Requirements: The following best practices have been identified within the industry and are to be considered when personnel are assigned relief assignments, regardless of duration: • Rigs to maintain an up-to-date relief roster of those individuals determined competent to provide relief, by position . • SSE’s not allowed to work as OoP. • Mentors assigned to OoP. • Only (1) OoP per drill/work crew. • Relief during ongoing work should be PAUSED and the work scope and JSA reviewed with the OoP. • Supervisors/mentors only permit OoP to perform familiar tasks. • Regular supervisors on-duty when OoP used, e.g.. OoP supervisor cannot supervise another OoP supervisor.
Shell Temporary Pipework Requirements Temporary Pipework
Temporary Pipework Temporary Pipework Equipment
Temporary Pipework Standard • Objectives • Produce a “Standard for Temporary Pipework & “Equipment Interfaces” • ‘Interfaces’: Temporary Pipework connections on any pressure equipment and/or accessories that are part of the combined Temporary Pressure Equipment spread • Produce a “Guidance for Implementation” • To explain and provide methods on how the requirements in the Standard should be implemented
Temporary Pipework Highlights Temporary Pipework Standard ensures the safe use of temporary pipework in operations that use this equipment and the associated pipework connection interfaces. • Temporary pipework is manufactured for use in either Standard or Sour Service environments. • It is preferred that temporary pipework equipment be supplied as one-piece (integral) forged items, but fabrication from pipe with butt-welded unions is acceptable. • Pressure de-rated pipework is not permitted. • The use of CHIKSAN swivels shall be kept to a minimum.
Temporary Pipework • Highlights • The following connections and pipework are not permitted for temporary well operations except under WDM approved Variance: • 2” FIG 602 hammer unions. • 2” FIG 1002 hammer unions. • Hammer unions transporting energised fluids at pressures greater than 10,000 psig. • Mismatched pipework hammer union components. • Hub connections with sealing faces from different manufacturers. • Mixing of Standard Service and Sour Service pipework on the same operation. • Pressure Sealing Thread (PST) pipework, except when used for wireline lubricators.
Temporary Pipework • Highlights • The following connections and pipework are not permitted for temporary well operations except under WDM approved Variance: • Pressure Sealing Thread pipework nominal size greater than 1/2” (line pipe connections) except for Utility Piping, transporting water and air at <285 psi.
Temporary Pipework • Use the Process Flow Diagram (PFD)and/or Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) furnished by the contractor to verify the standard layout for the job being performed. • Contractor has appropriate P&ID or PFD prior to rigging up. • Piping and Instrumentation (P&ID) : Process diagram including the specification breaks and detailing the process control instrumentation. • Process Flow Diagram (PFD) : This is a diagram of the process, usually omitting the instrumentation and controllers.
Temporary Pipework • Prior to any pumping or high pressure operations, communicate the following to all crew members in a safety meeting: • Test pressures, pressure release hazards, and personnel position during the test (e.g. identify bull, blank plugs and needle valves; position personnel out of the line of fire). • Proper pressure isolation points. • Verify that iron or hoses are 100% bled off before hitting any connections (e.g. stored energy). • Address the potential need for barrier size to change during the operation in the pre-job safety meeting or Job Safety Analysis before starting work.
Temporary Pipework • Before pressure testing, “walk the lines” to ensure conformance to supplied drawings and confirm it is safe to test. • Banded to verify that it is integral or NPST piping has been inspected, and is within the “in inspection period.” • Restrained by an engineered restraint system that has been assembled correctly per manufactures recommendations, visually inspected prior to use, and is of ample quantity to cover the job. • Incapable of being mismatched with like appearing components. • Suitable for service.
Temporary Pipework Examples - Engineered Restraints Restraints that have been designed with the shock load of a pipe rupture taken into consideration
Temporary Pipework • Before pressure testing, “walk the lines” to ensure conformance to supplied drawings and confirm it is safe to test. • When unable to confirm you must break connection and validate. • Example of a pre-pressure test temporary pipework checklist see table 8 of ABC Guide of Temporary Pipework.
Temporary Pipework • Verify inspection of all hammer unions is done using a “Go-No-Go” (gauge rings) to assure proper match. • If mismatched union (602, 1002) is found it must be tagged and removed from service. • Immediately notify OSR of contractors who do not comply.
Gap present on wrong make up. Incorrect combination 602 GO - 1502 NO GO Temporary Pipework Examples – Go-No-Go Rings
Temporary Pipework Available Posters
Temporary Pipework • Verify that flanged connections are torqued per recommended guidelines. • Ensure that personnel exclusion zones are established and only removed when rig down is complete. • Physical barriers for pressurized pumping and testing before operations commence.
