7 Digital Photography Concepts You Have To know

# 7 Digital Photography Concepts You Have To know

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## 7 Digital Photography Concepts You Have To know

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1. 7 Digital Photography Concepts You Have To know ‘ I . -.1‘? j/ ’I 9 ‘ :9 ll I/ /*4 , .yIl/ IL/ '3¢I/ IJ i E Lpltotégitaphg - , , 3 I5’ I / ~. }.. »:. ,r‘L : ¢l / - gou HAVE to know

2. as illustrated big rang A0 wet l4angaowai@ovnooLcom. /

3. how much light passes through the lens to enterthe camera.

4. The width of the cpeningiletermines the actual amount of light that enters the camera (to reach the image sensor. )

5. Apenure provides two main functions: 0 exposure '. ’c1epuh of ‘field

6. 0 Firstly, aperture controls the GXPOSUTG - i. e. the amount of light passing through the lens. . 7 Aperture Lens

7. When you change the aperture value, you are actually varying the amount of light passing through the lens. ‘ Aperbure Lens

8. The aperture is defined as an f-stop (aha f-numher or f-ratio), commonly expressed in the form of an “'f/ ” follow by a

9. The aperture is defined as an f-stop (aha f-numher or f-ratio), commonly expressed in the form of an “'f/ ” follow by a For example:

10. A smaller aperture has a higher f-stop value. . ._ --. »§. ‘

11. A smaller aperture has a higher f-stop value. . ._ --. »§. ‘

12. A smaller aperture has a higher f-stop value. . ._ --. »§. ‘

13. A larger aperture has a lower f-stop value.

14. Large Aperbure 'r"/ 'i.8 A larger aperture has a lower f-stop value.

15. Large Aperbure = Low f-stop A larger aperture has a lower f-stop value.

16. E . .£”‘: r', ‘I: —1,i: *e1I. .I, 'r’; -1‘ 2,ljr. r«il l_.1;‘ lli1'rl | _.; !1;4_l -alri ii , §,ll, =.. l_fil'»"l? -ll .3 f-stop Value f/1.8 f/2.8 f/4.8 f/5.6 fI8 r/11 light level “"’““‘“~—-

17. <1‘; The other function of aperture is to adjust the li l: rl‘l l 7 l “l ell and the image sharpness. h . Image source - https: //www. youtube. com/ watch? v=fmKAeF3Zl4Y

18. 9 The other function of aperture is to adjust the depth Of field and the image sharpness. Area Sharpened Focus Point: ' ‘(NI ‘: I38

19. -\$- Focus Point: A large aperture (low f-stop) reduces the depth of field (MT) and results in the background looking blur. Image source - https: //www. youtube. com/ watch? v=iHxG1f3X1f4

20. Large Aperbure = Low f-stop = Shallow DoF = :': c"ki; ,'ound A large aperture (low f-stop) reduces the depth of field (DoF) and results in the background looking blur. e source » hups: //www. youxube com/ warch? v:rHxG1f3X1f4

21. Y W : :— ? 'o1ol| .l~‘w"Il1I1"‘ When the aperture is decreased (high f-stop), the image gains a deeper depth of field (DoF) and results in the background looking clear.

22. -\$- Focus Points Sharper Small Aperbure = High f-stop = Deep DoF = Baokgmund When the aperture is decreased (high f-stop), the image gains a deeper depth of field (DoF) and results in the background looking clear. Image source — hnps: //www. youtube. com/ watch? v=iHxG1f3X1f4

23. I80 is the level of sensitivity of your camera to available light. Image source - Imp: //www. wired. co. uk/ news/ archive/2013-08/2/lighbmoves-hydrogels/ viewgallery/306811

24. I80 stands for Ii~! TERlvIATl0l~IAl 0IlllAl»! |ZATlﬂI~! ron STAl»! DARDlZATlul»I - the main governing body that standardizes sensitivity ratings for camera sensors.

