What does stewardship mean?Especially in the context of BC forestry? Ralph Winter
Objectives To raise the question… • what does stewardship mean • who gets to make the decisions • what values do we want to steward • where do we express those values
What does stewardship mean • using and caring for the forest and passing it on to our children’s children undiminished in value(s) • does it mean any quantity or value of trees? • higher or lower revenues from future renters • does it mean more or less options • to achieve stewardship...do we just use stocking standards or does it include other standards?
So your wife has inherited some property with decadent old homes and wants replace it with something newer
Or wants to sell and move the existing home, and build something new
Who gets to say what the new house looks like? • Does the new builder - Basic Nothereforlong Company • Does Bill Initfortheoverhead and Faithful Renovations Bank of Cuba • or…..
Does your wife get to say what it should look like? • Do you get to guide the development of the new home • do you get to determine the specs or plans for the whole house
Does the accountant or bank provide • the right amount of money • at the right time • to fund the right contractors • to work on from the right plan • to produce the desired home or • to produce the desired renovations? • What happens if we start and the money goes away?
15 years later... BillInitfortheoverhead approaches the Faithful Renovations Bank of Cuba to make improvements to your home
Do you think she would be interested in having a say in the layout/color scheme & when & if we finish the 1st floor
To get what she wants ---you need a plan and design standards for the whole house…and not just plans for the 3 car garage
How do we get a plan & standards created for forest mgmt units in BC? • We have taken a stab at it with the silviculture strategies and the RMP process • have we got the right elements and standards? • are we too vague…does anything go? • do we need to do more…as we move to one plan approval or as licensees take on a greater role
General Principles • The Silviculture Strategy - is consistent with the forest stewardship principles outlined in key legislation (Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act, Ministry of Forests Act, etc). • provide a balance of short-and long- term benefits. • provide a balance of social, economic and environmental benefits.
General Principles • provide for current & future financial interest of the crown. • enhance forest health & the resistance of the forest resource to damage by fire, pests, etc. • activities should improve the productivity of the forest resources. • improve forest health, stand value, wildlife habitat, wood flow, and/or employment opportunities within provincial forests
Provincial Guidelines • present a silviculture program consistent with guidelines established in various policy documents • protect the financial interest of crown by • creating a future timber resource of timber high value and low operating cost; • ensuring that treatments are effective and costs reasonable, • ensuring that past investments in treatments are not lost; etc.
Provincial Guidelines • consistent with the de-facto higher-level plans, and existing operating agreements between district and licensee. • enhance future harvesting opportunities; the flexibility of future uses; etc.
2.1 High Priority • Activities that contribute to maintaining current harvest levels and to minimizing the anticipated interim shortfall in timber supply. • Protecting second-growth forests from insect epidemics and disease. • Activities that positively contribute to a continuous supply of habitat for red-listed and blue-listed species and regionally significant wildlife. • Complete required treatments to achieve obligations on backlog areas under silviculture prescriptions where the commencement date has been initiated.
2.1 High Priority • Conduct appropriate surveys or brushing treatments to protect existing investments by ensuring impeded areas remain Satisfactorily Restocked (SR) and achieve desired objectives and obligations. • On backlog areas - January 1, 1982 to September 30, 1987, conduct assessments and field surveys to establish baseline information to determine status and rank, if appropriate, for developing bSPs
2.1 High Priority • Complete all site preparation & planting on good & medium sites that are below minimum stocking • For backlog areas - pre - January 1, 1982, identify good & medium sites first, identify poor & low sites, and confirm that indicated site productivity is correct. • Conduct assessments & surveys to establish baseline information to determine where to develop bSPs • Complete site preparation & planting on good & medium sites
2.2 Medium Priority • Stand tending to increase the merchantable volume and/or value of long term timber supply. • Stand tending and pruning to enhance the seral stage distribution and structure of the forest. • Forest health enhancement activities where these offer greater returns on investment than other incremental silviculture activities.
2.3 Low Priority • where the security of investment is questionable because of land alienation, pests, etc. • high pest hazard areas unless a prescription shows that the incidence is acceptable based on the results of a formal pest incidence survey (is there one?)
2.4 Other issues • Good sites have the highest priority for pruning • Medium sites have the highest priority for fertilization
2.5 What future values • what kind of property value do we want to leave for the grandchildren • high or low (Oak Bay or Langford, Setchfield or Dunford) • What kind of growth rates in volume do we want to set • 1m3/ha/yr • 4m3/ha/yr • What kind of target revenue do we want the grandchildren to receive from future tenants • 50 pennies/m3 • 30 dollars/m3
Volume versus Value: Do we take a loss in volume in exchange for value
2.4 Other issues • What kind of diversified portfolio of species do we want to leave behind • all hemlock valued at $70/m3 • more cedar valued at $200/m3 • more fir valued at $130/m3 • What kind of structures will maximize value over short, mid and long term. • If you just look at volume…hemlock will do just great
2.6 At what cost? • What is the limit we want to spend to steward the property • backlog cost caps • incremental cost caps
How much do we discount the future and live for today? • Should you invest in silviculture for the future • It depends on the discount rate that we use • at 4% discount rates…don’t much in most of BC • at 2% significant areas treated • at 1% most areas can be treated • This is a critical issue that we must work on
Summary • Do we want to get more specific on provincial stewardship standards • do we let a very small group of MOF and industry make them up • what values do we want to steward • where and how do we express those values?