the conditional tense and subjunctive mood n.
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The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood

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The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood

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The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood

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  1. The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood

  2. Conditional • This used to say what would happen under certain circumstances or if not for other circumstances • The conditional tense consists of a form of werden followed by the infinative ichwürdewirwürden du würdestihrwürdet er/siewürdesie/Siewürden WirwürdenmehrZeitvordemFernseherverbringen

  3. When to use it? • The conditional tense is being used increasingly in the place of the subjunctive. • Siewürden das Hausnichtkaufen- they would not buy the house • The conditional is also used as a polite request WürdenSiebittewarten? NOTE: The conditional is never used for haben or sein!!

  4. The Subjunctive Mood • We all already use this in the modal verbs without realising it • Ichmöchte (would like)- this is a form of the subjunctive verb • The subjunctive is not a tense as it can be used throughout the tenses • The subjunctive is used as an alternative to the conditional tense and is mostly used with modals or in indirect speech and haben/sein

  5. Subjunctive • Ichhabe Geld- this sentence indicates what? • The subjunctive does the opposite • It tells the reader what they would have done had they had the money • Hätteich das Geld, würdeichnachEuropafahren A Fact

  6. How is the subjunctive formed? • Usually formed by putting the verb in to the imperfect tense and adding an umlaut (if possible) and adding an ‘e’ if there is already not one. • *** Exception is sollen and wollen- no umlaut is added

  7. Most commonly used with • They often include clauses with ‘wenn’ • haben/sein and modal verbs • Ichhätte das Besser machenkönnen • WennichZeitgehabthätte, wäreich ins Kino gegangen • Ichmöchte das machen • All other Verbs generally used the conditional instead • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirzum Strand gehen

  8. Subjunctive in other tenses • Hättest du Lust, mitunszugehen? • Ichwäregernmiteuchgegangen = present = past

  9. Can you tell the difference? • Ichwürdeeskaufen, wennichgenug Geld habe • IchhättemeinHausaufgabengemacht, wennichgenugZeithätte • Es wäre besser fürmichgewesen, wennichhätteabsagenkönnen • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirwanderngehen = conditional = subjunctive = subjunctive = conditional and subjunctive

  10. Your turn • If I had not seen it with my own eyes, I would not have believed it • If we had time, we would be able to go to the movies • If I won 2,000 Euro, I would fly to London WennichesnichtmiteingnenAugengesehenhätte, hätteichesnichtgeglaubt WennwirZeithätte, würdenwir ins Kino gehen Wennich 2,000 Euro winnenwürde, würdeichsofortnach London fliegen