25. The component within your camera that can change sensitivity is called “image sensor” or simply “sensor”.

26. I I" I Ij J r It is the most important (and most If I expensive) part of a camera and it ' ‘T is responsible for gathering light j and transforming it into an image. G I : 2 E j . ' 1 ‘ J1y_-7, Image source - https: //www. ﬂickr. com/ photos/ dailym/3769023686ﬁn/ phot oooo eam/

27. When you change your ISIJ settings, you are adjusting your camera's sensitivity to light. Low ISO ____. --2 High ISO

28. The value of I80 doubles with each increment - 25, so, inn, :uli, , (iii ll , All ll , l”l*lllll , fL ll l, Tl ll

29. The higher the number, the more sensitive your camera is to light.

30. lower I80 (full, 200) is good when you are shooting in bright day light

31. When you have less light (i. e. darker surrounding), you will raise the I80 up (400, 800, I000) to compensate.

32. s, r . , ‘ ‘I a , _ . ~. . . : ~s. ~ *. /» i« ‘-3 . _ x, . , _ , H S? " ‘ ‘V ‘I ~ "g 1 K '-7;_‘, ' 3 3.. ?{. . ..-_ -. - ' K‘ __ ‘V‘}. ,, _, , LF§1‘? § i : IOIC1i gu. c<i2;! irfi ~v I<i1l: —.e; i:’I, I l'I; r.ei; :i: ++ You should always start with the lowest I80 setting possible.

33. *i”i, i:—. e;i: I,I lufr_r; =.1L—, You should always start with the lowest I80 setting possible. Because a higher I80 typically translates to a noisy or “grainy” image. j@. ,l. l.i*i1i: .i , ljrn, i;*I-ii; ;i*; —>

34. I66. 6;: éihwlder c§’pIeed This is where you find the shutter. - a D a . . --

35. When a shutter opens and closes, it looks like this. ‘I’ 95;" E A ‘Q; L -"F"

36. I l I l l The shutter is a mechanism that opens and closes to allow light into the camera to reach the image sensor. e"4e"4e”4;_"_4S"4S"4;_. ”_4 l l l l l l l '. 1' I ‘ l .

37. Shutter speed is the AMO0NT 0F TIME the shutter remains opened.

38. In other words, it’s how long or how much time the aperture is opened. Image source - http: //www. ifans. corn/ forums/ Ihreads/ camera-shulter<anima(ion-is-hashed-up.388713/

39. Shutter speed is measured in seconds. (V

40. The shutter speed is usually found on the viewfinder or the I00 screen.

41. ' ‘ I . ‘, Y I l , ‘g . . l*” JPEG V -JH AISERVO RAW ‘ ldost cameras display the shutter speed as whole numbers.

42. Most cameras display the shutter speed as whole numbers. Eﬂ = 1/00"‘ of a sec

43. V . I [,1 . l ; vl ' El ['8] me o, L l , ‘g . ' V l -JH AISERVO ldost cameras display the shutter speed as whole numbers. = 1/00"‘ of a sec I/15"‘ of a sec

44. Most cameras display the shutter speed as whole numbers. Eﬂ = I/00"'ofasec Eﬁﬂ = I/250"'ofasec I5 = 1/15"‘ of a sec

45. D JPEG ‘ ﬂH3V '= ]JH AISERVO RAW ldost cameras display the shutter speed as whole numbers. = 'l/00“'oiasec A = ‘I/ ?.50"'oiasec I/15"‘ oia sec A = I/ 'l000"' of a sec

46. Slower shutter speed is normally displayed in quotation marks.

47. Slower shutter speed is normally displayed in quotation marks. U "E = 0.0 sec

48. Slower shutter speed is normally displayed in quotation marks. U "E = 0.0 sec E’ "U = Zsec

49. Slower shutter speed is normally displayed in quotation marks. U "E = 0.0 sec E’ "U = Zsec 7U ”U = I0 sec

50. Depending on your camera, shutter speeds can range 30. of a sec (or even faster).