Joan Miró ferra By: Cassidy Reno 2nd hour Humanities
From the beginning • Born April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain Died Dec. 25, 1893 (at age 90) in Palma, Majorca, Spain • Father, Miguel, was a gold smith and watch maker • Grandfathers were cabinet makers and blacksmiths. • Joan showed a strong passion for art at an early age, he did not excel otherwise in academics.
education • Miró pursued art-making and studied landscape and decorative art at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts (the Llotja) in Barcelona. • At his parents requests, Miró began to attend the School of Commerce from 1907-1910. • His short business schooling years instilled hard working ethics but pushed him away from the business world. • “nervous breakdown” caused him to drop out of the school and focus on his art.
Early training • In 1912 Miró enrolled in an art academy in Barcelona • Taught Miró about modern art movements in Western Europe • Miró was also encouraged to go out into the countryside in the midst of the landscapes he wished to paint and to study the artistic practices of his contemporaries. • Between 1912 and 1920, Miró painted still-life's, nudes, and landscapes. • Style during this period in his early career has been referred to as "poetic realism."
Chapel of Sant Joan d'Horta, 1917 Oil on cardboard Shows a subtle tendency towards Fauvism. • Movement in French painting that revolutionized the concept of color in modern art.
Mature period • In 1919, Miró moved to Paris to continue his artistic development. • His life was difficult due to financial hardships. • Met Pablo Picasso • Divided his time between Paris and Montroig, Spain • He associated with the poets Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy, and Tristan Tzara. • Participated in dada activities • Miró received early encouragement from the dealer José Dalmau. • Organized Miró’s first solo show in Paris, at the Galerie la Licorne in 1921.
Mature period cont. • In 1924 Miró joined the Surrealist group. • His solo show at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, in 1925 was a major Surrealist event. • Painted fantastic and bizarre interpretations of his dreams.
The White Glove • 1925; oil on canvas • Selection of the elements and their balanced arrangement on an undefined background place them on a more general level, representing ideas rather than concrete objects.
family • Miró marriedPilarJuncosa Iglesias in 1929. • Shegavebirthtotheironlydaughter, MaríaDolors, in 1931.
war • In 1934, Miró's art began to be exhibited in both France and the United States. • He was still residing in Paris when war broke out in Europe. • 1941 Miró was forced to flee to Mallorca with his family • Warfare and political tension were prominent themes in his art during this period • His canvases became increasingly grotesque and brutal.
Morning star-1940 Gouache, oil and pastel on paper. • A method of painting using opaque pigments ground in water and thickened with a glue-like substance. Miró felt a need to escape from the surrounding reality.
After the war • In the 1950s, Miró began dividing his time between Spain and France. • By the mid-1950s, Miró had begun working on a much larger scale, both on canvas and in ceramics. • In 1959, Miró along with Salvador Dalí, Enrique Tabara, and Eugenio Granell participated in Homage to Surrealism • Exhibition in Spain organized by Andre Breton • During the 1960s he continued to break away from his own patterns, in some instances revisiting and reinterpreting some of his older works. • His later work is recognized as more mature, distilled, and refined in terms of form.
Joan Miró-“Self Portrait” 1937-1960 Painted in oil/pencil Demonstrates that Miro thought of himself as an ever changing and evolving person that had a very humble opinion of himself.
Late period and death • As Miró aged, he continued to receive many awards and public commissions. • In 1974, he was commissioned to create a tapestry for New York's World Trade Center. • He received an honorary degree from the University of Barcelona in 1979. • Miró died at his home in 1983, a year after completing Woman and Bird. • Heart disease
Woman and Bird Barcelona, Spain
sources • http://www.theartstory.org/artist-miro-joan.htm • http://www.fundaciomiro-bcn.org/colecciojm_pintures.php?idioma=2 • http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/collections/collection-online/show-full/bio/?artist_name=Joan%20Mir%C3%B3 • http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv&GRid=32393100&PIpi=14623522