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Pre History

Pre History

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Pre History

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  1. PreHistory Chapter I Pre-history to 3500 BC

  2. PRE-HISTORY Problems to Solve • TEXT

  3. PRE-HISTORY Vocabulary • Historians—people who study history • Pre-history—the period before writing was developed • Archaeology—Study of past societies • Anthropology—study of human life and culture

  4. PRE-HISTORY Vocabulary • Artifacts—tools, paintings, pottery, weapons, buildings and household items • Fossils—remains of a living creature

  5. PRE-HISTORY Dating Fossils and Artifacts • Radiocarbon dating • Only accurate up to 50,000 years • Thermo-luminescence dating • Good up to 200K years

  6. PRE-HISTORY Man • Hominids • Humans and other creatures that walk upright • Australopithecines • The first hominids

  7. PRE-HISTORY Man • Hominids • Humans and other creatures that walk upright • Homo erectus • “Upright human beings”

  8. PRE-HISTORY Man • Hominids • Humans and other creatures that walk upright • Homo sapiens • “Wise human being” Neanderthals Homo sapiens sapiens

  9. PRE-HISTORY • Life in Paleolithic Planet Earth • Paleolithic Age— • Hunted and gathered • Men hunted large animals and gathered; Women gathered and hunted small animals. • Used simple weapons • Women raised kids • Nomadic

  10. PRE-HISTORY • Neolithic Revolution • Neolithicmeans “new stone,” hence the New Stone Age • The Change • a shift from a hunter-gatherer society to systematic agriculture. • They grew their own crops and domesticatedanimals for consumption.

  11. PRE-HISTORY • Neolithic Revolution • Why was such a change a “revolution”? • End of the nomadic way of life • Beginning of community • Crops and Cattle • Wheat and barley • Pigs, cows, goats, and sheep • Agriculture spread from SW Asia to SE Europe, Nile valley in Egypt to the rest of Africa, India, and then to China and the New World.

  12. PRE-HISTORY • Neolithic Revolution • Farming Villages • Oldest are in SW Asia—Jericho • Catal Hüyük, Turkey

  13. PRE-HISTORY • Neolithic Revolution • Artisans • As agriculture progressed, people had time to learn other skills and build non-sustaining buildings • Examples: weaponry, jewelers, religious temples, fortified buildings and walls • Trade began

  14. PRE-HISTORY • End of an Age • The New Stone Age ended • Why? • With the newly found use of metal instead of stone, tools and life were made easier. • Copper was used first • Then when combined with tin they got bronze • Thus the beginning of the Bronze Age

  15. PRE-HISTORY • Dawn of Civilization • Beginning of Civilization • def.- complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements • Six Parts • Rise of cities • develop in river valleys • because of the need of water for farming

  16. PRE-HISTORY • Dawn of Civilization • Government • to organize agriculture, defense of a city, and armies • usually monarchs (kings or queens) ruled • Religion • all civilizations developed a religion • priests supervised rituals to please the gods • rulers claimed power by divine approval

  17. PRE-HISTORY • Dawn of Civilization • Society becomes structured • Classes develop • Upper class—rulers and monarchs • Free class—farmers, artisans, and craftsmen • Slave class • Advancements • independent by city, sometimes spread • not all advanced as quickly as others

  18. PRE-HISTORY • Dawn of Civilization • Writing • first used to create records • the first were numbers, then symbols • all societies eventually use writing • first literature came soon after • Art • Building structures • Temples and pyramids • Paintings and sculpture