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  1. Bellringer Turn in your Homework to the Red Bin Fill out the Goals Sheet individually: You need to have: • 3 goals: one short-term goal, one medium-term goal, one long-term goal • One goal needs to be about academics, the others can be about anything you like • This is PERSONAL • BJOTD:

  2. Absolutism The 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries in Europe

  3. Europe Right Now • A rise of cites • A rise in the Middle Class (merchants)……who usually backed monarchies • Monarchs use their wealthy colonies to pay for their ambitions- Mercantilism • Church authority broke down, the Reformation and 30 Years War occurred • Religious and territorial disputes between states led to almost constant warfare • Some people wanted a strong leader to guide them through all the problems and changes taking place

  4. Activity • You have 10 minutes to draw your image of the perfect leader • You need to include: • The leader • 5 items/symbols included in the picture that demonstrate what it is about these leaders that made them perfect • For example: Owl eyes=wisdom

  5. The Theory of Absolutism • European monarchs tried to take the authority to rule without ANY limits. • Goal: to control all aspects of society

  6. Divine right: the idea that God created the monarchy and the monarchy acted as God’s representative on earth • The king answered only to God and not the people

  7. Exit Ticket • What is an absolute monarch? • What did these absolute monarchs in Europe feel gave them the right to rule?

  8. Bellringer • On your own piece of paper, label the page “Bellringer 11/5/2010” and answer the following questions in complete sentences. • Why were Europeans looking for a strong leader after the Age of Exploration and the Protestant Reformation? • What is an absolute monarch? What is divine right? • BJOTD:

  9. France and Louis XIV (1643- 1715) • Louis XIV is considered to be the ultimate example of an absolute monarch. • L’etatc’estmoi. (I am the state) • “Call me the ‘sun king’ because all that is good radiates from me.”

  10. How he gained absolute power • Weakened the power of the nobles • Increased the power of government workers

  11. Jean Baptiste Colbert, Minister of Finance, tried to make France self-sufficient through mercantilism • In other words, he wanted France to make all its own goods • Placed high tariffs (taxes) on goods from other countries • Encouraged people to move to France’s colonies to help export more raw materials to France • Fur trade from America added money to the treasury

  12. Bad side of Louis: • After Baptiste died, Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes. • Many skilled Protestant artisans and businessmen fled to other countries • What was the effect of this?

  13. Louis’ Grand Style • Louis surrounded himself with only the best • Each meal was a feast with over 500 cooks • Louis was awake every day at 7:30 and outside stood 100 nobles all waiting to help him dress, however, only 4 were given the honor of getting him his slippers

  14. He built a huge palace, the Palace at Versailles, 11 miles outside of Paris

  15. 15,000 acres of gardens • 1,400 fountains • 36,000 laborers • 2,000 rooms • Cost: 2 billion dollars

  16. Louis’ Downfall • Under Louis, France was the most powerful country in Europe • In a series of wars, France tried to increase its boundaries, and won a few territories. • However, France was weakened due to bad harvests and high taxes put in place to pay for the wars • France was forced to give Great Britain its North American territories after losing the Seven Year’s War

  17. Processing • How did Louis XIV increase his control over his country? • How did Louis XIV bring disaster to France?

  18. Prussia’s Background • Before Fredrick the Great, Frederick William, after seeing the destruction the 30 Year War left built a strong Army • They army was the strongest in Europe and had over 80,000 men. • Frederick William created a strong military society, but feared his son would not be strong enough to rule so he raised his son very tough.

  19. Prussia and Frederick the Great (1740-1786) • Prussia was a new state north of Austria • It later became part of Germany • Prussia rose to power in the late 1600s • Ruling family: Hohenzollerns • Frederick the Great created a strong military society

  20. Russia’s Background • Ivan IV, called Ivan the Terrible was Russia’s first Czar • GOOD: gained territory, and developed a code of laws • BAD: His wife was murdered and to avenge her death he hunted down anyone he thought was a traitor and killed them, usually the boyars (landowners) • “Secret Police” killed thousands • After Ivan, Russia fell into a period of turmoil • Russia needed a strong leader

  21. Russia and Peter the Great(1696-1725) • Peter took the throne in 1696 • Russia still underdeveloped: made up of serfs and boyars (landowners) • Russia was cut off from Western Europe • Mongol rulers kept them isolated during Renaissance and Age of Exploration • Geographic barriers: ice • Religion: Eastern Orthodox

  22. Peter visited Western Europe and saw: • New inventions and tools • Ships and exploration • Peter wanted a warm weather port (dock) to help modernize the country

  23. Main goal: to westernize Russia • Peter believed he needed ABSOLUTE control to accomplish this

  24. How Peter Westernized Russia • Took over Eastern Orthodox church • Took power from landowners • Modernized the army: western tactics and weapons • New army=more taxes • Increased women’s rights • Ordered nobles to wear western fashions

  25. New Land • Peter went to war with Sweden to gain control of the Baltic Coast. • After 21 years, he won and built St. Petersburg • It became his new capital city

  26. Processing • What was Prussia’s society based on? • Who did Louis XIV and Peter the Great both have to take power from, and why?

  27. Absolutism Activity • Create a caricature (one per side of page) for each of the absolute monarchs • Louis XIV (front p 1) • Frederick the Great (back p 1) • Peter the Great (front p 2)

  28. Neat- straight lines, neat writing…. • Title for each drawing • A background with important pieces labeled- • Incorporate major parts from the notes- at least 5 • THIS WILL BE GRADED

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