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Alcohol and other Drugs

Alcohol and other Drugs

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Alcohol and other Drugs

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  1. Alcohol and other Drugs

  2. Lesson 1 - Alcohol

  3. Alcohol Body part Effect Sequencing Make a flow chart that shows where alcohol travels in the body once it is swallowed. Describe what the drug does to each part it passes through.

  4. What Is Alcohol? Alcohol is a drug. Alcohol A substance produced by a chemical reaction in carbohydrates Drug A substance that changes the structure or function of the body or mind

  5. Alcohol’s Effects on the Body Alcohol’s effects on the body include: • Increase of acid in the stomach • Ulcers • Blood vessels expand • Loss in blood temperature • Alcohol poisoning • Vomiting, breathing difficulties, possible death

  6. Alcohol’s Effects on the Body Heavy drinkers are at risk for developing cirrhosis. Cirrhosis Destruction and scarring of the liver tissue Cirrhosis can lead to death.

  7. Binge Drinking • http://www.teachertube.com/v.php?viewkey=de138b47062d56c60fbd

  8. Short-term Effects of alcohol

  9. Alcohol’s Effects on the Brain Slower ReactionTime Trouble thinking and speaking clearly More likely to engage in high-risk behaviors Drunk driving is a major cause of traffic accidents

  10. Being a Responsible Friend Don’t let a friend get in a car with a driver who has been drinking. If your friend is using alcohol, urge him or her to get help. Don’t hesitate to talk to an adult if your friend is unwilling to reach out. This is not breaking your friend’s trust. It is a step in getting your friend the help he or she needs.

  11. Factors the Influence Alcohol’s Effects There are several factors that influence how alcohol affects a person: Body Weight Rate ofConsumption AmountConsumed AmountEaten Other Drugs inthe System

  12. Alcoholic content of beverages

  13. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Amount of alcohol in a person’s blood is expressed by a percentage Legally intoxicated over 0.08 BAC

  14. Getting Arrested Suspension orExpulsion from School Stunted BrainDevelopment Poor Grades Teens Who Drink Teen drinking can lead to:

  15. Lesson 2

  16. Why You Should Avoid Alcohol • You may do or say things you will regret. • Your judgment becomes clouded and you may engage in other high-risk behaviors. • Your long-term health will be damaged. • Your relationships with family and friends will be damaged. • Your performance at school will suffer.

  17. Addiction and Alcoholism A person who drinks regularly will develop a tolerance for alcohol and runs the risk of developing alcoholism. tolerance A need for increasing amounts of a substance to achieve the same effect alcoholism A disease in which a person has a physical and mental need for alcohol

  18. Help for Alcoholics and Their Families There is no cure for alcoholism, but it can be treated. Children of alcoholics are never to blame for a parent’s alcoholism.

  19. Help for Alcoholics and Their Families • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) helps people with alcoholism. • Al-Anon provides support for family members living with an alcoholic. • Alateen helps teenage children of alcoholic parents learn to cope with problems at home.

  20. Al-Anon support group that helps family members and friends of alcoholics. Tuesdays 8:00 P.M.Advent Lutheran ChurchW 63 N642 Washington AvenueCedarburg, WI 53012 Southeast Entrance-Meeting is Upstairs Alateen support group that helps young people cope with having a family member or friends who is an alcoholic. Tuesdays 8:00 P.M.Advent Lutheran ChurchW63 N642 Washington AvenueCedarburg, WI 53012 Al-anon

  21. Pregnancy and Alcohol When alcohol consumed during pregnancy passes from the mother into the developing baby’s bloodstream, fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)can result. fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) A group of permanent physical and mental problems caused by alcohol use during pregnancy

  22. Pregnancy and Alcohol Possible FASComplicationsto Babies AbnormalBirth Weight MentalRetardation Birth Defects LearningDisabilities

  23. Lesson 3 • Illegal Drugs

  24. Drug Effects Identifying Cause and Effect Make a two-column chart. In the first column, write the names of the drugs you learned about. In the second, list the effects of these drugs.

  25. Illegal Drugs Using illegal drugs can result in stiff fines, imprisonment, permanent health damage, and death. illegal drugs Drugs that are made and used purely for their effects

  26. Inhalants Most inhalants are found in household products like adhesives, lighter fluids, cleaning solvents, and paint. inhalants Substances whose fumes or vapors are inhaled, or breathed in

  27. Causes Hallucinations Causes Damage to Brain Cells Can CauseComa Inhalants

  28. Dusting Inhalants PSA Dusting News Story

  29. Marijuana Marijuana is also known as pot or weed. marijuana An illegal drug that comes from the hemp plant Marijuana is usually smoked.

  30. IncreasesHeart Rate DecreasesEnergy Level Interferes withMemory Interferes with Concentration Causes Hallucinations and Panic Attacks Causes Long-TermBrain Damage Marijuana

  31. Stimulants Illegal stimulants include cocaine and methamphetamines. stimulants Drugs that speed up the body’s functions

  32. IncreasesHeart Rate Increases Breathing Causes Loss of Coordination Can Cause Physical Collapse Can Cause Heart Failure Can Cause Brain Damage Stimulants

  33. IncreasesBlood Pressure IncreasesHeart Rate Causes Restlessness Causes Loss of Appetite Causes Tendency to Engage inOther High-RiskBehaviors Cocaine and Crack

  34. Causes Abnormal Level of Activity Causes DecreasedAppetite Causes BreathingProblems Can Cause Brain Damage Can Cause Stroke Methamphetamine

  35. Anabolic Steroids Some athletes use anabolic steroids to increase their body weight. They should never be used this way. anabolic steroids Synthetic drugs based on a male hormone

  36. Causes Violent Behavior Causes Depression Causes Problems with SexualDevelopment Can Cause Liver and BrainCancer Can Cause Heart Attack Anabolic Steroids

  37. Narcotics Some narcotics are medicines prescribed by doctors. narcotics Strong drugs that relieve pain The most commonly used illegal narcotic is heroin.

  38. Hallucinogens Use of hallucinogens can lead to strange and/or violent behaviors, confusion, depression, and brain damage. hallucinogens Illegal drugs that cause the user’s brain to create or distort images and to see and hear things that aren’t real

  39. Lesson 4

  40. What is Drug Abuse? Using illegal drugs is a form of drug abuse. drug abuse The use of any drug in a way that is unhealthy or illegal Using medicines in ways they were not intended to be used is another form of drug abuse.

  41. Harmful Effects of Drug Abuse Physical Effects • Sleeplessness • Irritability • Damage to body organs • Heart failure • Overdose overdose Taking a fatal amount of a drug

  42. Harmful Effects of Drug Abuse Mental/Emotional Health • Damaged/destroyed brain cells • Damaged ability to think • Depression • Suicide

  43. Harmful Effects of Drug Abuse Social Health • Loss of interest in school • Retreat from family and friends • Choose the wrong friends • Risk of being injured in gang-related violence

  44. Addiction People with an addiction to a drug can no longer function without it. The addict also needs more and more of the drugto feel better.

  45. The Road to Recovery At the beginning of recovery, an addict may go through withdrawal. recovery To overcome an addiction and return to a mostly normal life withdrawal A series of physical and mental symptoms that occur when a person stops using an addictive substance

  46. Help for Drug Abusers and Their Families Drug addiction is a disease much like diabetes or heart disease. Treatment for drug addiction may require drug rehabilitation. drug rehabilitation A process in which a person relearns how to live without the abused drug