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Tsunami Simulation for warning PowerPoint Presentation
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Tsunami Simulation for warning

Tsunami Simulation for warning

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Tsunami Simulation for warning

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  1. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Tsunami Simulation for warning Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  2. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 What is Tsunami? Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  3. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 MAIN Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 A tsunami (pronounced soo-NAH-mee), loosely referred to as, but technically not, a tidal wave, is a series of waves (called a "wave train") generated in a body of water by a pulsating or abrupt disturbance that vertically displaces the water column. Earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, explosions, and the impact of extraterrestrial bodies such as meteorites, can generate tsunamis. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 <=BACK NEXT =>

  4. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 MAIN Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Meteorites Landslides Click here Subduction Lituya Bay Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 <=BACK NEXT =>

  5. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 MAIN Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Subduction Earth Mechanisms Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 <=BACK NEXT =>

  6. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 MAIN Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Fault displacement under water displaces water, water moves to fill vacuum, generating large waves. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 <=BACK NEXT =>

  7. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Tsunami Simulation for warning Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  8. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Tsunami Wave System • Generation – A seafloor disturbance, such as motion along a fault, pushes up the overlying water. • Propagation – The wave propagates across the deep ocean at jetliner speeds – Shoaling and refraction to amplify the wave • Inundation – As the wave moves into shallower water, increased energy density increases both the wave height and the currents. – Runup on a land and run-down Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  9. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Estimation of a seabed movement(deformation) A fault movement is described by its location including itsdepth, • Mechanical characteristics; (strike, dip- and slip-angles of the fault plane), • Geometrical characteristics (length, width and dislocation of the fault plane), and • Dynamic characteristics(rupture direction, rupture velocity and rise time of the fault movement). •Earthquake magnitude •Depth of the fault •Length and width of the fault plane •Strike and dip angle of the fault plane •Dislocation and slip angle Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  10. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Earthquake induced tsunamis Tsunamis can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water. Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  11. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Distant Tsunamis Wave system • The fact that the wavelength of a tsunami is much longer than the water depth leads to the system of long waves. • the wave amplitude of a tsunami in the deep ocean is infinitesimally small compared to the water depth • linearity of the water wave . • a distant tsunami can be solved with the aid of linear equations for long waves with the Coriolis force, frequency dispersion included, described in the longitude-latitude coordinate system. Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  12. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Local Propagation • Locally generated tsunami waves may propagate from their generating source to the near shore area of a nuclear power plant site; • hence, the wave propagation phenomena become important. • Numerical techniques,FDM, are applied to determine modification during propagation. • The accuracy of bottom topography has a vital effect on the computed results Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  13. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Tsunami Warning System 1. Estimating the occurrence of a tsunami by seismicinformation(magnitude, locationand depth) 2. Data base of the simulation with assumptions 3. Real time analysis with the tentative fault model 4. Revision of the tentative fault model by the observation data Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  14. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Accuracy of the simulation Major causes of low accuracy induced by ; • Initial source; location and slip • Modeling and Geometry data Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  15. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 To reduce damage and casualties The “Three Helps” of disaster measures The people could not see the impact/terror of tsunami only by warning with the tsunami information; arrival time and heights. They should understand its impact have the imagination before the tsunami attack through making hazards map and having workshop. • Self help, • Public help, • Mutual help Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  16. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  17. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  18. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Making the original hazard maps • In the past, the map was provided by the local government but no use for the people • Original information should be included • Selecting the base map • Collecting the information of risk • Discussion what information be included • Checking them by town-walking Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  19. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 DART Public education for awareness and evacuation system with consideration of life and culture at reach region. ICT Tower Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007

  20. Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Acknowledgments I would like to express my sincere gratitude and deep appreciation to Professor Fumihiko Imamura, DCRC, Tohoku University, Professor Yoshinobu Tsuji, ERI, University of Tokyoand Dr.Hiroyuki Matsumotofrom JAMSTECfor their guidance, invaluable advice, supervision and material Jamboree – II, The JCOMM/IODE Combined Modeling and Data Management Training Workshop Held at Oostende, Belgium, 9 – 14 October 2006 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Helpat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007 Joint Regional Conference on Disaster Relief and Management – International Cooperation & Role of ICT Heldat Alexandria, Egypt during the period from 14 to 17 April 2007