The Labeling Perspective • Three Interrelated Concerns:1)Social-Historical Development of Labels2)Application of labels3)Practical Consequences of Labeling Process
The Labeling Perspective • Mead’s Psychology of Punitive Justice • Tannenbaum’s Crime and Community • Lemert’s Social Pathology • Becker’s The Outsiders and The Other Side • Why was this Perspective so popular in the 1960s?
The Labeling Perspective • Labeling Perspective has Different Focus from Other Theories of Deviance • Becker’s Issues with the Processmoral entrepeneurs • Becker’s Sequential Model of Deviance • Deviance as a Master Status
The Labeling Perspective • Primary and Secondary DevianceLabeling Amplifies Deviance • Retrospective Interpretation • Goffman’s Stigma • So Why Do We Label?
The Labeling Perspective • Can You Recover from a Label? • What About Rejecting a Label? • Notion of Power: Links to Conflict Theory