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Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users

Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users

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Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users

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  1. Drugs In Sport Clinic and User Support DISCUS Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users Ralph Heron Team Manager Harm Minimisation Service 13 &14/10/05

  2. Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users Aims • Side Effects of PEDS • PEDs and Associated Substances • Overview of DISCUS • The Role of Harm Minimisation

  3. The issue is not just about using Steroids But about using a wide range of Performance Enhancing Drugs Steroid use gets the headlines The other substances (e.g. Insulin, Human Growth Hormone) do not make the headlines but are used alongside the steroids Is it Just Steroids

  4. Body Builders

  5. Body Builders

  6. Body Builders

  7. Body Builders

  8. Historical • Egyptian pharaohs boil hind hooves of ass to give a sporting edge • Roman gladiators use strychnine and wine with chariot racers feeding horses “mixtures” to make them run faster • Olympians using magic mushrooms in 300 b.c. • Vikings renowned for fighting in frenzied state, fuelled by magic mushrooms • Legendary Knights drink magical potions from Merlins cup

  9. A Win for Stanozolol!!

  10. Whats Used?

  11. Commonly Used Orals • Oxandrolone - Anavar* • Testosterone Undecanoate - Andriol • Methandienone - Dianabol* • Methenolone - Primobolan • Stanozolol - Winstrol* *Denotes 17 alpha-alkylated compounds

  12. Commonly Used I.M. A.A.S. • Nandrolone Decanoate - Deca Durabolin • Methandienone – Dianabol* • Boldenone Undecanoate - Equipoise • Formebolone - Esiclene • Trenbolone - Parabolan • Methenolone - Primobolan • Stanozolol - Stromba* • Testosterone Esters - Sustanon(Mix of IV)Testex (Mix of II)

  13. Boldenone Calusterone* Clostebol Danazol* Drostanolone Epitostanol Ethyloestrenol* Fluoxymesterone* Formebolone Furazabol* Mepitiostane Mesterolone Methandienone* Methandriol* Methenolone Methyltestosterone* Androgens and Anabolics *Denotes 17 alpha-alkylated compounds

  14. Mibolerone Nandrolone Norclostebol Norethandrolone* Oxabolone Oxandrolone* Oxymethalone* Prasterone Quinbolone Stanolone Stanozolol* Testosterone Trenbolone Androgens and Anabolics * Denotes 17 alpha-alkylated compounds

  15. Not just steroids • Insulin • Ephedrine • Dehydrating Agents • Growth hormone • HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin) • Nubain • Clomid • Tamoxifen • Recreational Drugs

  16. Effects

  17. Increased muscle mass Increased strength Ability to train longer/harder Enhanced appearance Weight gain Increased confidence Feeling of wellbeing Increased aggression Feeling powerful Increased libido Main Positive Effects of P.E.Ds Cited by Service Users Physical Psychological

  18. Tender injection site Gynaecomastia Acne Tissue scarring Increased aggression Paranoia Fear of disease Fear of effects on cessation of P.E.D use Main Negative Effects of P.E.Ds Cited by Service Users Psychological Physical

  19. Problems Associated • Altered Coagulation • Increased Haematocrit (HCT) • Infertility • Testicular shrinkage • Clitoral hypertrophy • Epiphyseal closure in prepubertal children

  20. Psychological • Psychosis • Hypomania • Euphoria • Emotional Lability • Aggression • Irritability • Reckless behaviour • Increased libido • Paranoid reactions

  21. The Role of Harm Minimisation

  22. The Price Some Will Pay • “If I had a magic drug that was so fantastic that if you took it once you would win every competition you would enter, from the Olympic decathlon to the Mr.Universe, for the next five years, but it had one minor drawback – it would kill you five years after you took it – would you still take the drug?”

  23. Harm Minimisation • Start with lowest dose/stack possible • Optimise diet and training regimes • Use low androgenic initially • Regular investigations • Shortest cycle possible with max. time off cycle • Use your own, sterile injecting equipment • Correct injecting technique • Know your source of gear SOURSUCK

  24. Creatine Monohydrate • Acts as muscle’s capacitor • Effective in 70% of users • 5-7lb of lean muscle • Each dose = 2lb steak • Take in warm drink with 100g of carbohydrate • Loading phase = 10g for 5/7 then 5g for 5/7 • Maintenance phase = 2g daily

  25. Drugs In Sport Clinic and User Support The DISCUS Team 11 years old this year Clinic Co-ordinator Nurse DISCUSClient Women’s Outreach Sports Dietician R.M.O.

  26. Why DISCUS? • Need identified locally in 1993 • 50% of needle exchanges were for PED users • Prevention of blood borne infections • PED users reluctant to approach existing “drugs” services • Experience within gyms • Gateway service focussing on harm reduction

  27. Services Available • 2 Hours per week • 700 individuals registered • Informal and confidential • Full range of injecting equipment services • Safer injecting advice • Responsible Medical Officer • Nursing assessment

  28. Services Available 2 • Dietician • Hepatitis A & B vaccination • Regular blood investigations (LFTs, FBC, Cholesterol etc) • ECG • Body fat analysis • Referral on to other services if/when necessary

  29. Activity Levels 04-05

  30. Number 86

  31. Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users • What can you provide • What can’t you provide • Why can’t you provide • What is realistic • What are the constraints • What are the benefits to service users

  32. Our Role • “Substance misusers have the same entitlement as other clients to the services provided by the National Health Service. It is the responsibility of all Health Care Workers to provide care for both the general health needs and drug related problems, whether or not the patient is ready to withdraw from drugs.” • Where do services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users fit into this statement???? Department of Health (1999)

  33. Providing Services for Performance Enhancing Drug Users Ralph Heron Team Manager Harm Minimisation Service and DISCUS Contact details 0191 3336032/6031 07747865604 (Mobile and Contact Number for DISCUS) ralph.heron@cddps.nhs.uk