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Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

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Chapter 1 Engineering and Management

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  1. Chapter 1Engineering and Management

  2. Managing Engineering and Technology Management Functions Managing Technology Personal Technology Planning Research Time Management Design Ethics Decision Making Production Career Organizing Quality Leading Marketing Controlling Project Management Advanced Organizer

  3. Chapter Outline • Origins of Engineering • Engineering as a Profession • Roles of Engineers • Management Levels and Skills • Roles and Functions of Managers • Engineering Management

  4. Learning Objectives • Describe the origins of engineering practice • Identify the functions of management • Define “Engineering Management” • Explain the need for engineers in management

  5. Origin of Engineering “Engineer”& “Ingenious” stem fromLatin word “ingenium” • Talent, natural capacity • Clever invention

  6. Definition of “Profession” “a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive preparation, including instruction in skills and methods as well as in the scientific, historical or scholarly principles underlying such skills and methods, maintaining by force of organization or concerted opinion high standards of achievement and conduct and committing its members to continued study and to a kind of work which has for its prime purpose the rendering of a public service.” --Webster’s 3rd International Dictionary

  7. Definition of “Engineering Profession” “the art of directing the great sources of power in nature, for the use and convenience of man.” --The first issue (1866) of the English journal Engineering “the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.” --Engineers' Council for Professional Development

  8. What Engineers Do? • Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to the economical solution of practical technical problems. • Engineers design machinery, products, systems, and processes for efficient and economical performance. --U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

  9. Types of Engineers • Civil Engineers • Agricultural Engineers • Mechanical Engineers • Electrical Engineers • Industrial Engineers • Chemical Engineers • Aerospace Engineers • Computer Engineers • Software Engineers • Biomedical Engineers

  10. Engineers of Future • Teamwork • Flexibility • Interpersonal skills

  11. Engineering Employment

  12. Engineering Employment

  13. Engineering Jobs • Manufacturing Industries (~37%) • Product Research, Design • Production, Quality • Plant, General • Service Industries (~28%) • Marketing, Purchasing, Recruiting • Logistics • Government (~12%)

  14. Management Manage: “to handle” Management: “the process for managing, training, or directing”

  15. Management Levels • First-line managers • Foreman, supervisor, section chief • Middle managers • Plant manger, division head, chief engineer, operations manager • Top managers • Chair of board, president, executive vice president, CEO, CFO

  16. Managerial Skills • Technical skills • Interpersonal skills • Conceptual skills Technical Skills Interpersonal Skills Conceptual Skills

  17. Managerial Roles • Interpersonal • Figurehead, leader, liaison • Informational • Monitor, disseminator, spokesperson • Decisional • Entrepreneurial, Disturbance handler, Resource allocator, Negotiator

  18. Functions of Managers • Planning • Organizing • Staffing • Leading • Controlling

  19. Engineering Management:A Synthesis • Engineering Management is the art and science of planning, organizing, allocating resources, and directing and controlling activities which have a technological component. -ASEM • Engineering management is a field that bridges the gap between engineering and management. Engineering management involves the overall management of organizations with an orientation to manufacturing, construction, engineering, technology or production. -- Wikipedia

  20. “Ordinary Managers” vs.“Engineering Managers” • The engineering manager is distinguished from other managers because he/she possesses both an ability to apply engineering principles and a skill in organizing and directing people and projects. • He/she is uniquely qualified for two types of jobs: the management of technical functions (such as design or production) in almost any enterprise, or the management of broader functions (such as marketing or top management) in a high-technology enterprise.

  21. Engineering ManagersNature of the Work • Plan, coordinate, and direct research, design, and production activities. • Supervise engineers, scientists, and technicians, along with support personnel. • Apply knowledge of administrative procedures, • Use communication skills extensively. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

  22. Need for Engineering Managers • High-tech nature of business • Extensive planning • Uncertainties in products and processes • Recruitment and evaluation of technical personnel • Leadership and motivation of technical personnel

  23. Management and Engineering Career • Engineering and sciences managers held about 228,000 jobs in 2006. • Manufacturing industries employed 38% of engineering and sciences managers. • Another 31% worked in services industries. • Other large employers include Federal, State, and local government agencies. • Employment of engineering and sciences managers is expected to grow 8 percent over the 2006-16 decade, about as fast as the average for all occupations. --Bureau of Labor Statistics

  24. EM Core: • Project Mgmt • TQM • Info. Sys. • Adv. Eng. Eco. • Enterprise Eng. • Logistics • Business Core: • Accounting • Finance • Marketing • Org. Behavior • Operations Mgmt Eng Electives: Engineering Management Curriculum

  25. Managing Engineering and Technology Management Functions Managing Technology Personal Technology Planning Research Time Management Design Ethics Decision Making Production Career Organizing Quality Leading Marketing Controlling Project Management Advanced Organizer

  26. Discussion Questions • What is your background? (Major, Level of study, country of origin, job title…) • Why do you take this course? • What is your expectation from this class? • Could you find out the trend in engineering enrollment (at college level) in U.S.? • Could you find out the trend in business enrollment (at college level) in U.S.?