2012 OlympicGames London Pärnu Ühisgümnaasium Kärt Üpraus G3a
Election • Thecityof London will host the XXX OlympicGamesfromthe 27th Julyto 12th August 2012. Following four rounds of voting by members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 6 July 2005 at the 117th IOC Session, in Singapore, London eventually triumphed by taking 54 votes from a possible 104. This gave London the majority that it needed to be elected as the host city for the 2012 Games. London had to overcome stiff competition, however, in the form of Paris, New York, Moscow and Madrid in its bid to get the Games.
Getting ready for the Olympic Games • Olympic Park The focus of the London 2012 Games will be the Olympic Park in east London, which will house the new sport venues.The Park is located in the Lower Lea Valley - an area of great untapped potential. After the Games the area will be transformed into the largest urban park created in Europe for more than 150 years.Building work began three months early with the start of construction of the Olympic Stadium in May 2008. The buiding of theOlympic Park is one of thelargest constructions and engineering projects in Europe.So far there have been completed stage one - the planning and set up for the Olympic Parkand stage two – getting the site ready for construction work. Stage two included cleaning up contaminated land and demolishing 220 buildings, there have been put up new power lines and now the third stage has begun – the big build ( the Olympic Stadium, the Aquatics Centre and Olympic Village ).
TheOlympicStadium The innovative Olympic Stadium design allows for an 80,000 seat Athletics stadium to be converted into a more easily maintained 25,000 seat venue after the Games. A 20m-high 'wrap' will encircle the 900m circumference of the Stadium. Artists will create a large mural on the wrap of historical sporting champions, participating countries' flags and sponsor logos, giving the Stadium its distinctive appearance. The Olympic Stadium will be at the heart of the London Olympic and Paralympic Games. All Athletics events will take place in the Stadium as well as the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, watched by millions of people around the world. After the Games, the Stadium will be transformed into a 25,000 capacity venue that will host a variety of sporting, educational, cultural and community events. It will be a venue for memorable sporting moments during 2012, but it will continue to add value to the local community for years to come. The Olympic Stadium will be at the south of the Olympic Park on an island site surrounded on three sides by waterways, within easy walking distance of the Olympic Village and warm-up facilities.The construction of the stadium officially started on the 22th of May 2008 when Prime Minister Gordon Brown was on the site to see the beginning of the work and also met some of the workers. Now the stadium is allready beginning to take shape, but still the construction works will last for some years.
The Aquatic Centre The Aquatic Centre is locatedin the south east corner of the Olympic Park, the Aquatics Centre will be the ‘gateway’ to the Park during the Games. It will include a 50m competition pool, a 25m competition Diving pool and a 50m warm-up training pool. Water Polo will be held next to it in a temporary 5,000-seat venue with competition and warm-up pools. During the games the Aquatics Centre will host a range of events including Swimming, Synchronised Swimming, Diving, Water Polo finals and the aquatics discipline of the Modern Pentathlon in the Olympic Games. For the Paralympic Games it will be the venue for the Swimming competition.The capacity will be 17,500 seats for the main competition pool and Diving, and 5,000 seats for the Water Polo venue After the Games the Aquatics Centre will be transformed into a facility for both community and elite use. The temporary seating will be removed, leaving 2,500 seats - with the capacity to be increased for major competitions. The local community, clubs and schools will be able to use the Centre. A ‘leisure water’ facility will also be provided; this will be developed after the Games by the London Development Agency.
The Olympic Village The Olympic Village will be situated in walking distance from the other venues like the Olympic Stadium. It will provide thousands of beds for athletes during the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Along with this accommodation, it will comprise shops, restaurants, medical, media and leisure facilities, large areas of open space and a water feature. The Village will also include an ‘International Zone’ where athletes can meet with friends and family. After the Games the Village will become part of the overall Stratford City regeneration scheme, including a new regional shopping centre with additional leisure, office and residential areas. It will be transformed into up to 3,300 new homes, with a mix of affordable housing, and accommodation for sale and rent. The communities that develop in the area after the Games will be supported by new parks, open space, community facilities and transport links.
Technology Thechnology will play an important role in both the build up to 2012 and the Games themselves. Because the quick change of information is vital nowadays, the venues of the Games will be provided with Internet access, all the measurements will be taken with the most accurate and modern measure instruments. Working with the media and the camera work is also very important and therefore it is crusial to broadcast all the events, for example the ceremonies and the competitions. Getting ready and planning the Olympic Games is a very good chance to introduce new tecnologyes and use modern ways of building and computer tecnology, therefore London or England will show its developement in modern sience.
Ceremonies OneofthemainfeaturesoftheGames are theceremonies. The first major events for London 2012 were at the Closing Ceremonies of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games (24 August) and Paralympic Games (17 September). Thesewerethe so calledHandoverCeremonies. Each featured a special 'Handover' segment and London become the next Host City of the Summer Games. In the Ceremonies, a Flag was passed from the Mayor of Beijing to the Mayor of London. It was followed by a short performance inviting the world to London for the 2012 Games. The Torch Relay is an important part of the build up to the Games. Celebrating and uniting sport and culture, it will bring the spirit of the Games to the whole of the UK in the months leading up to the Opening Ceremony.Lit in Olympia, the Torch will make an international journey before arriving in the UK. Carried by Torch bearers selected through a ballot process, the Olympic Flame will pass through communities, with entertainment, shows and concerts marking its arrival. There will be educational programmes for young people and the chance to take part as a volunteer. The build up to the Paralympic Games will also be marked by a UK-wide Paralympics Torch Relay in August 2012. Celebrations and events will feature as part of the period leading up to the Opening Ceremony of the Paralympic Games on 29 August 2012. The Opening and Closing Ceremonies are always something to remember. It will be a spectacular scene where are fireworks, music, dance, culture and all the athlets from around the world. The ceremonies will welcome the world to London, because every thyrd person in the world is going to watch it. Tehy will also set the tune for the 2012 Games. They will recognise the competing athletes and celebrate the Olympic and Paralympic values and spirit of friendship in a spectacular display of colours, excitement, pageantry and culture.
Sports In the Olympic Games are represented the following sports: aquatics, archery, athletics, badminton, basketball, boxing, canoe and kayak, cycling, equestrian, fencing, football, gymnastics, handball, hockey, judo, modern, pentathlon, rowing, sailing, shooting, table, tennis, taekwondo, tennis, triathlon, volleyball, weightlifting, wrestling. Paralympic Games: boccia, football five-a-side, football seven-a-side, goalball, paralympic archery, paralympic athletics, paralympic cycling, paralympic equestrian, paralympic judo, paralympic powerlifting, paralympic rowing, paralympic sailing, paralympic shooting, paralympic swimming, paralympic table tennis, volleyball (sitting), wheelchair basketbal, wheelchair fencing, wheelchair rugby, wheelchair tennis.
London 2012’s ambition is to create a Game for everyone, where everyone is invited to take part, join in and enjoy the most exciting event in the world. London 2012 wantsto create the most accessible and participative Games. It is believed to touch people as it has never done before, stimulating people to do more and to try new things and reassess what we are all capable of.