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Qualitative Research

Qualitative Research

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Qualitative Research

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  1. Qualitative Research • Purpose: • Understanding of meaning from participants’ point of view, and the rules that organize their meaning making process • Privileging the stories of participants • Stories are lived and witnessed as they unfold • Stories are told and heard • Co-construct meaning with students

  2. Sensitive to the “social construction of reality” • To consider people’s experiences, we must address their subjective meanings and interpretive practices as well as how particular social realities emerge and are perpetuated • Social reality: the world view that people take on as their own including beliefs, attitudes, norms, and rules that govern behavior

  3. The conception of social reality is not to be understood as diminishing the importance of material events; rather it calls attention to a different layer of interpretation that contextualizes material conditions and enables coordination of activity

  4. Ogden and Richards’ Triangle of Meaning Thought (Reference) Semantic Triangle Word (Symbol) Thing (Referent)

  5. What constitutes “data” in QR? • Field notes • Recordings/transcriptions • Written/electronic documents • Photographs/visual images • Artifacts

  6. Participant Observations • Researcher participates as an actor in events under study • “natives” – people you observe and interact with in settings Complete Complete participant Observer

  7. What to observe? • Practices • Episodes/encounters • Roles • Relationships • Groups, organizations, settlements • Lifestyle/subculture • Norms of interaction

  8. Field Notes • Backbone of PO • Sequential record of observations • Descriptive as well as reflective notes

  9. Interviews • Communication performance jointly enacted by interviewee and interviewer • Interviewer “wanders” the landscape and enters into conversation with people encountered Structured Unstructured

  10. Research Purposes of Interviewing • Learn about phenomena that cannot be observed • Explore interviewee’s perceptions/feelings • Privilege informants’ language use • Tool for triangulation

  11. Criteria for assessingRigor of Qualitative Research • Theoretical Saturation • Assumes patterns saturated the data in order to allow researcher strength to develop theory • Credibility • Do conclusions ring true for people studied? • Dependability • Is research process trackable? • Movability • Is enough detail provided to ascertain extent to which findings might apply elsewhere • Emotive, evocative, aesthetic account • So what?