Permit to Work System Permit-To-Work (PTW)
Permit-To-Work (PTW) • Shell utilizes a Permit-to-Work (PTW) process on routine and non-routine work activities • The PTW process is a comprehensive process • Shell encourages all contractors to utilize their PTW Process
Permit-To-Work (PTW) When is a Work Permit required? • Review Location Specific Jobs List on Permit Board • When the risk identified warrants • Contact the HSE Tech for clarification Permit Issuer and Permit Holder • Are all hazards identified in the JSA? • Are all controls sufficient to minimize the risk? • Does this job impact any other open/suspended Permit in any way? • Has a prejob walk through been conducted?
Permit-To-Work (PTW) Who shall review Permits? • For Shell work –Shell OSR • For Contractor work - Contractor Onsite Supervisor. • Any specialist signatories (Hot Work / Confined Space / LOTO / Local Lift Focal Point). Who shall approve Permits? • The applicable (Shell / Contractor) Permit Approver.
Permit-To-Work Content (PTW) • As a minimum, Permits must contain: • Location where work will be performed • Contractor performing the work • Supervisor (with company name) responsible for the work group • Description for the work to be performed • Prerequisites for the work • Concurrence and approval for work to start • All permits shall have attached Job Safety Analysis (JSA) • Pre-job walk throughs have taken place prior to the permitted work. • Actions to ensure the permits are properly closed out.
Shell Hands On Hands Off Policy HANDS ON / HANDS OFF
HANDS ON / HANDS OFF The intent in formalizing a “Hands-Off Suspended Loads” Policy is to greatly reduce/eliminate pinch-points, crush points, “struck by”, “caught between” and hand injuries that occur due to unpredictable or unanticipated movements of suspended/supported loads. To manage this risk to ALARP through the maximum practical use of tag lines, tail ropes, hooks, poles, pry bars, hand tools, self-alignment features, rig-specific procedures and close, “boots-on-the-ground” training and supervision. Hands on / Hands Off lists or incorporation of these tasks will be discussed and implemented on all Shell Wells sites.
HANDS ON / HANDS OFF Requirements Rig Floor HANDS ON ALLOWED In General: Loads under full control while maintaining clear communication between signalman and driller, air hoist or crane operator for the purpose of precise spotting, final positioning, stabbing pipe, connecting or disconnecting tubulars etc. • Drilling: • Bits • Bit Breakers • Drill Collars • Reamers, Stabilizers, Drilling Subs, Lift Subs, Running Tools, Wear Bushings, Test Plugs, Packing Elements f/ Rotating Heads • HWDP • Drill Pipe • Manual Tongs • Manual Elevators, Side-Door Elevators, Single-Joint Elevators • ST-80’s • Drilling Bales • Mud Buckets • Chiksan Hoses • Steam Heaters • Choke Consoles • Air Hoists • Kelly Hoses • Sub Racks • Running Casing: • Stabbing Boards & Hoists f/ Stabbing Boards • Fill-Up Tool while rigging up, rigging down and • while stabbing stinger into casing • Casing Elevators while rigging up, rigging • down and latching or unlatching elevator. • Casing Spiders • Casing Bales • Power Tongs • Individual Joints of Casing • Casing Swages & Safety Valves • Cementing: • Cement Heads & Manifolds • Temporary Piping/Surface Iron • Hoses • Logging: • Wire Line Sheaves • Logging Tools / Survey Barrels • Logging Adapters • Tool Carts
HANDS ON / HANDS OFF Requirements Rig Floor HANDS OFF REQUIRED In General: Loads under full control while maintaining clear communication between signalman and driller, air hoist or crane operator for the purpose of precise spotting, final positioning, stabbing pipe, connecting or disconnecting tubulars etc. • Drilling: • Trip Nipples • Rotary Master Bushings • Rotary Bushing Inserts • Pipe picked up from V-Door • Running casing: • Casing tools as they’re hoisted up the V-Door Ramp • Fill Up Tool after “stinging into” the casing • Top of casing collar while driller is lowering elevator prior to latching • Pin of casing joint during stabbing • Cementing: • Cementing equipment as it is hoisted up the V-Door Ramp • Logging: • Lines Under Tension • Sheaves
Job Safety Analysis Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis A Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a systematic analysis of a job that identifies hazards and mitigating controls for each step of a job and ensures responsible parties understand their individual roles. • JSA/JHA • A key tool to the PTW process • Helps ensure appropriate precautions and procedures are employed • A process for discussing and documenting each step of a job • Identifies the existing or potential HSE hazards • Determines the best way to perform the job to reduce or eliminate the hazards • Effective even when a Work Permit is not required.
Job Safety Analysis • Designed to make a job safer by: • Identifying hazards • Developing solutions that will control or eliminate exposures • Assisting in the development of or improving written procedures • To prevent any loss from happening. • All Team Members must be familiar with the controls for the task to be performed prior to work starting. • Items identified through JSA will require controls in place before work begins.